Abstract: The subject of this study is Médua, a short story by Maurice Carême that incorporates
all kinds of features one can encounter in fantastic literature: unexpected, supernatural
elements, madness, duplication, metamorphosis. The short story is analyzed from the
point of view of how physical interactions and their representations appear in it, especially
the face and the eyes. The desire to understand the inconceivable leads us to the question
of artistic identification, the profession of writing. Artistic responsibility does not only
entail joy but also fear. To illustrate this, the writer uses the mythological story of Medusa
as an allegory for the transfixing and cathartic force of writing.