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|Keywords||France; collaboration; German army; World War II; Soviet Union|
|Abstract||The French military collaboration is generally an unknown part of the Second World War’s history. At the same time, this phenomenon is very important for the better understanding of French history during the war period. The most important unit of this collaboration was the Légion des volontaires français contre le bolchevisme (French volunteers’ legion on the Bolshevism) established by French extreme right politicians in June 1941 in occupied Paris. This military unit is considered as the 638th infantry regiment of the German army and fought on the front before Moscow in December 1941. After the heavy casualties suffered in this battle, the regiment was reorganised and deployed in the back area on the partisans from 1942 until 1944. In the summer of 1944 the unit was withdrawing from the Soviet Union and disbanded, but their soldiers had to continue the fight in the Waffen-SS.|
|Keywords||France, collaboration, army, Second World War|
|Abstract||The Frenchmilitary collaboration started with the Légion des volontaires français contre le bolchevisme (French volunteers' legion on Bolshevism). This military unit was a part of the German army as the 638th infantry regiment of the Wehrmacht. The legion was deployed on the front before Moscow as well as in the back area on the partisans from 1942 until 1944. In 1943, the German authorities started to recruit in France to establish a new French Waffen-SS unit. The volunteers got the instruction in the camp of Sennheim in Alsace and in Bohemia. The first contingence was deployed on the Red Army in Galicia. The mission was accomplished, but the losses were very high: 80 percent of the unit was killed, wounded or missing. Afterwards, the unit became a division with 7000 people, who fought in the combats of Pomerania and in the final battle of Berlin.|