Articles of the selected category in Verbum:

  • Género gramatical y lengua española
    Author Devís Márquez, P. Pablo
    Issue Vol. XIX/2018/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 271-298
    Abstract Grammatical gender has caused controversial discussions between linguists and between people outside linguistics. This article does absolutely not pretend to create more controversy and its goals are: (1) to suggest an alternative definition of gender as grammatical category and to define the means to express it in Spanish; (2) to deal with the incompatibility between proper noun and our concept of grammatical gender, as well as with the restrictions of pronouns with grammatical gender, and (3) at the same time as we analyse the acceptability of three arguments that usually are used to characterise Spanish as a sexist language, we propose an alternative characterisation of gender distinction in this language.
  • Per un dizionario dell'italiano burocratico
    Author Pace, Bruno
    Issue Vol. XVIII/2017/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 175-188
    Abstract In this paper we present our research project which aims to create a dictionary of bureaucratic Italian. We start by defining the area of interest, and how it has been considered by linguists. We will see how bureaucratic terms are recorded in the main contemporary dictionaries. Then we illustrate how we intend to implement our work: we will build a corpus of selected texts, from which we will get the list of headwords, and plan the format for each entry and the general structure of our dictionary. We expect that this work may be useful in the studies of the bureaucratic language and may encourage further projects.
  • The "untamed" /s/ of Italian dialects: An overview of the singular behaviour of Italo-Romance sibilants
    Author Huszthy, Bálint
    Issue Vol. XVIII/2017/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 189-214
    Abstract Sibilants cause several problems in phonology, especially /s/, and especially in Romance linguistics. This paper offers a general overview of the issue of preconsonantal /s/ in Italian dialects as far as its distributional problems are concerned. We will consider its position in the syllable, palatalisation processes, its behaviour in voice assimilation and its deletion. Special sections will be devoted to the case of “Neapolitan s”, which includes six allophones of the /s/ phoneme, and to an OT-account of /sC/-palatalisation in Italian dialects, which is an attempt of unifying theory in order to analyse different /sC/-palatalisation processes as a phonologically uniform phenomena.
  • Tres escritores de Nueva España como autoridad literaria en el primer diccionario de la Real Academia Española
    Author Gómez-Pablos, Beatriz
    Issue Vol. XVIII/2017/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 215-230
    Abstract The present work focuses on three Mexican writers in the Diccionario de Autoridades (Dictionary of Authorities) (1726–1739), by providing information about the authors and their work. Secondly, it describes how academics authorized words in the Dictionary from two points of view: numerically and the use of “Americanisms”. Finally, it tries to explain some nuances that the concept of “authority” involves.
  • Su una lettura saussurianaa
    Author Paolini, Michele
    Issue Vol. XVIII/2017/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 231-243
    Abstract The initial aim of this paper was to analyse, in the form of a brief informative book review, Massimo Prampolini’s work Ferdinand de Saussure (Roma, Carocci editore, 2017). This book aroused such a lively interest that it has prompted us to expand our original project. Current readings of Saussure’s work can be summarised as follows: an “early Saussure”, based on the publication of the Cours de linguistique générale (1916); a “second Saussure”, witnessed by his Écrits de linguistique générale (2002), documenting the research directed towards the philological study of the Swiss linguist’s manuscripts, and a “third Saussure”, “esoteric”, developed in the “theory of anagrams”, as can be seen in Saussure’s notes, for a long time unconsidered because unpublished, and unpublished because scientifically unsolved. The “second Saussure” offers the reader the most convincing multifaceted view of language which can be achieved today by reading Saussurean studies.
  • Intrighi macabri: Alla scoperta dell’accento ungherese nel parlare l’italiano
    Author Huszthy, Bálint
    Issue Vol. XVII/2016/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 149-194
    Abstract Hungarians who speak Italian fluently usually commit several pronunciation mistakes. These mistakes go unnoticed, even by native Italians because of the extreme dialectal fragmentation of Italian. However, the recurrent phonetic and phonological features of the Hungarian foreign accent show great differences compared to any Italian varieties. The aim of this paper is to collect and analyse the most common phonetic and phonological characteristics of the foreign accent of Hungarians while speaking Italian, and possibly help them avoid the most obvious mistakes, or, where it is not possible, at least make them realise the Hungarian aspects of their speech that affect their pronunciation of Italian.
  • Caratteristiche strutturali di cifrari monoalfabetici italiani nei secoli XV e XVI
    Author W. Somogyi, Judit
    Issue Vol. XVII/2016/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 195-217
    Abstract This paper analyzes some structural characteristics of Italian monoalphabetical code books from the 14th and 15th centuries. Usually, each cipher key represents the symbols and the principal rules of a different cipher system. First, we present the general parts of the tables, then we examine these parts in detail collecting their various safety elements. For the evaluation and description of the security system of each code book a scale is presented which has two main aspects: the measures of substitution of the alphabetical letters by ciphers, and the numbers and the nature of the safety elements. In our corpus, in addition to complete cipher keys, there is also a reconstructed cipher obtained by the parsing of coded and decoded texts of Maffeo di Treviglio.
  • La varietà delle parlate ladine
    Author Salvi, Giampaolo
    Issue Vol. XVII/2016/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 218-256
    Abstract The article describes the main linguistic features of the Ladin varieties spoken in the Dolomites. After a general introduction and some notes on the external history of these varieties, we give a concise description of Ladin (historical) phonetics and of the nominal and verbal morphology. A more in-depth description is dedicated to syntax in comparison with the neighboring Northern Italian dialects.
  • Definizione lessicografica e definizione scientifica: Il problema della selezione contestuale e circostanziale
    Author Paolini, Michele
    Issue Vol. XVI/2015/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 203-218
    Abstract We want to highlight the importance of some general questions about the research on definition. Mechanisms of selection based on context and circumstance determine the activation of operations aimed at specific parts of the global semantic field to which the single definitions relate. The definitions indicate the properties considered essential for these portions of the semantic field. In this regard, we have tested the existence of different levels of semantic organization of definitions. In particular, one explicit and one implicit. Finally, we observed several problems regarding the demarcation between lexicographical definition and definition of technical and scientific terms.
  • Propositions disloquées dans le français parlé
    Author Horváth, Márton Gergely
    Issue Vol. XVI/2015/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 219-242
    Abstract The aim of this paper is to provide a corpus-based analysis of clausal dislocation in spoken French. Two major types of structure are examined: clausal left dislocation and clausal right dislocation. We argue that clausal left dislocation is a topic-marking dislocation construction, as its pragmatic and prosodic features are comparable to those of noun phrase left dislocation. This does not always hold true of clausal right dislocation, because the distinction between clausal right dislocation and extraposition is often problematic, especially when spontaneous speech data are examined.
  • Conservatività come caratteristica fonologica in sincronia: Geminazione preconsonantica in italiano meridionale
    Author Huszthy, Bálint
    Issue Vol. XVI/2015/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 243-262
    Abstract Italian is a "conservative" language, mostly from a synchronic phonetic and phonological point of view. The conservatism of Italian phonology is most prominent in southern varieties, and it is well analysable through the phenomenon of preconsonantal stopgemination. In this paper I analyse the pronunciation of eleven Italian informants who read sample-phrases with stop + consonant clusters. I claim that Southern Italians usually geminate the first segment of the ill-formed cluster. This gemination process is due to the conservatism of Southern Italian phonology, which requires epenthetic processes rather than deletion or lenition, targeting the conservation of each element of the input form.
