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Tomus 13 Fasciculus 1 • 2012

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Tomus 13 Fasciculus 1 • Julius 2012

  • Pitié pour les Communards ! Victor Hugo face au royaume de Belgique
    Author Brix, Michel
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.1
    Pages pp. 5-17
    Keywords Victor Hugo, death penalty, Parisian Commune, Belgium
    Abstract Victor Hugo constantly fought for the abolition of the death penalty. One of his earliest works, Le Dernier Jour d’un condamné (1829), was already devoted to this issue. The present paper discusses how Hugo fought against those who insisted on shooting the troublemakers in the wake of the Parisian Commune (1871). These efforts put the writer in danger: he was living in Belgium at the time and was made to leave the country by order of the government. These events shed a particular light on the genesis of the poem called Les Fusillés in the collection of L'Année terrible.
  • Art et culture de masse chez Adorno et Arendt ?
    Author Olay, Csaba
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.2
    Pages pp. 18-31
    Keywords art, mass culture, Adorno, Arendt
    Abstract The paper will first consider Adorno's critique of the culture industry, then we will present Arendt's distinction between art and entertainment to ease the Frankfurt critique on mass culture and maintain its essential insights. Following Arendt, the paper's working hypothesis claims that the variety of mass culture or popular culture can be better understood if it is correlated to a need for amusement and entertainment that must be basically distinguished from art as intellectual orientation. It will be argued that it is possible and fruitful to make a difference between high culture and popular culture, not in the sense of a gradual difference, but as a difference in kind.
  • La dissimulation qui apparait
    Author Radvánszky, Anikó
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.3
    Pages pp. 32-39
    Keywords literary space, récit, unworking, narrative voice, neuter, exteriority
    Abstract Blanchot got closest to seizing the self-reflexivity of the literary work of art in the third piece of the triptych of Èze, a short story entitled Celui qui ne m'accompagnait pas. The central plot of the story is woven around a conversation the narrator is involved in with a mysterious "he", who is the other, unknown part of himself and an anthropomorphic work of art at the same time. The scene of the story gradually becomes an imaginary one, "the literary space" itself, making a possible entrance into the void, the lack of time, where the writingmay be born.
  • François Cheng o el diálogo entre las culturas de Oriente y Occidente
    Author Bermúdez Medina, Lola
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.4
    Pages pp. 40-47
    Keywords François Cheng, dialogue, culture, China, France
    Abstract The paper presents an overview of the intellectual trajectory of François Cheng, the first Chinese writer to become a member of the French Academy, highlighting his mediating role between Eastern and Western cultures, specifically that of France, and not only in the field of literature but painting as well. In effect, aesthetic concerns go hand in hand with a moral dimension in this Chinese-French author's oeuvre.
  • Orfeu e Perséfone, o caos e a metamorfose: Uma literatura de quase morte
    Author D'Angelo, Biagio
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 51-52
  • La privación de lo finito en A cielo abierto de João Gilberto Noll
    Author Bylaardt, Cid Ottoni
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.5
    Pages pp. 53-69
    Keywords erratic writing, lack of limits, literature of dispersion, impossibility of literature
    Abstract This text intends to show how João Gilberto Noll's writing is erratic and disperse due to the lack of limits within which the literary text may contain itself. Such writing is characterized by the excess of world in it, by the impossibility of intervening in the real world, imprisoned by an infinite that is a surplus, by a lack of finite. Talking about men and things in the periphery of the world and in the end of times, literature is not a serious aid in the domain of tasks, because it is not the result of a true work, it is not a kind of work that acts among the human beings. It is thus strange to every true culture, to true history, which is not made of a fictitious transformation.
  • Dichos de vida y muerte en "Campo general" de João Guimarães Rosa
    Author Alves, Maria Theresa Abelha
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.6
    Pages pp. 70-84
    Keywords language, death, law and infraction, word and silence
    Abstract This article, while discussing the relationship between language and death, shows the origin and consequences of the tragedy unfolding in the novel by Guimarães Rosa - Campo Geral - through the eyes of two little brothers - Miguilim and Dito - who lose their innocence by discovering the family secrets involving betrayal of fraternal and marital law. The death creeps into narrative through symbolic and real deaths that occur as acts in language and speech.
