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|Keywords||art, mass culture, Adorno, Arendt|
|Abstract||The paper will first consider Adorno's critique of the culture industry, then we will present Arendt's distinction between art and entertainment to ease the Frankfurt critique on mass culture and maintain its essential insights. Following Arendt, the paper's working hypothesis claims that the variety of mass culture or popular culture can be better understood if it is correlated to a need for amusement and entertainment that must be basically distinguished from art as intellectual orientation. It will be argued that it is possible and fruitful to make a difference between high culture and popular culture, not in the sense of a gradual difference, but as a difference in kind.|
|Keywords||Hans-Georg Gadamer, dialogue, text, hermeneutics, philosophy|
|Abstract||The paper investigates Hans-Georg Gadamer's dialogical theory of interpretation within the context of his philosophical hermeneutics. In analyzing the dialogical character of understanding, he elaborates the openness required in order that the possibly true opinion of the texts to be understood can be effective. The study also delineates the moral dimension of Gadamer's analysis that is implicit in the interpretation as the recognition of the other.|
|Keywords||Hannah Arendt, human rights, citizenship, totalitarianism, refugees|
|Abstract||The paper investigates Arendt's criticism of human rights, taking as a point of departure her analysis of totalitarianism. In analyzing the political catastrophe of the 20th century, she describes, among others, the situation of stateless-people, i.e., the refugees of the 1930s and 1940s, who had lost any citizenship. I delineate her theory of total domination and totalitarianism, and I put her considerations on human rights in this context. The paper discusses Arendt's basic idea that human rights make no sense without an instance that is able and willing to defend those rights.|