Articles of the selected category in Verbum:

  • Le nom pied et la notion de stabilité
    Author Bertin, Thomas
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 9-29
    Abstract This article deals with the lexical meaning of the French noun pied. It aims at formulating a “semantic invariant” suiting this noun and offering a relevant picture of the semantic contribution it provides to French, regardless of its contextual meanings. After a short section giving an insight of our theoretical and methodological background, an overall description of the different acceptances of pied is drawn. Then, we develop a semantic analysis of the noun pied focusing on the notion of stability viewed as a way to express the idea of ‘standing in a vertical position’.
  • La crisi moderna come visione: Pirandello, Szentkuthy ed il modernismo
    Author Kerber, Balázs
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 31-43
    Abstract This paper focuses on the relation of Pirandello and Szentkuthy with the phenomenon of modernity. The two artists – despite their stylistic and genre differences – analyse the problems of the modern existential crisis in a very similar way. They interpret the crisis through powerful rhetorical images, and the importance of vision shows the deficiency of theoretical language and thinking. The vision becomes a method to examine the inner world. A certain parody of the philosophical language and systemizing attitude helps us understand the futility of fixed theories. The paper mainly examines some of Pirandello’s narrative works, his noted essay on the modern crisis, Arte e coscienza d’oggi, his last and incomplete play, I giganti della montagna and Szentkuthy’s poetics in the 1930s through some of his novels. The analysis and the comparison will perhaps demonstrate some interesting common motives in the modern interpretation of literary vision.
  • La metafora nell’Epistola Posteritati di Francesco Petrarca: Un approccio cognitivista
    Author Boghiu, Maria
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 45-57
    Abstract Metaphors have been long considered just some other figures of speech but this perspective has lately changed due to the cognitivist approach which considers the metaphor a fundamental tool of our conceptual system allowing abstract reasoning. In the light of this approach, I propose an analysis of the metaphors in Petrarch’s Letter to Posterity along with a picture of the conceptual schemes outlined by the text. This means both image-metaphors, which are still recognizable as figures of speech, and lexicalized-metaphors, in which the language user fails to perceive the metaphorical connections between the source-domain and the target-domain. The analysis of these connections is followed by a quantitative analysis, which allows us to recognize the most representative schemes and the most productive source domains. Besides that, a Latin text of a bilingual author allows us to follow the steps of a metaphorical expression in diachrony, that is, to check whether the expression is productive or not, and if it can be found in contemporary Romance languages, with a special focus on Italian.
  • La estructura informativa en la enseñanza del español como lengua extranjera
    Author Bánki, Timea
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 59-70
    Abstract In free word order languages the word order is only apparently free, the information structure of the sentence strongly influences the succession of constituents. In these languages, there exists a kind of organizing principle which can be described and taught. Contemporary linguistics focuses on the information structure of different languages; however, we can find few traces of their results in second language acquisition and in textbooks. Classroom research also focuses on students’ knowledge of information structure and not on how this knowledge can be incorporated into foreign language studies. In my work I will try to answer the following questions: which fundamentals of information structure should be built into the teaching of Spanish as a second language in Hungary? To what extent do the results of a classroom experiment support the above questions?
  • Elementi del dramma antico nell’opera Pescatori di Raffaele Viviani. Delineazione della questione
    Author Sterna, Marta
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 71-86
    Abstract The ancient Greek drama after so many centuries has still been an indisputable source of inspiration for contemporary European playwrights, including those from Italy. Raffaele Viviani, regarded as one of the most prominent authors of the Neapolitan theatre in the 20th century, together with his work Pescatori (The Fishermen), published in 1925, can be a perfect example of it. The work is a unique research material with regard to its connections to antiquity. It is rich in elements that are not only related to the tradition of Greek drama but also, in certain cases, mirror its classical patterns. The aim of this article is to point to those inspirations. Due to the fact that the subject has not been discussed in any scientific publication and, taking into account that it is a very extensive question deserving to be analysed in detail, this article outlines the matter and points to further directions in terms of the research subjects that I undertook.
  • Boccaccio fra la “misoginia” del Corbaccio e il “femminismo” del De mulieribus claris
    Author Molnár, Annamária
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 87-98
    Abstract Boccaccio’s concept of women has been raising a number of questions for centuries, to which the scientific research often gave extreme answers. Among these questions the most frequent one may be a stereotyped “misogynious Boccaccio” point of view, based on his Corbaccio, but leaving out of consideration his other works. But what reasons led to this opinion? How could a misread part of Decameron (VIII,7) support it? Is this kind of blame righteous on Boccaccio? To answer this problem the researcher should not only thoroughly investigate Corbaccio and provide an overview of the full Boccaccian oeuvre but also clarify certain questions of literary genres and traditions of Ancient and Medieval literature that have fallen into oblivion.
  • Identificación y diferenciación lingüísticas de los gitanos boyash de Hungría
    Author Rosenberg, Mátyás
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 99-117
    Abstract There are thousands of gypsies in Hungary and its neighboring countries, living mainly in small settlements or villages speaking varieties of so called Boyash/Bayash. The varieties in question have been regarded both as dialects of the Romanian language, and as dialects of an Ausbau language. They are also known as “Vlach”, “Rudari”, “tub-makers” or “spoon-carvers”, with reference to their language and by their traditional occupation, respectively. According to earlier research, the Boyash were divided by researchers into various ethnic subgroups, each of them self-identifying as Boyash, forming a relatively coherent community, and speaking clearly related language varieties. Relying on my fieldwork data, my recent research suggests that the linguistic situation of the communities using dialects related to Romanian as their mother tongue are much more heterogeneous and complex. In my paper, I discuss some of the language-related questions.
  • Espugnazione per negati: La fortezza di Kanizsa al centro di un trattato secentesco di arte militare
    Author Szovák, Márton
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 119-127
    Abstract The Discorso sopra l’espugnatione della fortezza di Canissa of Federico Ghislieri is a peculiar example of the changes in scientific literature at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries. In a letter to an Italian prince, Ghislieri outlined his plans to occupy the fortress of Kanizsa relying on his own experiences at the siege of the same stronghold in 1601. In this paper, I first make an attempt to place this work in the oeuvre of Ghislieri, and then I examine the characteristics of the genre of the letter.
  • Chant et regard médusant – Maurice Carême : Médua
    Author Tóth, Ágnes
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 129-139
    Abstract The subject of this study is Médua, a short story by Maurice Carême that incorporates all kinds of features one can encounter in fantastic literature: unexpected, supernatural elements, madness, duplication, metamorphosis. The short story is analyzed from the point of view of how physical interactions and their representations appear in it, especially the face and the eyes. The desire to understand the inconceivable leads us to the question of artistic identification, the profession of writing. Artistic responsibility does not only entail joy but also fear. To illustrate this, the writer uses the mythological story of Medusa as an allegory for the transfixing and cathartic force of writing.
  • Simon Leys et Charles Paron face à la Révolution culturelle : Lieux d’énonciation et constructions de l’événement
    Author Schaub, Michael
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category RODOSZ/4
    Pages pp. 141-152
    Abstract This paper aims to show that the place of enunciation influences the production of utterances about the discursive construction of events happening in another society. We take the example of two Belgian writers, Simon Leys and Charles Paron, who lived in Hong Kong and Beijing respectively during the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966–1976). The places where they lived induced original analyses and isolated them from their social fields, even beyond their ideological positions. We first study their relationship with both the Chinese Cultural Revolution and the discursive productions about it in Europe, and what drove them to write in forms that were unusual to them. We then analyze the conditions of construction of the representations of the revolution.