  • La influencia de la lengua inglesa en la crónica social del siglo XIX
    Authors Vázquez-Amador, María
    Lario-de-Oñate, M. Carmen
    Issue Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 251-270
    Abstract The press is a reflection of the reality of an era, its society, customs, interests and anything that conveys knowledge of the events happening. This paper aims to examine the Anglicisms related to the social news included in the Spanish press published between the mid 18th century and 19th century. These voices were timidly entering the Spanish newspapers in order to describe the entertainment and the parties high society attended. The Anglicisms will be analyzed in order to determine whether they have lingered into the Spanish language and whether they have been admitted in the different editions of the Royal Spanish Academy Dictionary.
  • Corpo della frase e periferia sinistra nella frase toscana antica
    Author Righi, Federico
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.2.9
    Pages pp. 383-422
    Keywords Old Italian, left periphery, focalization, verb movement, clitics
    Abstract This paper focuses on a possible reinterpretation of the syntactic structure of the Old Italian sentence: some dislocations of the finite verb (V) and of its arguments could be due not to purely syntactic but also to pragmatic reasons, namely they're realized in order to give a specific interpretation to the sentence as a whole. Attention will be especially given to OV and V1 orders, resorting to the data drawn from some Medieval Italian texts (in particular, the Novellino and what is known as the Tristano Riccardiano). The article concludes with some remarks about the syntax of the clitic forms and some guidelines for the future studies about this topic.
  • Sense and Reference in the Translation of Legal Documents
    Author Loiacono, Rocco
    Issue Vol. XIII/2012/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.2.10
    Pages pp. 423-440
    Keywords legal translation, English, Italian, sense, reference
    Abstract Legal language, as a language for special purposes, contains terms or concepts that are peculiar to that language because of the history and cultural development of the legal system to which that language pertains. This means that there are terms that can only be understood (or have meaning) in the context of that legal culture and language. Furthermore, a legal term or concept in one language may not have a corresponding term (or referent) in another language. Thus, legal concepts or terms have a particularmeaning to readers of a particular legal culture, as well as having a referential function, in that they denote a certain legal concept or notion that has developed in that culture, which emphasizes the specialized nature of the relevant legal language. For this reason, scholars have defined legal terms as "cultural items". Legal translators are faced with the asymmetry of legal systems and the resulting incongruity of legal concepts and terms. This problem arises as legal terms are embedded in the legal culture in which they have developed. Many scholars now assert that a detailed knowledge of both source and target legal terminology and cultures is essential when translating legal texts. As a key to obtaining the required knowledge that such an approach demands, this paper will explore the possibility that legal concepts and terms, are able to be viewed or treated as if they were proper names, as they have a specific meaning and a referential function to a specific concept, in a given legal language or culture. This possibility emerges from a re-evalution of the definition of proper names that has been undertaken in recent times. From this re-evaluation a theory has emerged that posits that words or expressions previously not considered as proper names, can now potentially be viewed as such.
    With particular regard to the concepts of sense and reference, I will apply this hypothesis in analysing the translation of legal documents from English to Italian and vice versa.
  • Un exemple d'application de la sémantique cognitive - le cas des articles en français
    Author Cusimano, Christophe
    Issue Vol. XII/2010/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.2.9
    Pages pp. 349-375
    Keywords cognitive semantics, cognitive linguistics, concept, articles, teaching French
    Abstract Since cognitive linguistics has become such an influent theory in the theoretical debate around the world, we first examine the real breakthroughs of this approach, particularly of its semantic side. We then put this conceptual approach to the test by trying to apply it to one of the most problematic areas in French language learning/teaching: articles and the conceptual distinctions they reveal.
  • Le regroupement lexical - étude comparée de deux dictionnaires unilingues hongrois et français
    Author Fouilleul, Thierry
    Issue Vol. XII/2010/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.2.10
    Pages pp. 376-391
    Keywords lexicography, dictionary, macrostructure, lexical grouping
    Abstract This paper deals with the problem of lexical grouping in two monolingual dictionaries of considerably different languages: on the one hand Robert méthodique, a dictionary of French, on the other Magyar Értelmez? Kéziszótár, a dictionary of Hungarian. As the Hungarian model, lacking in a coherent theoretical basis, seems inadequate, a new approach is being suggested with examples from the letter A/Á. The final part of the paper studies the effects of this new model on the macrostructure, especially as far as readability is concerned.
  • Centro e periferia nella sintassi dell'infinito italiano e latino
    Author Szilágyi, Imre
    Issue Vol. XII/2010/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.1.8
    Pages pp. 121-140
    Keywords control, subject, raising, nominal features, verbal features
    Abstract In the present paper we compare the infinitive structures of Modern Italian and Classical Latin, considering the results of modern linguistics and the dichotomy of centre and periphery. We demonstrate that whereas in modern Italian control structures dominate, in Latin this role is played by the accusative with infinitive. However, the phenomenon of control can be observed in Latin as well even though to a much less extent and under stronger limitations than in Italian. Raising structures have an important role in both languages: their most conspicuous manifestation in Latin is the nominative with infinitive. Another difference between these two languages is that whereas in Italian the infinitive structures show a greater variety (beyond the above mentioned ones there are causative, articled infinitive structures and so on), in Latin practically three structures (accusative with infinitive, nominative with infinitive and control structure) cover the whole range of infinitive structures.
  • Algunas características aspectuales de los verbos de percepción física en español: ver frente a mirar
    Author Devís Márquez, P. Pablo
    Issue Vol. XII/2010/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.1.9
    Pages pp. 141-156
    Keywords Spanish, verbs of sensorial perception, Aktionsart, aspect, syntax
    Abstract The aim of this paper is to comment on some particular aspectual characteristics of the verbs of sensorial perception in Present-Day Spanish and the differences of syntactic behaviour that these characteristics suppose. The interrelation between aspectual information and syntax, just as it happens with other types of verbs, seems evident. In the particular case of the pair ver-mirar, we propose that aspectual characteristics do not only entail diversity of syntactic structures but also lexical differences.
  • El nexo copulativo en húngaro y en español
    Author Rózsavári, Nóra
    Issue Vol. XII/2010/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.1.10
    Pages pp. 157-163
    Keywords copula, classification, identification, permanent quality, inherent quality
    Abstract The Hungarian verb van ‘to be' may be rendered in Spanish by two verbs: ser and estar. The translation of van depends on the structure in which these two verbs appear. When the copula is followed by a noun, pronoun or the preposition de and a noun, there is an obligatory use of ser. It is used without a preposition to identify or to classify. When it classifies, it can take the preposition de. Estar always takes a preposition. It may indicate the function performed by the subject or it may indicate various other things depending on the preposition. When the verb is followed by an adjective, ser expresses a permanent or inherent quality, estar expresses a quality which is neither permanent nor inherent. Sometimes both verbs may be used with the same adjective, but there is a change of meaning.
  • Analisi contrastiva delle costruzioni infinitive introdotte da un determinante in italiano e in spagnolo
    Author Szilágyi, Imre
    Issue Vol. XI/2009/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.11.2009.1.9
    Pages pp. 129-152
    Keywords nominal and verbal features, mixed construction, expression of the subject, control
    Abstract The present study aims at drawing a comparison between the 'article + infinitive' constructions in Italian and Spanish. The comparative analysis will tackle both structural questions and the use of these constructions in the two languages. It will be argued that in spite of the extensive similarity of the infinitive preceded by an article (or any other determiner) in Italian and Spanish there are some important divergences that should be noted, too: Italian displays three, Spanish only two subtypes of the basic pattern. Our contrastive analysis allows us to make some more general observations concerning the syntax of Italian and Spanish, in particular with regards to the expression of the subject.
