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Szerzők
Acél, Zsuzsanna
Ádám, Anikó
Adorjáni, Zsolt
Ágoston, Piroska
Alario, Leonardo R.
Alba Reina, Maria José
Almási, Zsolt
Alves, Ida Ferreira
Alves, Maria Theresa Abelha
Andersson, Daniel Christopher
Angelini, Maria Teresa
Antal, Beatrix
Babics, Zsófia
Báder, Petra
Balázs, Zsuzsanna
Barbieri, Edoardo
Bárkányi, Zsuzsanna
Bársony, Zsófia
Barta, László
Bartha-Kovács, Katalin
Bartoss, Réka
Basco, Louis
Bauernhuber, Enikő
Bencze, Ágnes
Benda, Mihály
Bene, Krisztián
Beránková, Eva
Bermúdez Medina, Lola
Bernardi, Ulderico
Berta, Tibor
Berzeviczy, Klára
Bisetto, Antonietta
Blackwell, Constance
Blum, Paul Richard
Bobay, Orsolya
Bocz, Zsuzsanna
Boda, László
Bodor, Mária Anna
Bolberitz, Pál
Bolpagni, Marcello
Bors, Edit
Botos, Máté
Boyon, Jérôme
Brambilla, Simona
Brix, Michel
Budetta, Enrica
Bylaardt, Cid Ottoni
Campos Carrasco, Nuria
Cannavacciuolo, Margherita
Cappelli, Guido M.
Carpentieri, Chiara Maria
Carriero, Leonardo
Cepraga, Dan Octavian
Cerda Montes de Oca, Susana
Charmet, Anne
Chodaková, Polina
Chovancová, Katarína
Cioba, Mianda
Claudon, Francis
Colombo, Michele
Consales, Ilde
Cselényi, István Gábor
Cselik, Ágnes
Cser, András
Csocsán de Várallja, Eugène
Csuday, Csaba
Csűry, István
Cuasante Fernández, Elena
Curlo, Vittoria
Cusimano, Christophe
Czerkawski, Jan
Czigány, Ildikó
Czöndör, Klára
D'Angelo, Biagio
Dagron, Tristan
Dardano, Maurizio
Darida, Veronika
De Vettor, Luisa
Deen Schildgen, Brenda
Del Lungo, Andrea
Demetracopoulos, John A.
Désfalvi-Tóth, András
Devís Márquez, P. Pablo
Dézsi, Melinda
Dobák-Szalai, Zsuzsanna
Dombi, Anikó
Domokos, György
Dondoli, Luciano
Draskóczy, Eszter
Drégeli, Krisztina
Duarte, Lélia Parreira
Dudley, John
Durnová, Anna
Ebbersmeyer, Sabrina
Edelheit, Amos
Egerland, Verner
Erb, Frederick III
Erb, Heather M.
Erős, Katalin Renáta
Ertl, Péter
Fábián, Zsuzsanna
Facca, Danilo
Fejérdy, Gergely
Finazzi-Agrò, Ettore
Fodor, Andrea
Foucault, Yann
Fouilleul, Thierry
Francisco, Denis Leandro
Frasso, Giuseppe
Fréchet, Claudine
Frenguelli, Gianluca
Fričová, Eva
Fritsch, Matthias J.
