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Tomus 15 Fasciculus 1-2 • 2014

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VERBUM Analecta Neolatina 15(1-2) 2014

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ESPACES LISIBLES (pp. 9–158)
   Dans cette rubrique, nous nous interrogeons les textes théoriques français en rapport avec les espaces (imaginaires, poétiques, réels et géographiques), nous réfléchissons sur leurs rapports, écarts et changements. D’après notre hypothèse, dans la première moitié du 20e siècle les métaphores spatiales se construisent à partir d’une vision temporelle devenue problématique (Bergson, Proust), ensuite, soumis aux influences historiques, sociales et technologiques, l’espace engloutit le temps (Bachelard, Foucault, Virilio, Deleuze et Guattari, etc.).
   Nos réflexions sur l’espace comblent une sorte de besoin en Hongrie où, malgré le fait que la poétique de l’espace, la géophilosophie et récemment la géocritique (géopoétique, écopoétique, etc.) alimentent sporadiquement la pensée théorique hongroise grâce aux traductions, leur réception et l’impact du tournant spatial n’ont pas encore été systématisés.
   Le temps domine l’homme qui est capable de le maîtriser et de le vivre comme intimité à l’aide de la mémoire. Le rapport de l’homme à l’espace est inverse, il se dilue dans l’espace. Dans la conscience humaine la dialectique du temps et de l’espace oppose les perceptions de la continuité et de la rupture, de la plénitude et du vide.
  Chaque représentation du monde se formule autour de ces oppositions. Si le rapport de l’homme avec le temps est d’origine psychologique, l’espace est perçu d’une manière beaucoup plus directe et physique. C’est grâce à l’espace réversiblement parcouru que l’homme peut dédramatiser la dimension temporelle tragiquement éphémère. C’est dans cet espace que naît l’imagination et avec elle, à travers la perception corporelle, notre identité. C’est ici que se dessinent les perspectives de notre vie : l’élévation et l’abaissement, la surface et la profondeur, la répétition et le retour, le dehors et le dedans, le oui et le non, c’est dans cet espace que se forment les images s’articulant autour des pôles positifs et négatifs, c’est à partir de cet espace que se créent les espaces et les lieux.
   Les modalités suggérées par les réflexions des chercheurs français, brésiliens et hongrois sont des approches pluridisciplinaires et comparatistes.

Anikó Ádám
Anikó Radvánszky




Primer Simposio sobre la Recepción, Presencia y Visión
de la Literatura Hispánica en el Centro y Este de Europa (pp. 165–248)

Tomus 15 Fasciculus 1-2 • 2014
  • Szerző Sághy, Marianne
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 9-16
    Absztrakt This article aims to place the Athanasian desert on the list of Foucauldian heterotopiae. In Life of Antony, Athanasius of Alexandria creates a Christian desert in stark opposition with the political space of the Roman Empire dominated by heretical emperors. The desert is an agora of spiritual fight with demons, a meeting place with God as well as an ideological landscape shaped by Athanasius' struggle with secular power. The desert's claims to utopia as a “new Paradise” are built on the homogenizing bases of Nicaean orthodoxy.
  • Szerző Kiss, Kornélia
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 17-25
    Absztrakt In this paper, I wish to demonstrate the different psychological effects by means of which nature and space can influence nature and human behavior. I will elaborate on spaces and expanded spaces of the Tristanien myth, influencing and, at the same time, guiding the conduct of the protagonists, especially Tristan, who, throughout his short life, is constantly in close, even: too close relationship with nature, which is a particularly decisive factor concerning his physical andmoral destiny. According to the Bachelardian thought, “man and world exist in a community of dangers. They are dangerous for each other”. Even if the “cohabitation” of the elements of nature and human beings is not always and without negative exception on Earth, it is, however, in continual change. My goal is to show the negative as well as the positive sides of this relationship.