  • Phrases figées illocutoires: quelle interprétation sémantique?
    Author Náray-Szabó, Márton
    Issue Vol. XI/2009/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.11.2009.1.10
    Pages pp. 153-165
    Keywords idiomaticity, illocutionary act, bound utterance, morphological constraint, French
    Abstract Bound utterances like A votre santé!; Tu vois!; Ça va! are frequent reactions to more or less well-defined speech situations. Many of them bear idiomatic properties, even though linguists sometimes do not regard them as such. We first give an account on discourse acts from a lexicalist point of view, that is, in terms of argument structure. After that, we provide a full analysis on illocutionary frozen sentences based on the notion of illocutionary predicate. Parting from these theoretical considerations, we discuss the results of an investigation carried out on some 200 French expressions. Examined features are morphological, lexical and syntactical constraints. As a result, evidence is shown that idiomaticity in these utterances has properties that no other types possess.
  • I giovani e la comunicazione mediata dal computer: osservazioni linguistiche su nuove forme di alfabetizzazione
    Author Gheno, Vera
    Issue Vol. XI/2009/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.11.2009.1.11
    Pages pp. 167-187
    Keywords sociolinguistics, juvenile language, computer-mediated communication, computermediated knowledge, Italian
    Abstract This paper first presents some facts about the cultural background of young Italian people, showing subsequently a selection of the well-established characters of spoken and written juvenile Italian. Then it moves over to discuss the technological situation of Italy, also presenting a choice of widely recognized peculiarities of the language of Italian Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) and showing that many of them are linked to a juvenile linguistic background. The paper then discusses the influence that computers and computermediated knowledge might have on the juvenile cultural world, presenting also some opinions about these two types of language (juvenile language and CMC), considered by some as marginal or even dangerous for the "integrity" of the Italian language. Regarding this issue, the author states - recalling a well-established scientific tradition - that the mostmature behavior would be to consider every variety of Italian - even the humblest - as equally relevant and linguistically interesting, although it is pivotal to use it in the right way and in the correct context.
  • Effet d'archipel: Autour de l'opposition passé composé/passé simple
    Author Bors, Edit
    Issue Vol. X/2008/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.2.4
    Pages pp. 341-350
    Keywords passé composé, passé simple, psychological distance, narrative disjunction, Camus, Rousseau, Proust
    Abstract This paper deals with the opposition between French passé composé and passé simple in fictional and some other texts. The author focuses on two questions in relation to the notions of island/isolation, namely the function and interpretation of the passé simple inserted into a discoursive context, and the use of the passé composé as a narrative tense, by commenting examples from Camus, Rousseau and Proust. It is argued that such phenomena are closely connected with psychological distance in the case of the passé simple, and with narrative disjunction in the case of the passé composé.
  • Islas Lingüísticas Dentro del Dominio Español: El Caso del Vasco y del Náhuatl
    Author Petkova, Ingrid
    Issue Vol. X/2008/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.2.5
    Pages pp. 351-364
    Keywords Basque, Nahuatl, Spanish, minority, linguistic island
    Abstract Basque and Nahuatl are special in that they form certain kinds of islands in the Spanish-speaking world. Both languages differ fromSpanish: Basque is not an Indo-European language, its origin is unknown; Nahuatl belongs to the Uto-Aztec language family. Basque is an agglutinating, whereas Nahuatl is an incorporating language. Both live in a close coexistence with Spanish, which is one of the most common spoken languages in the world. In spite of this co-existence with the dominant Spanish language and culture for centuries, Basque- and Nahuatl-speaking minorities have preserved their identity and vitality. This paper intends to give a brief overview of Basque and Nahuatl, linguistic policy, as well as literature in these two languages.
  • Îlot Textuel et D'Autres Formes de la Représentation du Discours Autre dans un Corpus de Textes de Presse
    Author Chovancová, Katarína
    Issue Vol. X/2008/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.2.6
    Pages pp. 365-374
    Keywords pragmalinguistics, journalistic text, reported speech, quotation marks
    Abstract The paper focuses on the presence of reported speech in journalistic texts. It concentrates on the role of quotation marks as introducers of reported speech elements, marking not only voices different from the author's one, but also pieces of reference sets that are not his own. Words and segments introduced by quotation marks thus show fragments of foreign discourses and foreign individual and social identities. The distance taken by the journalist from the other people's words will be examined on a corpus of French journalistic texts.
  • La Escritura de la Lengua Judeo-Española
    Author Czöndör, Klára
    Issue Vol. X/2008/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.1.6
    Pages pp. 79-97
    Keywords Sephardic Jews, Judeo-Spanish, Hebrew, writing systems, Spain
    Abstract This paper discusses the writing system of the Sephardic Jews, who were expelled from the Iberian peninsula in 1492. After a short description of the history of the Spanish Jews, the Jewish languages are described in general, then the Judeo-Spanish language in particular. In connection with the writing systemof the language under discussion, a detailed description is provided of the varieties that use Hebrew characters when writing in Spanish, followed by an account of the systems that came into existence following the introduction of the writing system based on Latin letters. Related to the orthography of the Judeo-Spanish language, the pros and cons of the writing system using diacritics and the "Aki Yerushalayim system" are discussed. Issues such as the maintenance of the language and its standardization are also touched upon.
  • Dialetti Italiani "Esportati" Nell'Ottocento TRA Europa Meridionale e Mediterraneo (Per una Mappatura delle Sopravvivenze Comunitarie e delle Eredità)
    Author Toso, Fiorenzo
    Issue Vol. X/2008/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.1.7
    Pages pp. 99-120
    Keywords emigration, Italian dialects abroad, linguistic community, linguistic minority, language contact
    Abstract This paper examines the historical events and the linguistic consequences of a number of migratory movements from Italy to Southern European and Mediterranean countries between the end of the 17th century and the first few decades of the 18th century. Such directions and destinations are lesser known than those migrations generally associated "historically" with Italian emigration (North and South America, and, more recently, Northern Europe and Australia); nevertheless, the linguistic heritage of such movements is still very much alive or else has become extinct in only very recent times. Those who migrated from Veneto and Trentino to the Balcans, from Puglia to Crimea, the Sicilians who emigrated to Tunisia, the Piedmontese who went to province, the Ligurians who moved to various locations from Gibraltar to the Black Sea, all gave birth to small linguistic communities, to real dialectal koinès, to important phenomena of mixing codes and lexical borrowing from the local languages. An overall picture will be built up in order to evaluate the importance of these phenomena and to posit a series of hypotheses of a sociolinguistic and political nature.
  • La morfologia verbale del milanese antico di Bonvesin dra Riva
    Author Domokos, György
    Issue Vol. IX/2007/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.9.2007.2.9
    Pages pp. 261-277
    Keywords Bonvesin, volgare, Milanese, verbal morphology, Middle Ages
    Abstract Bonvesin dra Riva was the most important author of Milan in the late Middle Ages. His works are partly in Latin and partly in medieval Milanese volgare. The goal of the present paper is to offer a complete scheme of verbal morphology of his language.