Fulka, Josef
Funk-Deckard, Michael
Füzesi, Piroska
Gajos, Mieczysław
Gángó, Gábor
Garrett, Jeffrey
Gatti, Giuseppe
Gazdik, Anna
Gazzotti, Marisa
Gecse, Mária Veronika
Gerfaud, Jean-Pierre
Gheno, Vera
Giolitto, Marco
Giuliani, Pierre
Giusti, Giuliana
Gleize, Joëlle
Gorilovics, Tivadar
Gotia, Andrei
Grall, Catherine
Guimarães, Elisa
Gulyás, Adrienn
Gutbrod, Gizella
Gyimesi, Timea
Hajnóczi, Eszter
Hajnóczi, Gábor
Hajnóczi, Kristóf
Hámori Nagy, Zsuzsanna
Hardi, Ferenc
Harmath, Erzsébet
Házas, Nikoletta
Hegyi, Ágota
Hende, Fanni
Hoffmann, Béla
Holló, Zsuzsanna
Hoppál, Bulcsú Kál
Horányi, Lilla
Horváth Faller, Eija
Horváth, Alexandra
Horváth, Kornélia
Horváth, Márton Gergely
Horváth, Miléna
Huszthy, Alma
Huszthy, Bálint
Ila-Horváth, Zsófia
Imrei, Andrea
Janeczek, Stanisław
Joubert, Jean-Marc
Junqueira, Maria Aparecida
Kaliska, Agnieszka
Kalla, Stéphane
Kaló, Krisztina
Kanász, Viktor
Kanozsay, Katalin
Kaposi, Márton
Kardos, Orsolya
Keglovich, Rita
Kelemen, János
Kéri, Henriett
Kharissov, Ildar
Király, Erzsébet
Kirsch, Fritz Peter
Kiss, Kornélia
Klimová, Katarína
Knasas, John F. X.
Koest, Bernard
Koós, Eszter
Kormos, József
Körömi, Gabriella
Kotowska, Katarzyna
Koudriavtsev, Alexandre
Kováč-Petrovský, Dušan
Kovács, Marietta
Kozelská, Irena
Kpalap, Linus
Kricka, Anna
Kuffart, Hajnalka
Kun, Csilla
Kupčihová, Katarína
Kyloušek, Petr
La Rosa, Emanuele
Laky, Krisztina
Lalla, Sebastian
Lario-de-Oñate, M. Carmen
Larson, Pär
László, Tímea
Lautner, Péter
Lécrivain, Claudine
Lehrberger, James, O. Cist.
Lemba, Robert
Lobato, Abelardo
Loiacono, Rocco
Loreti, M. Alessio
Lőrinszky, Ildikó
Loureda Lamas, Óscar
Ludmann, Ágnes
Lukácsi, Margit
Lukovszki, Judit
Lupinu, Giovanni
Maár, Judit
Majorossy, Imre Gábor
Malinovská, Zuzana
Marádi, Krisztina
Marosvári, Mária
Marsó, Paula
Martin, Evelyne
Martínez-Radío Garrido, Evaristo C.
Martonyi, Éva
Matucci, Andrea
Matula, Jozef
Mátyus, Norbert
Maziarczyk, Anna
Mazzoleni, Marco
Medveczká, Mária
Menaker, Angelika
Menczel, Gabriella
Méndez Robles, Pedro Salvador
Mezei, Balázs M.
Miklós, Barbara
Miklós, Eszter Gerda
Miskolczi, István
Montagnon, Beatrix
Montes Nogales, Vicente E.
Mora, Luisa
Morani, Moreno
Mourão, Cleonice Paes Barreto
Müller, Sigrid
Mundevová, Lenka
Mussó, Zsófia
Nagy-Zekmi, Silvia
Najbar, Anna
Náray-Szabó, Márton
Nejeschleba, Tomaš
Neme, Rauf
Nemrava, Daniel
Nuzzo, Armando
Olay, Csaba
Őrsi, Tibor
Paál, Zsuzsanna
Pajorin, Klára
Pálková, Jana
Pallai, Károly Sándor
Paolini, Michele
Papp, Eszter
Pardo Jiménez, Pedro
Parry, Mair
Pastor, Pablo Tornero
Pataki, Elvira
Payet, Marie
Penello, Nicoletta
Petkova, Ingrid
Petrovszki Lajszki, Brigitta
Pleciński, Jacek
Podhorná-Polická, Alena
Pokorný, Martin
Por, Peter
Portalés Mananós, David
Prohászka, Erzsébet
Prokopp, Mária
Puskás, István
Pusztai, Gabriella
Quinn, Patrick
Radvánszky, Anikó
Rees, Valery
Renzi, Lorenzo
Révész, Enkratisz
Rey Mimoso-Ruiz, Bernadette
Riedenauer, Markus
Righi, Federico
Robiglio, Andrea A.
