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Tomus 7 Fasciculus 1 • 2005

Tomus 7 Fasciculus 1 • Maius 2005

  • Theory of value and money based on Thomas Aquinas
    Author Csocsán de Várallja, Eugène
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Artes
    Pages pp. 5-25
    Abstract The market pulsates in the teleological dynamism of the economy. The price formations of the market focus on the problem of value. The various goods obtain a common denominator in value judgements through the three stages of evaluation. At the first stage in the ontological base constituted by the analogia proportionis of utility, reason, the mind, can recognise the teleological relationship. At the second stage in this light of aims, reason can appreciate the value relationships in the items' rarity compared with the goals proposed. At the third stage, reason compares the possibilities of means with the aims which count to the person's will, and the various disparate items become of equal value by the decision of the will, in which the standard is the virtue of prudence. Economic value is measured by money, which is the product of the human society's will following our reason, as the society of monkeys lacks money. Money is such a tool of measuring economic value by which we might acquire anything according to its measure, as it is a draft on the national product constituting its real matter in the Aristotelian sense.
  • Liberty of decision in the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas
    Author Bolberitz, Pál
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Artes
    Pages pp. 27-36
    Abstract The recent crisis of Christianity is in close relation to the false interpretation of the concept on human dignity, related to the general public conviction and separated from the Perfect Goodness, that is God, Who designates man's dignity in the right use of the appropriately interpreted liberty. Therefore, man's misinterpreted dignity in the euphoria of its spurious glorification, is manifested in the separation of liberty of choice from the liberty of decision, the dismissals and ignorance of responsibility and commitment. Nevertheless, man's dignity is established in the likeness to the Divine, and the execution of liberty is ensured just by accomplishing the likeness to the Divine and following Christ's lead because only in this way is man able to properly express his similarity to the creating and governing, or rather redeeming God both in the form of free choice and decision, which is directed to God.
  • Aquinas after Joyce: Thomist aesthetics in light of contemporary art
    Author Funk-Deckard, Michael
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Artes
    Pages pp. 37-56
    Abstract According to the Irish novelist James Joyce, Thomas Aquinas's well-known formal trilogy from the Summa Theologiae is central to understanding beauty: proportio, claritas, and integritas. Joyce in fact formulated a youthful aesthetic based on Aquinas in his novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916). Despite Joyce's ontological misunderstanding of Thomas, this article resumes several interpretations of Thomist aesthetics (i.e., J. Maritain, U. Ecco, and F. J. Kovach) and strives to renew an understanding of contemporary art with regard to its relationship to the good/true and the possible rejection of this relationship.
  • Thomas von Aquin und das Judentum
    Author Lalla, Sebastian
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Artes
    Pages pp. 57-72
    Abstract Die Untersuchung zu Thomas von Aquin und dem Judentum zeigt anhand dreier Bezugspunkte (De regimine judaeorum, Summa theologiae und zwei philosophischen Beispielen), daß Thomas hinter einer Position anscheinender Kritik dem Judentum hohe Wertschätzung entgegenbrachte. Zwangstaufe und Ungerechtigkeiten den jüdischen Gemeinden gegenüber werden abgelehnt, dafür betont Thomas die Sonderstellung der jüdischen Religion im Zusammenhang rationaler Freiheit des natürlichen Gesetzes: Juden sollen ihre Bräuche ausüben und sind als Gesprächspartner im philosophischen wie theologischen Dialog gefragt.
  • Un sogno e l'amore: nota su due piccoli dipinti giovanili di Raffaello
    Author Tarabochia Canavero, Alessandra
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Artes
    Pages pp. 73-102
    Abstract Two allegorical paintings by Raphael - Knight's Dream or (Scipio's Dream) and the Three Graces - should be considered as bearers of a single message. The three classical life styles, i.e., intellectual, active and voluptuous, symbolized by a book, a sword, and a small branch of myrtle, which two young women show to the sleeping knight, are not incompatible, but reconcilable, as Marsilio Ficino writes to Lawrence the Magnificent. All this is seen by the knight in his dream. The dream, as vacatio animae, is the site of possibility and conciliation. The three Graces show this in the reality, with their ideal dance, expression of the harmony of the opposites, fulfilled by love.
  • Troubadour saint - Troubadour inconnu ? (Encore sur le Jubilus)
    Author Majorossy, Imre Gábor
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Artes
    Pages pp. 103-113
    Abstract The following study continues the long-lasting debate on the authentic interpretation of the famous poem Dulcis Iesu memoria. As part of a major work, the paper shows the literary character of the deeply religious poem, still very popular these days, underlining its troubadour features. As the English origin of the poem has been revealed by André Wilmart, philological problems are not treated here; however, the mainstream tradition is accepted in a particular way: Saint Bernard did not write but did inspire the poem. It was the specific cultural and literary environment that exerted an obvious influence on the author, on the troubadour saint and inconnu as well.