  • Szerző Ádám, Anikó
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 26-34
    Absztrakt The paper draws its hypothesis from Romanticism: one way to understand modern (post-Revolution) French aesthetic thought is the interpretation and comparison of the reflections on historical (external) and psychological (internal) time and space. Romantic thinkers used innumerable metaphors for history, and some of these are closely related to images representing contemporary perspectives on space (circle, spiral, sphere) that are not exclusively typical to this particular age, but they were already expressing a possible attitude to the world whereMan ismostly at the centre, and they also give an anthropomorphic character to Man’s surroundings.
  • Szerző Seth, Catriona
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 35-46
    Absztrakt Germaine de Staël's 1807 novel, Corinne ou l'Italie, is concerned with space in more ways than one. The title indicates the primary importance of Italy – a fragmentary collection of states at the time. Rome is the axis around which the heroine's life initially seems to revolve. The novel then sets up various poles to counterbalance or complement it: Oswald is Scottish and the aesthetics of Ossian plays a part in the work’s poetics; French pre-revolutionary culture is also shown as important in an ideal cultural mix. Staël is looking to the future in this work, which implicitly imagines a new balance of power for Europe.
  • Szerző Por, Peter
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 47-56
    Absztrakt This paper studies the emergence of a topos central tomodern poetry, and defines its mains characteristics: the megalopolis is the paradigmatic space of modern modern poetical existence. The Swan, by Baudelaire, is its seminal artwork, followed by three great compositions: The Musiscian of Saint Merry by Apollinaire, The Waste Land by T. S. Eliot, and Rilkes Tenth Duino's Elegy. Each one of those poems is shaped on the pseudo-epical framework of the poet's long going through, during which he he discovers the multiplicity of real characters, objects and places, which lead him to the opposite and fatal recognition: the megalopolis is a necropolis, the space of incongruity, emptiness and unreality. Each poem leads to a cosmical vision, but one which is an endless walk towards non-existence. As a conclusion, we underline two fundamental features of the creation of the poetical space: it is always voluntary, and it can only be accomplished through the use of temporary categories.
  • Szerző Ila-Horváth, Zsófia
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 57-67
    Absztrakt George Perec's work and the oeuvre of Marguerite Duras are two closely related to topographies, which seem to be permeated by “vacuity”, both on the thematic and the formal level. Does the representation of space, the mise-en-scène of the decor have to be interpreted as part of what we could call the “writing of absence”, typical of the two writers? Or just the opposite, does the spatial dimension allow another interpretation of Perec's and Duras' work, respectively? In the present paper, we attempt to answer these questions by analysing the different methods used by the two writers to represent space.
  • Szerző Darida, Veronika
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 68-74
    Absztrakt Michel Foucault’s theory of the spaces and places of heterotopia have been effectively explored by contemporary directors. In his well-known paper Of other spaces (1967), the philosophermakes a distinction between utopias and heterotopias. For Foucault, utopias are sites with no real spaces, while heterotopias are real places, which are absolutely different from all the sites that we reflect and speak about (cemeteries, gardens, prisons, colonies, psychiatric hospitals, museums, libraries, and theatres). We will examine theatre as heterotopia, in the sense that the theatrical space is comprised of an uncountable quantity of different spaces. In this framework, an analysis based on dramaturgies of heterotopias will be elaborated in regard of a playwright (Bernard-Marie Koltès) and a stage director (Patrice Chéreau).
  • Szerző Radvánszky, Anikó
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 75-85
    Absztrakt What conception of space would be appropriate for the theory and praxis of deconstruction? In this paper we will consider what role space(time) plays in the theorisation of deconstrucion by reviewing the early works of Jacques Derrida's oeuvre, dealing with phenomenology, and also, by analysing the essay Khôra (1987).
  • Szerző Gyimesi, Timea
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 86-97
    Absztrakt This study aims to analyse the use of space inMarie Darrieussecq's novels. Space will be analysed in the framework of an esthetic programme which falls within chaos theory and the geophilosophy of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. This framework seems particularly useful at unfolding Darrieussecq’s outlandish haptic “spacephantoms” (land, mind, waves, etc.) as well as her becomings (fool, baby, dead people, sow, etc.).