Rodríguez Mansilla, Fernando
Rokay, Zoltán
Rollin, Pascal
Romito, M. Bruna
Rónaky, Eszter
Rosenthal, Alexander S.
Rowland, Clara
Rózsavári, Nóra
Ruiz, María Jesús
Russell, Paul A.
Ruszel, Joanna
Sadkowska-Fidala, Agata
Sághy, Marianne
Salvi, Giampaolo
Samarini, Francesco
Sárdi, Krisztina
Saxlová, Tereza
Scheib, Andreas
Schneller, Dóra
Schoentjes, Pierre
Schuerewegen, Franc
Sciacovelli, Antonio Donato
Senardi, Fulvio
Seres, Krisztina
Seth, Catriona
Siest, Amélie Celinda
Šimková, Soňa
Sità, Michele
Skibińska, Elżbieta
Skřivánek, Hanna
Sliwa, Dorota
Solymosi, Milán
Sotkóné Grosz, Anikó
Šotolová, Jovanka
Soulages, François
Špička, Jiří
Squillacioti, Paolo
Stachová, Klára
Stančienė, Dalia Marija
Stanilewicz, Grażyna
Staszewska-Zatońska, Anna
Ştefănescu, Ariadna
Stojkovski, Boris
Stráner, Zsófia
Svoboda, David
Szabados, Edina
Szabó-Gilinger, Eszter
Szabó, Anita Noémi
Szabó, Ferenc S.J.
Szabó, Tibor
Szávai, Dorottya
Szijj, Ildikó
Szilágyi, Imre
Szőnyi, Gergely
Szőnyi, Tamás
Szörényi, László
Szovák, Márton
Szuhaj, Katalin
Takács, László
Tarabochia Canavero, Alessandra
Tassoni, Luigi
Tat, Alin
Tedesco, Alessandro
Teschke, Henning
Timenova-Valtcheva, Zlatka
Tombi, Beáta
Török, Tamara
Torre Giménez, Estrella de la
Toso, Fiorenzo
Tóth, Ágnes
Tóth, Andrea
Tóth, Gábor Mihály
Tóth, Gabriella
Tourrel, Jean-Paul
Trouvé, Alain
Turai, Laura
Vacovská, Marta
Vajk, Zsuzsanna
Valentová, Eva
Valenzuela, Luisa
Vanelli, Laura
Váradi, Márta
Vasoli, Cesare
Vasvári, Louise O.
Vázquez-Amador, María
Vecchi, Roberto
Viana, Joaquim
Volek, Peter
Vykypělová, Klára
Vyšniauskas, Gintautas
W. Somogyi, Judit
Walicka-Popis, Anna
Wildburg, Gabriella
Zabojnikova, Hviezdoslava
Zentai Horváth, Krisztina
Zoppello, Mariateresa
Zsák, Helga

A kategória cikkei a Verbumban:
  • Szerző De Vettor, Luisa
    Füzet Vol. XVII/2016/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 7-17
    Absztrakt There are hundreds of buildings scattered around in Italy with a certain common trait, the fascist architecture. An architecture which was one of the main propaganda models and ways of communication of a destructive dictatorial regime lead by Benito Mussolini. The purpose of the article is to try to understand the possible legacy of Italian fascist architecture in contemporary culture and society. We will evaluate how much the meanings of these relics have changed since the time of their construction, and how much time has been necessary to look at these Fascist relics with an eye finally detached from their original dramatic relationship with the dictatorial regime.
  • Szerző Martínez-Radío Garrido, Evaristo C.
    Füzet Vol. XVII/2016/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 18-52
    Absztrakt Casuistry of a military prisoner in the 18th century varied according to the moral standards of the time, religion, social group and honor. For these reasons we must understand that the future of the captive was not necessarily unhappy and there was a place for humanity. We therefore must also look at those who survived certain actions in combat. We can also witness an evolution of the treatment of prisoners from the beginning of the century to the end of it, motivated by the French Revolution.
