Articles of the selected author in Verbum:

  • Les premiers comparatistes et l'inachèvement linguistique de la France: Le problème de l'occitan
    Author Claudon, Francis
    Issue Vol. IX/2007/2
    Category Critica
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.9.2007.2.2
    Pages pp. 159-180
    Keywords French comparatists, linguistic unity, Provençal, Occitan studies, romanic culture
    Abstract This paper deals with the question of the linguistic unity of France from a diachronic viewpoint. Until the end of the 18th century, intellectuals, educators (Rollin, La Harpe, Noel and La Place) always emphasized the fact that in France people spoke French, which is not entirely true, for the whole South had been speaking a different language from that spoken in Paris for a long time. Still, at the beginning of the 19th century, Thiers, Stendhal, considered Provence, Langedoc, the South-West of France, as a far-off, under-developed country. It was in this context that the first French comparatists appeared. Fauriel, J. J. Ampère, and a few others (Raynouard) contributed in this way to the birth of Provençal and Occitan studies. At the same time, they dispelled the myth of a France that would linguistically and culturally be heir to Rome and Latinity. Even the stance of Maurras, for instance, is complex: himself a southerner, the herald of romanic culture, he explains in his memoirs how much he hesitated between the two languages, at the time of the Félibrige movement. The end of this prolonged cultural autonomy coincided with the soar of Symbolism. Nonetheless, the French comparatists began their career by distinguishing reality from myths, in a purely French debate which still retains today some secret intricacies.
  • L'Ecole de la rhapsodie
    Author Claudon, Francis
    Issue Vol. IV/2002/2
    Category Artes
    Pages pp. 217-227
    Abstract In occasion of the bicentenaire of Victor Hugo's birth the author reminds the fact that the Hungarian composer Ferenc Liszt was probably the first to contribute to Hugo's international career by publishing six of his poems set to music in 1844. Further on he investigates about affininities and the relationships of the two personalities.