  • L'autocitation à travers la structure ADVment parlant
    Author Mora, Luisa
    Issue Vol. IX/2007/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.9.2007.2.10
    Pages pp. 279-290
    Keywords self-citation, adverbial structure, neologisms, French, syntax
    Abstract Taking into account the concept of 'self-citation' as ‘literal reproduction, word by word, of someone's words (cf. the prefix auto-) in order to indicate the right scope to understand sentences', the paper intends to analyse the relation between elements inside the adverbial structure "ADVment parlant" where 'ADVment' is understood as 'point of view adverbs'. The paper presents an analysis of the nature of the relation between the adverbial structure and the sentence which is related to it. A new concept will be introduced - close to what is referred to as the parenthétique character of these adverbs - the parenthésique character, which appears only when they the adverbs are used in final position. There, "self-citation" emerges unleashing a range of cognitive procedures.
  • Un Testimone Glossato In Volgare Toscano Antico Dei Vangeli
    Author Huszthy, Alma
    Issue Vol. IX/2007/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.9.2007.1.3
    Pages pp. 29-51
    Keywords Bible, early Bible translations, Tuscany, Italy, Middle Ages
    Abstract The results of recent research display an unequal distribution of early Bible translations in the Italian peninsula with a definite focus on Tuscany. Through the text analysis of a Florentine testimony, Corsiniano 1830 (kept at the Biblioteca Corsiniana in Rome), the present article wishes to sketch the aspects of a presumable Bible translation attitude and style of Italian scriptural texts in the Middle Ages. Diplomatic and interpretative transcriptions form the basis of the linguistic examination of the translation.
  • Las categorías idiomáticas del español
    Author Campos Carrasco, Nuria
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.2.6
    Pages pp. 335-370
    Keywords verbal categories, idiomatic categories, theory of language, description of languages
    Abstract The definition of noun, adjective, verb and adverb currently does not find a general agreement in the scope of Hispanic linguistics. There have been many definitions with various different criteria. Thus, morphological, lexical, syntactic and even logical arguments have been used. Such diversity in the use of criteria is translated in an accumulation of definitions that vary from author to author and which results in the cataloguing of noun, adjective, verb and adverb representatives based on currents or on individual authors. Since, as it seems to be generally recognised, examples of each of the groups exist in more than one language it seems advisable to try to establish definitions that leave apart the particularities of each language and gather the essence of the noun, adjective, verb and adverb beings. The location of representatives of each of these categories and the description of the schemes in which they materialized will correspond to the scope of each language (that is, the determination of the idiomatic categories in each language). We present here a classification of these idiomatic categories applied to Spanish.
  • Les termes juridiques français et slovaques du point de vue de leur formation et de leur motivation
    Author Kupčihová, Katarína
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.2.7
    Pages pp. 373-383
    Keywords juridical terminology, word-formation, compound, compounding, intralinguistic motivation
    Abstract The paper focuses on a highly specific lexical field of juridical terminology. The analysis of the word-formation process, which is generally called compounding, takes into consideration two types of coining new words in French, "proper" and "improper" compounding. These two types are compared to their Slovak equivalents in order to investigate differences in their motivation.
  • Faute de langue, faute de traduction
    Author Pleciński, Jacek
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.2.8
    Pages pp. 385-389
    Keywords translation error, idiomatic expression, target language, situational level in translation, subtitles
    Abstract This paper highlights the difference between linguistic error and translation error. In doing so so, the author provides an analysis of two "extreme" translations. The first one, by a Polish female student of French, cumulates all imaginable mistakes (concerning both comprehension and translation into the foreign language). The second one is a one-sentence subtitle from a film, inadvertently translated from Spanish into (native) Polish. The translation (which should have been carried out with a word-for-word translation) was put into Polish by the translator using a dynamic equivalent of an idiomatic expression. The dynamic equivalent does not match the scene in the film.
  • Autour de la retraduction: Sur l'exemple des traductions françaises de Pan Tadeusz
    Author Skibińska, Elżbieta
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.2.9
    Pages pp. 391-406
    Keywords retranslation, intercultural relations, culturebound terms in translation, French translation, Polish literature in france
    Abstract The phenomenon of retranslation may be accounted for in a number of ways. Some of the commonly mentioned factors are: the ageing of the existing translation(s), the necessity to introduce corrections or improvements, and commercial reasons, too. Some case studies show that other factors can lead to retranslation, namely those resulting from the needs of the target culture. The present paper offers yet another possible explantion. The case of several French renditions of the Polish national epic Pan Tadeusz (1834) by Adam Mickiewicz, shows that the needs of the original culture can also motivate retranslation.
  • Unités polylexicales dans le cadre du syntagme nominal
    Author Sliwa, Dorota
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/2
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.2.10
    Pages pp. 407-415
    Keywords polylexical units, idioms, collocations, compound nouns, substantival syntagmes
    Abstract The present article is a terminological reflection on lexical units within substantival syntagmes, such as idioms, collocations and compound nouns. A short introduction on polylexical units on the N+Adj model underlines the variety of possible terminological confusions, and puts forward a new criterion aiming at defining the peculiar linguistical status of polylexical units. It is necessary indeed to take the duality of the reference and actualization levels into consideration.
  • La figura di Luigi Luciano Bonaparte nella linguistica ottocentesca
    Author Lupinu, Giovanni
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.1.10
    Pages pp. 129-151
    Keywords Luigi Luciano Bonaparte, linguistics, dialectology, history of linguistics, Sardinian language
    Abstract Prince Louis Lucien Bonaparte (1813–1891) was an important pioneer in the field of Basque, English, Italian and Sardinian dialectology, who deserves a much better treatment than what he has received in modern books of history of linguistics. The main aim of this research is to give more accurate information on this subject.
  • L'objet de la DLE
    Author Boyon, Jérôme
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.1.11
    Pages pp. 155-162
    Keywords didactics of foreign languages, pre-reading tasks, Quintilian, reduction, epistemology
    Abstract The paper aims to characterize the reading task as a situation in which it is the communicative reader that leads the dialogue. By formulating hypotheses, the learner poses questions to the text which will answer. In this case, the demarcation between speaking and written language is not pertinent. The prereading tasks also presuppose the validity of the notion of "category" that help reduce the text to a few descriptive parameters. Classroomactivities are arguments that weaken the eclectic and post-communicativist criticisms addressed to the communicative approach by pointing out an non-reducible personality of the learner. Another weak point of these criticisms resides in the history of epistemology. Francis Bacon also plead for a non-reducible personality of the substance and unhappily predicted that chemistry as a science was impossible to be founded.
  • Vers une théorisation de la distinction entre l'oral et l'écrit
    Author Chovancová, Katarína
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.1.12
    Pages pp. 163-169
    Keywords spoken language, written language, computer mediated discourse, copresence of interacting partners, feedback
    Abstract Different kinds of computer mediated communication combine contradictory properties. On one hand, there are typical features of spoken language, on the other, there are parameters traditionally associated to written productions. We propose three levels of distinction between spoken and written language: material form, conditions of production, and structure of the final product. Spoken and written language, conceived as two different strategies of expression, cannot be limited to the material realization of language. Other parameters to be taken into consideration are the co-presence of the interacting partners and, consequently, the possibility of direct feedback. Some discourse have mixed characteristics, situating themselves between the ideal categories of spoken and written language.
  • Parler en écrivant: le lexique des internautes français
    Author Gajos, Mieczysław
    Issue Vol. VIII/2006/1
    Category Linguistica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.1.13
    Pages pp. 171-180
    Keywords word formation, cyberspeech, lexical reductions, glottodidactics, on-line chat
    Abstract On-line "chat" communication combines elements of speech and writing. Specific lexical forms arise which characterize such cyberspeech. The paper provides an analysis of lexical forms underlying the discourse of on-line chats. It also attempts to answer the question of whether native forms of on-line communication should be tackled as part of foreign language teaching.