  • La poesía de Waly Salomão. Antropofagia, hibridismo y polifonía
    Author Alves, Ida Ferreira
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.7
    Pages pp. 85-106
    Keywords contemporary Brazilian poetry, Waly Salomão, cultural hibridity
    Abstract The paper discusses the poetic work of Waly Salomão, contemporary poet and one of the strongest voices of Brazilian post-70's poetry, with a focus on the idea of cultural heterogeneity in the Portuguese language. The relation between contemporary lyrical discourse, anthropophagy and cultural hybridity is shown through the perspective of a paper by Jahan Ramazani, The Hybrid Muse (2001).
  • Perséfone e a Polaroid. Escrever a imagem para entrar na morte (sobre alguns poetas contemporâneos, especialmente de língua portuguesa)
    Author D'Angelo, Biagio
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.8
    Pages pp. 107-124
    Keywords photography, literature, death, present, punctum
    Abstract This paper discusses the relationship between writing and photography. The essays by Susan Sontag and Roland Barthes will be the theoretical bases for authors such as António Lobo Antunes, Ruy Belo, Núno Júdice, Vasco Graça Moura, Miguel Torga, Sofia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Rolf Dieter Brinkmann, Hilda Hilst, and Wislawa Szymborska. We would like to observe how the Other - in the photographical discourse - is narrated in a death perspective. Image, in fact, presents, in its paradoxical totality, catastrophic tensions and emptiness.
  • Orfeo tropical. Algunos aspectos de la poesía brasileña contemporánea
    Author Junqueira, Maria Aparecida
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.9
    Pages pp. 125-136
    Keywords poetry, Brazilian contemporary production, Walter Benjamin, literary reviews
    Abstract The aim of this essay is to examine some aspects of Brazilian contemporary poetry through the ideas of pre-history and post-history in Walter Benjamin's poetic thought.
  • Silêncio e comunicação: a literatura de Bartolomeu Campos de Queirós
    Author Duarte, Lélia Parreira
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.10
    Pages pp. 137-147
    Keywords Bartolomeu Campos de Queirós, reader, silence, death, life
    Abstract This paper analyses several works by Bartolomeu Campos de Queirós, trying to show that his literature is built by two kinds of silence: the silenced one, that hides what could be said, and the silent one, the unnamable, a kind of irreducible sense only reached by an allusive way. Bartolomeu thus values his reader, also incomplete and desirous, authorizes them to be free and to play with language. He thus makes a communication without words possible, he talks of the frailty of the human being and of his anguish when facing life and death.
  • Un fruto inesperado de una labranza agotada. Lavoura arcaica de Raduan Nassar
    Author Mourão, Cleonice Paes Barreto
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.11
    Pages pp. 148-157
    Keywords Lavoura arcaica, Raduan Nassar, language, textual analysis
    Abstract This essay examines Raduan Nassar’s novel Lavoura arcaica. In it, the scandal of the narrative is not incest or murder but what they reveal about the fragility of the word. The strength of the presence of these archaist taboos is linked to the inability to deal with language. Language, in fact, hides behind masks and calls for freedom, inflexibility before the speech that constituted the discourse of the Other. The difference remained cursed, hatched in the gesture of the Father who could not absorb it, reconcile it.
  • El exceso de la muerte, la excepción de la violencia y la escrita como soberanía: Feliz ano novo de Rubem Fonseca
    Author Vecchi, Roberto
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.12
    Pages pp. 158-167
    Keywords violence, literature, exception, author as a sovereign, Rubem Fonseca, Brazilian military dictatorship
    Abstract The article theoretically reflects on the relationship between violence and literature. In this sense, Rubem Fonseca's work is emblematical, first because violence is the principle object of an attempt of artistic representation, going beyond anymimetic temptation, and also because, through his narrative engagement, the author develops a sharp meta-reflection on the possibilities of writing the violence. The book Feliz ano novo, edited in 1975 during the military dictatorship contains explicit references to violence, for this reason, it was censored for many years. The book is a collection of short stories, centered on many apparently individual cases of material and symbolical violence that, actually, entail larger and political dimensions. The critical approach of the essay is based on some categories of political philosophy, considering the author endowed with a paradoxical sovereignty that allows him to exercise a strong counter-power as a condition to succeed in finding a literary form for a possible, finally full violence representation.