  • La función del modo narrativo frente al factor autobiográfico (yo y él) en La muerte de Artemio Cruz
    Author Rodríguez-Mansilla, Fernando
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 119-129
    Abstract In Carlos Fuentes's work we can witness, as with many other Boom writers, the proposal of a novel innovation through subverting traditional writing genres. Specifically, in La Muerte de Artemio Cruz, there seems to be an opposition between the narrative voice TÚ and the narrative voices YO and ÉL in order to establish a destruction of the conventional autobiographical discourse that the last two represent. In addition, TÚ openly denounces the chingada, an essential element of the Mexican social life which YO and ÉL defend and justify, so Fuentes goes beyond the proposed stylistic goal. Otherwise, after Aura, where the author introduces the TÚ form for the first time, the complex plot of Artemio Cruz's agony results in the success of the 'New Latin American Novel'.
  • La prima sestina di Francesco Petrarca
    Author Hoffmann, Béla
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 133-152
    Abstract Strictly speaking, the focus of the present essay is Petrarch's "Sestina 22" ("A qualunque animale alberga in terra") in Canzoniere; however, the peculiarities of the Petrarchan sestina will also be touched upon, including the relationship of Petrarch's poetic practice with that of his actual forerunners. In this respect, the provençal Arnaut Daniel and Dante will be mentioned. The essay aims at providing an analysis of the role end-words play in generating both meaning and theme. In addition, a special emphasis will be laid upon examining their sound effect and the functions these words carry in the given poetic idiom. Furthermore, a scrutiny will be given to the envoy and its relations to permutation and rhymes occurring at stanza-closures as well as to questions of versification and genre.
  • Petrarca e l'umanesimo politico del quattrocento
    Author Cappelli, Guido M.
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 153-175
    Abstract Il saggio intende mettere in luce gli elementi teorici che l'umanesimo politico ha mutuato dal pensiero politico petrarchesco, segnalando il debito che anche a questo proposito la cultura moderna contrae nei confronti di Petrarca. A tal fine, individua quattro tipologie ideologico-letterarie: l'epistola politica, l'uso dei classici come auctoritates, le modalità di impiego dell'esemplarità antica e gli elementi dottrinali di teoria del potere, e ne studia la ripresa nell'opera di alcuni dei principali umanisti quattrocenteschi.
  • Petrarca nella Corte: Un modello di comportamento del cortegiano-umanista
    Author Puskás, István
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 177-183
    Abstract During the 15th and 16th century, Petrarch played an important role in the various areas of cultural and everyday life. One of the sources of his influence was that he could answer any question concerning his art, though the interpretations differed according to the various readings. This is what happened in the case of his opinion about the regal court, too. I intend to introduce one episode of this long story of the relationship between the humanist and the regal court influenced by Petrarca. This episode contains the story of Ferrara in the 15th century and Pandolfo Collenuccio, the literator.
  • I mercanti lettori del Petrarca
    Author Brambilla, Simona
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 185-219
    Abstract The article is divided into two parts. The first part analyses how, between the 14th and the 16th century, the Italian merchants read the works of Petrarch, paying attention to material aspects, such as ownership, support, mercantesca hand, language and circulation; the study is based on the available catalogues of manuscripts by Petrarch. The second part studies the circulation of Petrarch's works among a small group of readers who lived in Florence and Prato (late 14th and early 15th century): the merchant and politician Guido del Palagio, the merchant Francesco Datini, the notary Lapo Mazzei and two churchmen, Giovanni dalle Celle and Luigi Marsili. The paper is based on material already published as well as research in archives.
  • La Speranza e le sue sirocchie nel De remediis di Petrarca
    Author Špička, Jiří
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 221-234
    Abstract I personaggi che dialogano nel De remediis di Petrarca, Gaudium et Spes nel primo libro, Dolor et Metus nel secondo, fronteggiati dalla Ratio, si mostrano come fortemente schematici e piatti. Il presente intervento si propone di cercare il significato dei quattro moti dell'animo all'interno della filosofia stoica, di analizzare il loro rapporto con la morale cristiana nonché i loro rapporti reciproci. L'accento è posto in particolare sul personaggio della Spes e si cerca di commentare, su base lessicale, la presenza dei termini che la riguardano nel testo del De remediis.
  • Tra spiritualità e cultura: Francesco Petrarca e il vescovo Ildebrandino Conti
    Author Frasso, Giuseppe
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 235-245