  • La función del modo narrativo frente al factor autobiográfico (yo y él) en La muerte de Artemio Cruz
    Author Rodríguez-Mansilla, Fernando
    Issue Vol. VII/2005/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 119-129
    Abstract In Carlos Fuentes's work we can witness, as with many other Boom writers, the proposal of a novel innovation through subverting traditional writing genres. Specifically, in La Muerte de Artemio Cruz, there seems to be an opposition between the narrative voice TÚ and the narrative voices YO and ÉL in order to establish a destruction of the conventional autobiographical discourse that the last two represent. In addition, TÚ openly denounces the chingada, an essential element of the Mexican social life which YO and ÉL defend and justify, so Fuentes goes beyond the proposed stylistic goal. Otherwise, after Aura, where the author introduces the TÚ form for the first time, the complex plot of Artemio Cruz's agony results in the success of the 'New Latin American Novel'.
  • Pour une approche polyphonique du journal intime
    Author Bors, Edit
    Issue Vol. VI/2004/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 229-240
    Abstract The genre of the intimate diary is a monophonic narration par excellence; nevertheless, it will be shown that even personal genres are not exempt from the presence of others. The purpose of the paper is to examine the occurrence of polyphonic marks based on some extract of young ladies' diaries collected and published by Lejeune. The analysis reaches the conclusion that others' words appear in the form of scriptural marks like quotation marks and metalinguistic comments which make it possible for the diarists to use and refuse at the same time any discourse borrowed from their social surroundings.
  • Semántica léxica y cultura lingüística: análisis del vocabulario metalingüístico del español
    Author Loureda Lamas, Óscar
    Issue Vol. VI/2004/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 241-253
    Abstract There is a wealth of bibliographic material available to the researcher who intends to understand the diVerent models of linguistic analysis. By contrast, far fewer pages have been devoted to the examination of the linguistic ideas implicit in languages, that is to say, to the investigation of the linguistic culture of a community. By means of linguistic cultural expression one can distinguish at least two difeerent realities: on the one hand, the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about the factors at play in the act of speaking and which in some manner determine it, and, on the other, the notions of language and speaking manifested by distinct languages in their difeerences. My article is concerned with this last element of cultural linguistics. Above all, I am interested in the communal evaluations which help each historical collective to identify their linguistic reality, inasmuch as they reveal a prescientific and intuitive conscience which does not respond to the criteria of any science, though they are not delimitations which seek to study the nature of this reality in detail. This does not mean, however, that they are therefore absurd or unnecessary; in reality they appear daily in the behaviour of the speakers of the language (including that of linguists).
  • Verbe de l'amour? Le verbe païr dans deux textes occitans
    Author Majorossy, Imre Gábor
    Issue Vol. VI/2004/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 255-273
    Abstract The following study shows metaphorical meanings of a verb (païr) that comes from the religious tradition. Two texts will be presented: a poem of Raimbaut d'Aurenga and an occitan short story. Both speak about love and both use païr in a somewhat unusual way. In the poem, païr expresses love of the Domna; in the short story, after their marriage, lovers take new names and the wife has one that contains païr. The study tries to reveal a possible literary relationship between semantic fields of païr and aimer.
  • I nomi di mestiere nel sardo
    Author Petrovszki Lajszki, Brigitta
    Issue Vol. VI/2004/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 275-283
    Abstract In her paper, the author presents results of her examination on profession names in the Sardinian language. This corpus prepared by the author and organised in cards shows the etymological composition and word formation of the names of professions.
  • Il vocabolario delle reggenze dei nomi italiani
    Authors Angelini, Maria Teresa
    Fábián, Zsuzsanna
    Issue Vol. V/2003/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 411-433
    Abstract In this article, the authors present their new dictionary of the valencies of about 550 Italian nouns, to be published in 2004. The structure of the dictionary is similar to previous Italian-Hungarian valencies dictionaries (published in 1996 and 1998, and also edited by the present authors): the argumental phrases of the selected lemmas (represented by the symbols currently in use in linguistics practice) are accompanied by examples collected from web pages on the Internet.
  • La morfologia del vocabolario fondamentale
    Author Kardos, Orsolya
    Issue Vol. V/2003/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 435-447
    Abstract This paper analyses the fundamental vocabulary of Italian from a morphological point of view. The goal is to provide an overview of the most diVused derivational processes and to check whether they can contribute to the enrichment of the vocabulary of language learners in a productive way. The results could be of interest for teachers as well as lexicographers.
  • Tra latino epigrafico e sardoromanzo: sulla datazione di alcuni sviluppi fonetici
    Author Lupinu, Giovanni
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 59-68
    Abstract The importance of inscriptional material in the study of Vulgar Latin and Romance linguistics is well known. This is true in the case of Sardinia, too: the history and the chronology of some phonetic developments of the Sardinian language (e.g., Lat. qu, gu > b(b); the prosthesis of i- before s- + consonant) can be better explained with the help of Latin inscriptional sources discovered in the island.
  • Algunos aragonesismos fonéticos y morfológicos en el Libro de Marco Polo de Juan Fernández de Heredia
    Author Rózsavári, Nóra
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 69-72
    Abstract When Libro de Marco Polo by Juan Fernández de Heredia was published in the 14th century, it was the most important corpus of Aragonese literature. The author of this paper determines the linguistic influences of the original dialect of Aragón tracable in the book.
  • La liberté dérivationnelle en ancien français
    Author Marádi, Krisztina
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 73-85
    Abstract In this study, the author provides a survey on a lexical aspect of Old French, namely the liberty of derivation with the prefixes entre-, mal- and mes-. The study presents the semantic components of these prefixes as well as a related morphological analysis. At the end of the paper, the author offers a possible explanation for the frequency of these prefixed forms.
  • La flessione nominale dal latino alle lingue romanze
    Author Morani, Moreno
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 87-101
    Abstract Only a consideration starting from the Indo-European age offers a correct point of view to investigate the collapse of the Latin nominal flection: an observation of Late Latin on the one hand and the ancient Romance languages on the other does not allow for a penetration into the question in its complexity. Latin represents an intermediate phase between the reconstructed Indo-European and the Romances languages: the marking of the relations of the nouns with other phrase elements in the Latin type prepositions and endings coexist, while in Romances languages prepositions are prevailing (but the development is slower in some areas, and we find declensions in the most archaic phase of French and Provençal, whereas remnants of declensions survive in modern Rumanian). There are various causes for the collapse of the nominal flection: they include the need to eliminate redundancies in the ancient system (endings coexist with vowel mutation, suppletivism and displacement of stress to individuate the cases) and the fact that many new linguistic categories appear for which an expression with a preposition plus a noun is obligatory, because the inventory of case endings is already closed in the most ancient Indo-European phase.
  • Il condizionale nei volgari italiani settentrionali
    Author Domokos, György
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 103-111
    Abstract In this paper, our aim is to show the different ways of language evolution through examples of conditional mode morphology in various Romance languages: unsuccessful solutions that remain isolated and die out, local ones that will not expand far off the centre of the innovation, and ‘mainstream' ones that, for one reason or other, affect a large number of related languages or dialects. The article focuses on medieval Northern Italian dialects, mainly 14th century Lombard where the three ways coexisted.
  • L'oggetto preposizionale nel ligure medievale
    Author Parry, Mair
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 113-126
    Abstract Prepositional objects are not usually associated with Northern Italian dialects, but a detailed analysis of medieval Ligurian texts reveals a number of examples that cannot be interpreted as datives. The data are consistent with the initial stage of the phenomenon in other Romance areas and the discussion highlights the complex origin of differential object marking.