  • Morte com espectador. A persistência do trágico em Lya Luft
    Author Finazzi-Agrò, Ettore
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.13
    Pages pp. 168-179
    Keywords Lya Luft, language, death, family
    Abstract This text deals with the question about the relationship between language and death (that is, how death supports language and how language attempts to express death) in the first narrative production by Lya Luft and, in particular, in her novel O quarto fechado. Considering the theories of Hegel, Lévinas, Blanchot and Agamben, the paper attempts to highlight the originality of the Brazilian writer's position on death, considered not as a threshold that separates existence from its opposite, but as something familiar (in the full sense) to pain and loss, underlining the proximity - previously studied by Freud in its etymological implications - between Heim and Unheimlich.
  • Hacia una mitología de la muerte: El navegante dormido de Abilio Estévez
    Author Cannavacciuolo, Margherita
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.14
    Pages pp. 180-194
    Keywords Abilio Estévez, El navegante dormido, death, writing, original absence
    Abstract This paper focuses on Abilio Estévez's novel El navegante dormido (2007) in order to analyze the relationship between writing and death in it. Considering absence as a common root to both these elements, this paper pays special attention to how absence shapes the novel's narrative construction by demanding the replacement of expression with accumulation. The text in fact reflects the inability of verbal language to convey the original experience of an existential void.
  • Espacios, sujetos, escritur: notas sobre la muerte en Relato de um certo Oriente de Milton Hatoum
    Author Francisco, Denis Leandro
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.15
    Pages pp. 195-207
    Keywords space, subject, writing, death, Milton Hatoum, The Tree of the Seventh Heaven
    Abstract This paper analyses three important topoi of the novel The Tree of the Seventh Heaven by Milton Hatoum - space, subject and writing - in an attempt to show how these elements are marked by a signal of death, finitude and impossibility.
  • La muerte en tránsito. Ficción y reconocimiento en Gran Sertón: Veredas de João Guimarães Rosa
    Author Rowland, Clara
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.16
    Pages pp. 208-224
    Keywords João Guimarães Rosa, Grande Sertão: Veredas, epistolarity, recognition, temporality
    Abstract This essay explores the rhetoric of temporality in João Guimarães Rosa's novel Grande Sertão: Veredas through the foregrounding of an element apparently alien to the oral culture that would seem to structure its universe: the letter as a figure of writing. Focusing on the episode of Nhorinhá's delayed love letter to Riobaldo and on the implications of the ghostly temporality of epistolary communication, issues of representation, legibility, recognition and narrative will be discussed.
  • Le monde en couleur de Jean Echenoz: Les termes de couleurs dans Je m'en vais et leur traduction hongroise
    Author Laky, Krisztina
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Iuvenilia
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.17
    Pages pp. 227-247
    Keywords translation, culture, color naming, Jean Echenoz
    Abstract This study investigates whether or not color naming in translation is indicative of cultural differences. After a short introduction into the realm of colors, this paper briefly summarizes current thinking on issues of color naming and its impact on translation. This is followed by a review of the use and symbolism of the different color terms in Jean Echenoz's novel Je m'en vais and a comparative analysis of the original novel and its Hungarian translation from the point of view of color naming.
  • Recensiones
    Authors Ágoston, Piroska
    Martonyi, Éva
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Category Recensiones
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.18
    Pages pp. 251-255
    Reviews A francia irodalom története [Histoire de la litérature française]. Réd. par Judit Maár, ELTE Eötvös Kiadó, Budapest, 2011, 944 pp. (Martonyi Éva)

    Danza cultura e società nel Rinascimento italiano. A cura di Eugenia Casini Ropa & Francesca Bortoletti. Edizioni Ephemera, Macerata, 2007, 152 pp. (Ágoston Piroska)