  • Szerző Házas, Nikoletta
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 98-106
    Absztrakt In my paper, I analyze a key work of a contemporary French photographer and urban activist who works in the context of the street art. The film in question, entitled Women are heroes, describes an artistic project of the author “JR” who took photos of women’s faces in the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro, and posted them all around the city. The project focuses on the dialogue of ethics, aesthetics, and politics of personal images and histories placed in public spaces. According to my hypothesis, the focus of the photos and the stories is the gaze of women as they are presented by the young man, JR, through an altruistic gesture. They are par excellence examples of the representation of irreducible “otherness”, which I call “altruistic feminism”.
  • Szerző Kalla, Stéphane
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 107-132
    Absztrakt The paper presents certain key features from a philosophical and phenomenological point of view of the aesthetics of Michael Mann, a leading film maker of modernity. We try to identify the aesthetic, phenomenological and metaphysical issues of a unique formalism, parallelism.
  • Szerző Viana, Joaquim
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 133-137
    Absztrakt If there is evidence of a radical change of direction in the understanding of space, there is also, on the other hand, a conservative tendency for training and playing a dimensional space and above codified identical reproductions and easy recognition. In principle, this codified space is connected to the possibility of creating a sensitive axiomatic field (formerly: significant field and ghostly field) capable of imparting a new orthodoxy, a new value system to form/build a consistent image world.
  • Szerző Koest, Bernard
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 138-145
    Absztrakt Photographer and visual artist, Bernard Koest experiments in this dialogue the articulation between the real space and that of some series of its images.
  • Szerző Nagy-Zekmi, Silvia
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 146-158
    Absztrakt The article analyzes the multiple meanings of the border as a textual construct in Beur writing represented by Leila Sebbar, Azouz Begag, Leila Houari, Farida Belghoul by focusing on hybridity as a theoretical tool in the representation of the collective identity of the Beur defined by migration through discourses that emerge from unequal power relations in loci of cultural contact.
  • Szerző Valenzuela, Luisa
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Critica
    Oldal pp. 165-172
  • Szerző Nemrava, Daniel
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Critica
    Oldal pp. 173-190
    Absztrakt Based on the idea of Adorno’s impossibility to narrate and to represent freedom because of the split between “experience” and “narration” of history, we offer a reading of Manuel Puig focusing on how its narrative thematizes this crisis in a specific social and political context. Accepting the possibility of the dialectical relationship between “experience” and “history”, and considering the “history” as a structure of “experience”, we are allowed to analyze the mode and character of the structuring of this “experience” and the meaning and message of the dialectical relationship between the entities concerned. From Puig’s narratives we have chosen the novel El beso de la mujer araña (The Kiss of the Spider Woman). Through its protagonist, the author narrates imaginary displacements at various levels, especially “border territories” or “transition zones”, and he creates “maps” from the cell, interconnecting multiple fields in the sense of rhizomatic mapping. In this dynamic of “journeys” which determines the existence of the subjects, we are revealed deeper meanings concerning Argentinean social and political reality.
  • Szerző Báder, Petra
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Critica
    Oldal pp. 191-197
    Absztrakt The following essay analyzes the recurringmotifs of the short story collection Pájaros en la boca by the Argentine Samanta Schweblin, focusing on the narrative techniques that induce the transformation and the twisting of everyday reality. Due to the introduction of an unexpected event, the notion of reality undergoes a substantial change reflected not only in the linguistic style of the narrative (dry and purified, completely deprived of lyricism), but also in the “personal narration” of the protagonists, witnesses of the most unexpected and subversive incidents. After examining the aforementioned aspects of the short stories, the paper seeks to evaluate the influence of earlier literary tendencies and genres such as the neo-fantastic on Schweblin’s narrative, contesting Luciana Irene Sastre’s interpretation of the short story El cavador that confirms the determining influence of modern Argentine narrative tendencies, inscribing Schweblin’s work in the category of post-autonomous literatures, a concept introduced by Josefina Ludmer.