  • Sintaxis medieval iberorrománica: la estructura de construcciones con verbo regente e infinitivo en textos españoles y portugueses medievales
    Author Berta, Tibor
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 127-138
    Abstract Spanish and Portuguese, the two most representative Iberoromance languages, coincide in having preserved the phenomenon of clitic promotion since ancient times. According to certain theories, the realization or non-realization of the promotion depend on the structural characteristics of the constructions made up of a regent verb and a dependent infinitive. The detailed analysis of the phenomenon mentioned above in a medieval and a modern corpus presented in this article demonstrates that, in spite of the apparent similarities, there are considerable differences between the structure of the constructions composed of a regent verb and an infinitive in the two periods.
  • L'ordine delle parole del dialetto toscano del tardo medioevo
    Author Szilágyi, Imre
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 139-146
    Abstract In the present article, we examine the word order of the late medieval Toscan dialect. The analysis is based on a corpus which dates back to the end of the 15th century, the Motti e facezie del Piovano Arlotto. First, we briefly present the word order of the late medieval Romance languages. Then we focus on the word order of the late medieval Toscan dialect and we show that all the characteristics observable in the medieval Romance languages (V2 phenomena, inversion, separation of the finite and non-finite for of the verb, etc.) are to be found also in our late medieval corpus. The apparently problematic case of the V1 order is given an account compatible with the old system (even though it assumes the presence of an adverb before the subject in the base order), and this account is also confirmed by examples which contain compound verb-forms.
  • Romeno antico e lingua della poesia popolare: il problema degli arcaismi
    Author Cepraga, Dan Octavian
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 147-166
    Abstract The language of Romanian oral poetry, especially that of narrative genres like wintersolstice songs (colinde) and epic songs (cîntece batrînesti), is marked by a large number of lexical and morphological archaisms. In this paper we analyse some lexical items (mohorît, pelita, a se nadai, a se mîneca, etc.) and a morphological phenomenon (the inversion of the auxiliary and the participle), to point out the relationship between the folk texts and the most ancient documents of Romanian (principally religious texts of the 16th and 17th century).
  • Per una storia del volgare a Genova tra Quattro e Cinquecento
    Author Toso, Fiorenzo
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 167-201
    Abstract The present paper deals with the history of the vulgar in Genova in the 15th and 16th century. As a starting point, the author discusses the very close relationship between the city's political and literary-linguistic history. It is shown that two systems had coexisted since the Middle Ages: one in enconomastic poems and another for vernacular ones. The period examined was already a time of subordination for Genova compared with Tuscany; therefore, it is important that we show the elements of the vulgar in different types of texts.
  • La Historia Orientalis de Jacques de Vitry en traducciones castellanas de los siglos XIV-XV. Apuntes para una teoría de la traducción medieval
    Author Cioba, Mianda
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 203-220
    Abstract The present paper aims to provide specific material for a functionalist perspective over the mutual relations between two successive medieval Castilian translations of Jacques de Vitry's Historia Orientalis. Assuming that every medieval translation is a pragmatically oriented discourse, the study implies that the translation feels free to adapt his sources to contemporary interests and expectations by using classical exegetic skills, regardless of the predominant literary technique. Based on historical, rhetorical and linguistic details, we intend to stress the translation's interpretative condition, achieving its concreteness in the particular dynamics of the amplificatio, and in the pragmatic function of certain sequences, as an integration of both internal and external textual circumstances.
  • French phraseological influence in Mandeville's Travels
    Author Őrsi, Tibor
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 221-256
    Abstract French influence on Middle English (1100–1500) has been studied mainly from the point of view of vocabulary influence. French also affected English above word level. The present paper hopes to contribute to the study of Middle English phraseology by comparing a 14th century travel account written in French and its translation into English. The phrases of French origin are grouped into categories on the basis of their grammatical function. At least one sample phrase of every category is collated with the corresponding phrase in the French original. The phrases are also examined in a wider linguistic context.
  • Viginti quatuor sunt iuncturae
    Author Cser, András
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 257-265
    Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present a recently published medieval Latin grammatical text, whose manuscript location is Biblioth`eque National Lat. 16670 ff 19vb–21vb, and whose edition is Cser (2000). Texts of this type occur in great numbers and great variety in the last centuries of the Middle Ages. They summarise the rules of Latin syntax, interspersed occasionally with morphological information, in twentyodd points. First we give short and typical sections of the text with some explanatory notes. Then we give an English translation of the selected sections, finally we discuss some aspects of the text as a whole.
  • Codices distincti nell'Italia quattrocentesca. Tendenze di articolazione testuale mediante segni di punteggiatura in manoscritti nell'Italia quattrocentesca
    Author W. Somogyi, Judit
    Issue Vol. V/2003/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 267-277
    Abstract In this article, I present some results of a study on punctuation in manuscripts written in vulgar language in Northern Italy during the 15th century. Based on the analysis of the content and form of some contemporary Latin records, first I demonstrate why the theory and practice of Latin punctuation could not serve as an adequate model for the scriptors of vulgar texts in this period. Afterwards, I present the punctuational methods that reflect the logical–grammatical structure of non-literary texts making up the corpus and I compare these methods in order to find characteristic tendencies observable in the texts.
  • "Oggi fa l'anno che nel ciel salisti": l'espressione della istanza temporale nel passato in italiano antico
    Author Vanelli, Laura
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 367-376
    Abstract In this paper we examine how Old Italian expressed the ‘temporal distance' of an event that took place in the past in relation to the utterance time (cf. Modern Italian tre anni / mesi / settimane fa ‘three years / mounths / weeks ago'). We will show that the Modern Italian phrase derives from a similar one which was used also in Old Italian, whose syntactic structure was, nevertheless, different. Whereas the deictic value of the Old Italian expression resulted from the compositional meaning of the single elements which formed it, in Modern Italian the syntactic ‘transparence' is lost and we can say that the modern form has become lexically deictic.
  • Completive con reggenza nominale e verbonominale nell'italiano dei primi secoli
    Author Frenguelli, Gianluca
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 461-483
    Abstract This paper will analyse the uses of two completive constructions. One is of the ‘ricordanza che' variety. Here the completive is linked by che to a NS such as ricordanza, parola, promessione, segno and so on. The other is of the ‘aver novella che' variety. In this case the completive is governed by a VS composed of a verbal operator + noun generally indicating a locutionary act (bando, novella, preghiera, promessa, sentenza, etc.). These two kinds of completive constructions give rise to numerous implementations in Old Italian, the sheer number of which supports the claim that one of the most striking characteristics of early Italian prose is its plasticity.
  • Tipi di concessive in italiano antico
    Author Consales, Ilde
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 485-501
    Abstract The connection of concession assumes particular configurations in the 13th and 14th-centuries language. The period shows a rich variety of concessive clauses. We can distinguish about eleven different types of concessives. These configurations are distribuited on a continuum which has sub-clauses and main clauses as its extreme ends.
  • Il Tesoro della Lingua Italiana delle Origini
    Author Squillacioti, Paolo
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 503-516
    Abstract The Tesoro della Lingua Italiana delle Origini (TLIO) is the main project of the Institute of Italian Research Council ‘Opera del Vocabolario Italiano' (OVI). TLIO is a historical dictionary of Old Italian; its most important characteristic is that of having been founded on a huge database (around 19 million words in 1581 texts), consisting of texts written in any variety of mediaeval Italian and dated within 1375. The database is available in internet thanks to the international consortium ItalNet (http://www.italnet.nd.edu). The TLIO database not only allows the writing out of dictionary entries, but is also an autonomous tool, useful for the research on Old Italian.
