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|Abstract||Among French 17th-century moralists, La Bruyère seems to be the only one who had a political and social conception described in the many chapters of Caractères. Inspired perhaps by antic philosophers and by his contemporary political theoreticians, he is courageous enough to advise the king and to underline his duties and his service toward the subordinates. His realistic portraits and descriptions and his philanthropic views announce, after the century of the birth of the State of law in France, the century of Enlightenment.|
|Keywords||18th century, drama, Théophile de Viau, power, conspiracy, love|
|Abstract||Théophile de Viau, a very talented poet of the early 18th century, wrote his Tragic Love of Pyrame and Thisbé in 1621, and this work was one of the most successful plays of the whole century. Inspired by Ovid, the play shows many similarities with Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, but seems to depict the presence of authority and despotism more sharply. In this context, the contrast between the treatment of the themes of power, generosity, liberty and care, is deep, lyrical and moving.|
|Abstract||The essay proposes an interpretation of heroism and vengeance in Corneille's Cid with regard to the figure of Chimene. Offering a wide range of staging possibilities, the theme of female vengeance has been a recurring theme in literature since the very beginning of tragedy. Vengeace in Corneille's plays is remarkably vigorous and refers constantly to justice; characters admit their desire of vengeance and labour to fulfill it.|