  • Szerző Cselik, Ágnes
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Critica
    Oldal pp. 198-205
    Absztrakt Can the narrative version of history replace the real one? Does objective history exist or is everything fictious, and do we choose some version and declare it to be the real one? In the works of Ricardo Piglia the series of personal, private stories are interleaved with the writing process, with the theory of history and most importantly, with hypothetical history. For Ricardo Piglia, the act of writing is an activity which allows one to create different versions and different drafts; this is impossible with history that one lives in, history which is experienced in person. In this paper, I analyze Piglia’s method of converting tangible reality and a history situation defined in pure literary fiction. The account approaches the problem from the viewpoint of the protagonists, stories and the complete work of the author.
  • Szerző Cerda Montes de Oca, Susana
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Critica
    Oldal pp. 206-215
    Absztrakt In the collection of short stories Aquí pasan cosas raras, Luisa Valenzuela portrays a world that reflects the reality of state terrorism in Argentina during the 70’s and 80’s. The aim of this paper is to examine and explore how the representation of emotions such as fear, guilt, and shame invites us to think about the relationship between the victim and the victimizer. I argue that some of Valenzuela’s literary representations are helpful to understand what Hanna Arendt suggests on the banality of evil, and what Martha Nussbaum’s emphasises about the fragility of goodness.
  • Szerző Menczel, Gabriella
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Critica
    Oldal pp. 216-222
    Absztrakt Eduardo L. Holmberg was a versatile Argentinean author in the 19th century, particularly interested in the natural sciences, who introduced the genre of science fiction in Argentinean literature. This paper focuses on his short story “Horacio Kalibang o los autómatas” (1879) from the perspectives of identity inversions, creation of mechanic simulacrums of human beings as a projection of a hyperreality (Baudrillard). The artificial simulacrum is produced within the frames of dynamic games such as identity vs. alterity, or in Paul Ricoeur’s terms, identity (mêmeté) vs. ipseity (ipséité). This study presents the narrative techniques of creating a sinister reality, and the way of converting the identities into victims manipulated by an unconceivable superior power.
  • Szerző Gatti, Giuseppe
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Critica
    Oldal pp. 223-239
    Absztrakt The central aim of our analysis consists of a comparative study about the literary representation of traumatic forms of violence that link themselves with the repression and the terror of State. We will concentrate our attention on two writers, the Hungarian playwright, novelist and writer István Örkény (1912–1979) and the Argentinian writer Ana Maria Shua (1951–): they share the same frequentness of a genre as the micro-fiction, a “narrative territory”, particularly fertile for the production of political allegories. The first object of reflection is the short story’s production of Örkény: especially, the stories “The new neighbor” and “The last bone of cherry”. Both tales belong to the book Egyperces novellák (1968), translated into the Spanish with the title of Cuentos de un minuto. The biography of Örkény reflects the way in which the trauma of violence and ostracism is re-elaborated across a writing style that appeals to the grotesque humor and to the irony. The second object of analysis is a selection of micro-fiction of Shua, from the books Temporada de fantasmas (2004) and Fenómenos de circo (2011). In both texts the fictional representation of the years of dictatorship that has characterized the recent history of the nations of the Cono Sur is constructed on a scheme that approaches the political history of Argentina from an allegoric fictionalization of authoritarianisms, censorship, violence and exile.
  • Szerző Imrei, Andrea
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Critica
    Oldal pp. 240-248
    Absztrakt This paper provides an overview of various theories related to Cortázar’s ideas about the metaphor. I look into Plato, Herder, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Jakobson, Gadamer, Ricoeur, Derrida, and deMan to explore and demonstrate the way in which Cortázar revaluated and reworked the meaning of visual images to create his distinctive poetics. Postmodern literature, like Cortazar’s, questions the referentiality of language and shows that it is only visual images that determine meaning. In the work of Cortázar there is always a hidden story that informs us about a different reality. A reality that is form by the logic of metaphorical structures.