  • Il progetto Italant e la grammatica del corpus
    Author Renzi, Lorenzo
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 271-294
    Abstract In the first part of this paper, the author presents the main concepts of the ‘corpus grammar' and he discusses it. He disagrees with the claim that the corpus grammar could compete with generative grammar and with other modern linguistic theories. The second part of the paper deals with the ‘Italant' project, that aims to constitute a grammar of Old Italian (i.e. of the Old Florentin linguistic veriety, written between the middle of the 13th till 1300, approximatly). The author argues that such a grammar has to be made basically using the same criteria which lead the linguist when he tries to describe a living language, although this could sound paradoxical.
  • Le espressioni di quantità in Italiano Antico. Considerazioni preliminari
    Author Giusti, Giuliana
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 295-325
    Abstract The syntax of quantification is often considered a field for semantics, however, in this paper I consider some phenomena arising in the syntax of quantity expressions in old Italian. The comparison with modern Italian and other previousy studied languages, supports the proposal that Universal Grammar provides various syntactic categories to express quantification in argument position, among which nouns (N), adjectives (A) and a specialized category that I name quantifiers (Q).
  • Possessivi e nomi di parentela in alcune varietà italiane antiche e moderne
    Author Penello, Nicoletta
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 327-348
    Abstract In this paper I will discuss the syntax of possessives cooccurring with Kinship Nouns in Old Italian and Old Venetian in comparison with modern italian varieties. Considering the morphology of possessives and the semantics of the class of Kinship Nouns I will try to explain why this class of nouns displays - in different varieties - a peculiar syntactic behaviour with regard to the cooccurrence of possessives and definite articles.
  • Sull'omissione del pronome clitico oggetto in italiano antico
    Author Egerland, Verner
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 349-366
    Abstract In conjoined structures in Modern Italian, clitic pronouns are to be repeated, even if exceptions from this rule are to some extent acceptable, as in lo leggo e rileggo. The Old Italian grammar appears to have been considerably more liberal on this point. In a 13th century text such as Il Libro de' Vizî e delle Virtundi, the omission of clitic pronouns in the second conjuct of a conjoined structure is highly frequent. This pronominal system, however, is not generally valid for the entire Old Italian period. Arguably, some 13th and 14th century authors cancel clitics in context where null objects cannot be recovered in Modern Italian. This indicates that some alternative recovery strategy was indeed available at an earlier stage of Italian.
  • Il problema di si e l'uso riflessivo di essere
    Author Salvi, Giampaolo
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 377-398
    Abstract The graphical form <si> of Medieval Florentine texts may represent two different linguistic forms: the reflexive clitic si and the adverb sì. After a review of several more or less traditional criteria used in distinguishing the two forms, a new morphophonological criterion is proposed which makes possible to decide in a greater number of contexts (although not in all). The old criteria and the new one are then used in the study of the putative reflexive use of the verb essere: although essersi seems very frequent in current editions of Medieval texts, one can show that, apart from some specific syntactic contexts, its use is very limited.
  • La "paraipotassi" con ma in italiano antico: verso una tipologia sintattica della correlazione
    Author Mazzoleni, Marco
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 399-427
    Abstract "Parahypotaxis" is the name traditionally assigned to Old Italian sequences of dependent clauses with following main clauses introduced by e ("and") or ("thus"). is not a coordinating conjunction like e but an adverbial element, and for this reason the relevant examples should be taken away from the category; instead I would suggest also taking into account parahypotactic structures with main clauses introduced by the adversative coordinating conjunction ma ("but"), a kind of combination which in my opinion was underestimated in the traditional literature.
  • La formazione delle parole nell'italiano del Duecento. Osservazioni e proposte di analisi di alcuni nomi deverbali
    Author Bisetto, Antonietta
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 429-446
    Abstract This paper deals with the deverbal nominalisations with the suffixes -tore, -ione, -mento found in (a small corpus of texts of) the Fiorentino of the XIII century. The analysis is carried out from a synchronic point of view and tries to describe the word formation procedures adopted during the Duecento.
  • Aspetti della connessione nel "Decameron"
    Author Dardano, Maurizio
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 447-460
    Abstract This article attempts a description and an analysis of demonstrative pronouns questo and quello used as phrasal connectors in Boccaccio's Decameron. The emphasis is firmly placed on syntactic and textual phenomena, but at the same time semantic and pragmatic aspects have been considered. Comparison with contemporary and later texts starts up an in-depth study of this so far neglected subject concerning the old Italian syntax.
  • "Stiamo lavorando per voi": per una maggiore collaborazione tra filologi e storici della lingua italiana
    Author Larson, Pär
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 517-526
    Abstract "We are working for you" - During the second half of the XXth century, numerous linguistical studies of Old Italian non-literary texts have appeared. These works aim to reconstruct the state of the spoken language in the differents parts of the peninsula and would therefore seem to be obligatory reading for critical editors of literary texts of the same regions, but this is not always the case. This paper examines a number of cases in which otherwise sound scholars have come a cropper from not using the relevant linguistic research literature.
  • Pronombres clíticos y construcciones de infinitivo en la Crónica de veinte reyes
    Author Berta, Tibor
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 67-89
    Abstract The article compares the conditions of clitic climbing in modern and medieval Spanish. The purpose of this comparison is to prove and illustrate - using the examples of a medieval text in prose - that conditions of clitic climbing vary during the different stages of the evolution of Spanish.
  • The phonemicity of glides in Spanish: cambia vs. rocía
    Author Bárkányi, Zsuzsanna
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 91-104
    Abstract In the present article I will argue that there is no need to posit underlying glides in Spanish because the syllabicity of high vowels (i, u) is determined by the stress pattern of the word and the segmental environment of the vowels. I will also argue that non-alternating rising diphthongs and falling diphthongs can uniformly be accounted for in the framework of strict CV (Lowenstamm 1996).
  • Convenance et resistance en F.L.E. (Français Langue Etrangère): le cas des étudiants chinois
    Authors Charmet, Anne
    Martin, Evelyne
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 105-115
    Abstract This article defines convenience in foreign language teaching as a necessity to adapt teaching process to students' needs and expectations. On the basis of their teaching experience with Chinese learners, Ms Charmet and Ms Martin present a thorough error analysis and thus propose a method which is conform to Chinese way of thinking as well as to Chinese learning habits: amusing activities which lead students from repetition drills to a reflective and creative language use, with special attention to phonological difficulties.
  • Nomi propri italiani nell'ungherese IV: Marchionimi
    Author Fábián, Zsuzsanna
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 117-138
    Abstract The article is the fourth part of a series analysing the lexicographical presence of Italian in Hungarian language: after names of persons places and institutions the Author focuses now on trade marks. She shows the specialities of this sector of the lexicon: the intentions of marketing, the lexicalization process and the high speed of changes. She provides a large range of examples, cathegorized by a linguistical tipology: abbreviations, derived and composed names, sintagmatical and phrasal ones.
  • Latin and Romance loanwords in English
    Author Cser, András
    Issue Vol. III/2001/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 249-265
    Abstract In this study the author provides a survey on the interaction between English and the Latin and Romance languages throughout the centuries. The lexical impact of Latin, French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese is analysed chronologically, with a special regard to the phonological modifications of loan-words.