    Abstract Ildebradino Conti, bishop of Padua and ambassador to the Court of Buda, was a close friend of Francesco Petrarca, who had been, since 1349, one of the canons of the duomo of Padua. This article, through the examination of Ildebradino's library and some of Petrarca's letters, in particular Fam. XV 14, aims at suggesting a way of researching new works of Petrarca.
  • La Concezione della Fortuna in Petrarca
    Author Kaposi, Márton
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 247-261
    Abstract Linking the tradition of antiquity (fatum, fortuna, casus) with Christian doctrine (deus, providentia), Petrarch tries to interpret fortune as an important and unpredictable force originating partly from God, partly from the talents and actiones (virtues, sins) of man, crucially influencing the lives of individuals and peoples. Fortune being essentially changing, unpredictable, it would be erroneous to found one's life on it, but it must be taken into account: one should reduce its possibilities, and learn to handle its favours and blows. One can best limit its effects by avoiding mortal sin, developing activity-related virtues (fortitudo, iustitita), and handling consciously its interference with one's life: not overestimating its favours, and developing our virtues in connection with moderation and constancy (prudentia, temperantia, patientia). If one can, to some extent, handle fortune, one can become more independent, can significantly influence one's own destiny: instead of forfeiting happiness in the afterlife, one can live a life in harmony with that.
  • Dal De viris illustribus al De mulieribus claris
    Author Sciacovelli, Antonio Donato
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 263-279
    Abstract The present article shows the affinities in some biographical writings of Francesco Petrarca and Giovanni Boccaccio: the theme of the exaltation of the past, as opposed to the present time, as well as the corruption of the modern man may well be the very fundamental trait d'union between the two writers.
  • "Uscire dalla vita" - Il Secretum come biografia non-vera di Petrarca
    Author Tombi, Beáta
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Critica
    Pages pp. 281-289
    Abstract In my paper, I am going to study Petrarch's autobiography through a standard theory of postmodern deconstructionism, and confute the traditional concept of this genre. According to this proposal, every text, canonized by tradition, breaks away from its own place, in order to reorganize everyday tabulations. My work proceeds at two levels. The first part is framed by the traditional quality of the act of writing/reading as self-confession or self-examination. The exact study of Secretum results in a new theory: the autobiography essentially becomes a kind of writing or reading method, recurring in every kind of text. The second part is dedicated to the true or verifiable character of the same composition. Shortly, in this part, I am going to confirm my previous hypothesis through the application of several philosophical prospects. Actually, this critical attitude results in the review of traditional paradigms turning every autobiography into a false-autobiography and all kinds of text into a virtual autobiography.
  • Prigionieri di guerra ungheresi in Sicilia dopo la prima guerra mondiale
    Author Keglovich, Rita
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Iuvenilia
    Pages pp. 293-301
    Abstract The study discusses the everyday life of Hungarian prisoners of war during and after World War I. The paper first presents a brief historical summary, then discusses the number of the Hungarian p.o.w.'s in Italy, with a special focus on Sicily, as well as prison camps in Vittoria and palermo. The paper also presents some of the works and everyday life of the prisoners of war.
  • Gli eroi mitologici dei Romani nella Genealogia deorum ovvero l'umanesimo particolare di Giovanni Boccaccio
    Author Babics, Zsófia
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Iuvenilia
    Pages pp. 303-324
    Abstract In this article, the author presents an interesting analysis of Boccaccio's De Genealogia deorum. The current image of Boccaccio, based on Decameron, is revised by presenting his humanistic method of describing heroes of the ancient Rome, relying on mainly Christian authors in the interpretation.
  • Recensiones
    Authors Csűry, István
    Guimarães, Elisa
    Lautner, Péter
    Paál, Zsuzsanna
    Rodríguez Mansilla, Fernando
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Recensiones
    Pages pp. 327-335
    Reviews Biagio D'Angelo: Milongas y otros ritmos (Prólogo de Martha Canfield). Dirección Académica de Proyección Social y Extensión Universitaria de la PUCP, Lima, 2004, 135 pp. (Fernando Rodríguez Mansilla)

    Maria Luiza Guarnieri Atik: Vicente do Rego Monteiro - um brasileiro de França. Editora Mackenzie, São Paulo, 2004, 222 pp. (Elisa Guimarães)

    Luciano Morbiato (ed.): Scartafaccio d'agricoltura. Manoscritto di un contadino di Spiné di Oderzo (1805-1810) (Cultura popolare veneta. Collana di studi e ricerche sulla cultura popolare veneta realizzata su iniziativa della Regione Veneto. Nuova serie 15). Fondazione Cini - Regione del Veneto - Neri Pozza Editore, Vicenza, 1998, 199 pp. (Paál Zsuzsanna)

    Paul Richard Blum: Philosophieren in der Renaissance. W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart, 2004, 262 pp. (Lautner Péter)

    Edit Bors : Az idő poétikája az önéletírásban. Rousseau, Gide, Sartre önéletírásának szövegnyelvészeti - pragmatikai elemzése [La poétique du temps dans l'autobiographie. L'analyse linguistique textuelle et pragmatique de l'autobiographie de Rousseau, Gide et Sartre]. Akadémiai Kiadó : Budapest, 2004, 160 pp. (Csűry István)