  • Szerzők Vázquez-Amador, María
    Lario-de-Oñate, M. Carmen
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Linguistica
    Oldal pp. 251-270
    Absztrakt The press is a reflection of the reality of an era, its society, customs, interests and anything that conveys knowledge of the events happening. This paper aims to examine the Anglicisms related to the social news included in the Spanish press published between the mid 18th century and 19th century. These voices were timidly entering the Spanish newspapers in order to describe the entertainment and the parties high society attended. The Anglicisms will be analyzed in order to determine whether they have lingered into the Spanish language and whether they have been admitted in the different editions of the Royal Spanish Academy Dictionary.
  • Szerző Samarini, Francesco
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Iuvenilia
    Oldal pp. 273-282
    Absztrakt A large number of religious poems were published in Italy during the 17th century, but these works have often been ignored by critics. The authors of the compositions aimed at replacing the traditional “escapist” literature – the books of chivalry in particular – with a pious form of entertainment. The translations of the Scriptures in vernacular were prohibited by the Church, therefore this kind of poetry was one of the few ways to get in contact with the Scriptures for the readers who did not know Latin. The plots of these poemswere drawn directly either fromthe Bible or fromhagiographies, although their stories were enriched with new episodes invented by the writers, who usually showed the tendency to imitate Torquato Tasso’s Gerusalemme liberata. This paper intends to give a general description – with some relevant examples – of this complex literary genre, which is little known but extremely rich and various.
  • Szerző Tedesco, Alessandro
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Iuvenilia
    Oldal pp. 283-293
    Absztrakt The text aims to analyze the aspects of the editorial innovation by Ludovico Domenichi in his Reformation to the Orlando innamorato. Through an examination of the paratextual apparatuses and the changes introduced by Domenichi, the analysis aims to highlight the reasons for the success of the reform carried out by this polygraph.
  • Szerző Vykypělová, Klára
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Iuvenilia
    Oldal pp. 294-301
    Absztrakt Women’s individuality is still an open question that attracts attention. We can look for women’s emancipation because of the efforts for recognition of the woman as a free individuality gifted with reason. This fact becomes an especially interesting dimension in the literature. The aim of this paper is to highlight the interdependence of the individual and society in the 18th century, and how this relationship is reflected in literary works. We will discuss the connection of two methodological concepts:Mikhail Bakhtin’s concept of the chronotope and Michel Foucault’s concept of identity. These two concepts will be furthermore applied to the epistolary novel Lettres d’une Péruvienne (1747), written by Françoise de Graffigny.
  • Szerzők Domokos, György
    Huszthy, Bálint
    Klimová, Katarína
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Recensiones
    Oldal pp. 305-319
    Recenziók Zsuzsanna Fábián, Ildikó Szijj, Imre Szilágyi & Balázs Déri (eds.): GPS 60°: Studi di linguistica neolatina per i 60 anni di Giampaolo Salvi. Budapest: ELTE BTK Romanisztikai Intézet, 2014, 232 pp. (Huszthy Bálint)

    Zuzana Bohušová & Anita Hut’ková (eds.): Translationswissenschaft und ihre Zusammenhänge 5: Gegenwärtige Translationswissenschaft in der Slowakei. The translation studies and its contexts 5: Slovak translation studies today. Translatológia a jej súvislosti 5: Súˇcasná slovenská translatológia. Wien: Praesens Verlag, 2013, 392 pp. (Katarína Klimová)

    Bonvesin da la Riva: Libro delle tre scritture. Introduzione, testo e commento a cura di Matteo Leonardi. (Memoria del tempo. Collana di testi e studi medievali e rinascimentali diretta da Johannes Bartuschat e Stefano Prandi 43). Ravenna: Longo, 2014, 291 pp. (Domokos György)
2012 PPKE BTK Romanisztikai Intézet© Horváth Márton