  • Cultural and Linguistic English Influence in Romania(n)
    Author Ştefănescu, Ariadna
    Issue Vol. III/2001/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 267-294
    Abstract This study offers an overview on the influences of English on the farthest Romance language, Romanian. The author provides a long introduction on cultural contacts between the two nations and two states. She points out that the main period of influence concerns the 20th century and shows how English loan-words are becoming part of this Romance language.
  • Anglicismi nella lingua italiana
    Author Domokos, György
    Issue Vol. III/2001/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 295-305
    Abstract The goal of the present study is to analyse the influence of English on Italian. The author begins the article with a chronological survey of the influence, giving prototypical examples for each period. He shows the quality and quantity change in English loan-words which process starts at the beginning of the 19th century. In the second part of the study the linguistic aspects of the loans are analysed.
  • Anglicismos no português
    Author Szijj, Ildikó
    Issue Vol. III/2001/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 307-321
    Abstract In this paper I tried to describe some phonological and morphological aspects of English loanwords in Portuguese. I observed 631 anglicisms of the Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa (Porto Editora, 1998, 8th edition). The adaptation of the English words has produced some modifications in Portuguese phonological and morphological systems.
  • Le français en contact avec l'anglais
    Author Marádi, Krisztina
    Issue Vol. III/2001/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 323-332
    Abstract English and French have always been closely connected but, nowadays, their cultural and historical contacts have changed to such an extent that French can be considered as the most anglicised Romance language. The beginning of the domination of English dates from the 18th century, but the mass flow of English loan-words characterizes rather the 19th and 20th centuries and this tendency keeps accelerating day by day.
  • Anglicismos en el español peninsular
    Author Czöndör, Klára
    Issue Vol. III/2001/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 333-349
    Abstract The author of this study analyses the influence of English on European Spanish. She claims that English has already affected almost all languages but the case is slightly different with respect to Spanish. She elucidates the difference through history of the contacts between the two languages. In the study we find a survey of the different levels of grammatical influence.
  • L'espressione del soggetto pronominale in Sacchetti
    Author Bocz, Zsuzsanna
    Issue Vol. II/2000/1
    Category Linguistica
    Abstract Le grammatiche tradizionali ci suggeriscono che nella lingua italiana la espressione del soggetto puo essere spiegata con la facoltativita. Questo significherebbe che e il parlante a decidere se usare il pronome personale o no...
  • Pronomi personali ed elementi clitici nel volgare milanese antico
    Author Domokos, György
    Issue Vol. II/2000/1
    Category Linguistica
    Abstract Nel presente lavoro si intende dare un quadro sperabilmente esaustivo dell'uso dei pronomi personali e dei vari elementi clitici nel volgare milanese all'eta di Dante Alighieri. Il corpus testuale e fornito dalle opere volgari di Bonvesin de la Riva, magister nel capoluogo lombardo nella seconda meta del Duecento e all'inizio del Trecento. Il corpus scelto ha, ovviamente i suoi vantaggi ed i suoi svantaggi: e considerevole come quantita (circa diecimila versi) e come qualita (l'oscillazione stilistica e minima) tuttavia e tutto in versi, quindi puo presentare soluzioni fonetiche dettate dalle esigenze del ritmo e della rima, il che ovviamente mette in dubbio certe soluzioni che differiscono dalla media...
  • Il Ladino
    Author Salvi, Giampaolo
    Issue Vol. II/2000/1
    Category Linguistica
    Abstract Per Ladino intendiamo qui il gruppo di dialetti parlati intorno al massiccio del Sella nelle Dolomiti: queste parlate possiedono un'esperienza storica comune e sono unite da una coscienza linguistica che le individualizza e le contrappone ai dialetti vicini (anche se non possiamo parlare di decisi confini linguistici nelle zone di contatto con varieta romanze). Usiamo quindi il termine ladino nel senso, proposto da Carlo Battisti, di ladino atesino o dolomitico, in un'accezione cioe piu ristretta rispetto a quella usuale nella linguistica romanza, dove in genere designa (nella tradizione italiana) il reto-romanzo o (fuori d'Italia) il gruppo centrale del reto-romanzo...
  • Traduction en classe de langue
    Author Bors, Edit
    Issue Vol. I/1999/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 238-242
    Abstract Bien qu'elle ait été bannie pendant longtemps de la pédagogie des langues, la traduction est cependant une activité que nous pratiquons tous naturellement. On traduit quand on voit un panneau qui nous interdit de garer notre voiture à l'emplacement visé, ou, quand nous reformulons ce que nous venons de dire si un interlocuteur nous le demande ou enfin quand face à un mot ou expression en langue étrangère, nous cherchons à comprendre la signification de tel ou tel élément de la langue...
  • Lőrinc nell'ungherese e Lorenzo nell'italiano
    Authors Fábián, Zsuzsanna
    Bencze, Ágnes
    Issue Vol. I/1999/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 244-255
    Abstract Il presente lavoro è un saggio di elaborazioni simili alla qui presentata e che hanno lo scopo di documentare quale vita, quali sviluppi ulteriori può avere lo stesso nome (di battesimo) nelle diverse lingue. Già da alcuni semestri stiamo facendo delle analisi di questo tipo con studenti di italianistica dell'Università degli Studi "Eötvös" di Budapest e dell'Università Cattolica "Pázmány" di Piliscsaba; essi, che hanno voluto cimentarsi nell'onomastica, hanno già preparato una ventina di tesine sui nomi più svariati...
  • El papel de la traductología en espanol en los programas de las escuelas superiores para la formación de profesores
    Author Czöndör, Klára
    Issue Vol. I/1999/2
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 256-270
    Abstract En la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad Católica „Péter Pázmány” la enseñanza de la traductología en lengua española abarca un periodo de cuatro semestres y se efectúa en dos clases semanales...
  • Temps divisé et temps indivis dans les Confessions de Rousseau
    Author Bors, Edit
    Issue Vol. I/1999/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 184-189
    Abstract La démarche présentée dans cette étude s'inscrit dans le cadre d'une approche interdisciplinaire qui se donne comme objectif la mise en harmonisation des concepts des disciplines différentes dans l'analyse des faits de langue. Les concepts, qui émanent de la linguistique traditionnelle (P. Imbs), de la linguistique textuelle (H. Weinrich), de la linguistique d'énonciation (D. Maingueneau), de la psychologie transpersonnelle (R. Assagioli), de la psychologie générale (A. M. Ludwig), de la psychologie de l'être (A. H. Maslow), de la critique littéraire (M. Raymond, S. Starobinski, G. May) sont rassemblés dans le but d'essayer de rétablir la communication entre la linguistique, la littérature et la psychologie...
  • El pasado y el presente del judeoespanol Antecedentes históricos
    Author Czöndör, Klára
    Issue Vol. I/1999/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 190-207
    Abstract El 31 de marzo del año 1492, los Reyes Católicos – Fernando II de Aragón e Isabel I de Castilla – decretan la expulsión de los judíos de España, dos semanas antes de la gran fiesta que recuerda su primer éxodo...
  • L'italiano regionale
    Author Hegyi, Ágota
    Issue Vol. I/1999/1
    Category Linguistica
    Pages pp. 208-214
    Abstract Un luogo comune sul piano lessicale caratterizza benissimo la situazione linguistica: l'italiano non è monolitico; la stessa frutta (verde di fuori e rossa dentro) è chiamata anguria da un italiano settentrionale, cocomero dagli abitanti della parte centrale del paese e melone (e ancor di piú mellone) nel Meridione...