Abstract: One of Rousseau’s last writings, Dialogues. Rousseau juge de J.-J. (Dialogues. Rousseau, judge of J.-J.) has long been viewed as evidence of his paranoia. It consists of three dialogues between a character named “Rousseau” and one identified as “Frenchman” who discuss the bad reputation and works of an author named “Jean-Jacques”. Rousseau sought to justify his entire career and undertook his most comprehensive reflection on himself as an author, his books, and his audience.