  • Szerző Majorossy, Imre
    Füzet Vol. XVI/2015/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 7-19
    Absztrakt The essentials of the courtly short story cannot be found merely in the history, but in the extraordinary main character who personifies the abstract idea of Love. The fact itself that it is impossible to capture the subsistence of the horse creates a similarity to love that underlies all the events, and significantly characterizes the whole story. The position of marriage comes to light in an unavoidable change which causes a serious crisis. Only by the help of the wonderful horse is it possible to find a solution to the almost hopeless situation. The short story proposes a sort of compromise for such crises that are expected to arise by the occasion of changes of power. The poetic message equals an example how to avert the tragic conflict and how to carry out the change within the meaning of Christianity, in favour of love.
  • Szerző Colombo, Michele
    Füzet Vol. XVI/2015/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 20-26
    Absztrakt The paper offers a brief survey of the ways in which Bonvesin da la Riva, the most important Milanese poet in the Middle Ages, embodies biblical references in his poetical work.
  • Szerző Kanász, Viktor
    Füzet Vol. XVI/2015/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 27-42
    Absztrakt The one and a half decade between the death of Vladislaus I (1444) and Matthias Hunyadi's ascension to the throne (1458) is one of the most troubled periods in the history of Hungary. The north-western part of the kingdom was controlled by the Bohemian Brethren under the leadership of Jan Jiskra, Frederick III invaded significant amount of lands in Sopron, Vas and Moson counties, and the Ottoman attacks became permanent in the south. Although the kingdom had a legitimately crowned ruler in Ladislaus V, the infant king, living under the guardianship of Frederick III, could not exercise his power. The barons of the country, mainly the homo novus, the governor and voivode of Transylvania, János Hunyadi and the relative of the king, Ulrik Cillei obtained the control over the internal and foreign affairs. Recently, some yet unknown documents surfaced in the State Archives of Milan. Through investigating these letters written between 1452 and 1453, we can refine our historical knowledge of these years, and, in particular, of the diplomatic relations between the Hungarian Kingdom and the towns in Northern Italy.
  • Szerzők Domokos, György
    Erős, Katalin Renáta
    Füzet Vol. XVI/2015/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 43-56
    Absztrakt The study deals with Ercole Pio, who was the governor of the archbishopric of Eger (Hungary), on behalf of Cardinal Ippolito d'Este between 1508 and 1510. In his letters (kept in the Modena State Archives, but sent from Eger to Ferrara and Rome) written in Italian to his patron, Pio suggested asking Pope Julius II for his permission to sell indulgences in Hungary, in order to increase the income of the archbishopric. The overview of the practice of indulgences in medieval Hungary and the quotations analyzed in the article can illuminate the history of the construction of the Eger cathedral and explain the organisation of economic life in Hungary. Two decades before the battle of Mohács very significant amounts of money had been sent abroad. In several letters Ercole Pio points out that offering 50 percent of the income from the indulgences sold in Eger to the Holy See could perhaps facilitate the permission to be obtained from the Pope.
  • Szerző Sághy, Marianne
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 9-16
    Absztrakt This article aims to place the Athanasian desert on the list of Foucauldian heterotopiae. In Life of Antony, Athanasius of Alexandria creates a Christian desert in stark opposition with the political space of the Roman Empire dominated by heretical emperors. The desert is an agora of spiritual fight with demons, a meeting place with God as well as an ideological landscape shaped by Athanasius' struggle with secular power. The desert's claims to utopia as a “new Paradise” are built on the homogenizing bases of Nicaean orthodoxy.
  • Szerző Kiss, Kornélia
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 17-25
    Absztrakt In this paper, I wish to demonstrate the different psychological effects by means of which nature and space can influence nature and human behavior. I will elaborate on spaces and expanded spaces of the Tristanien myth, influencing and, at the same time, guiding the conduct of the protagonists, especially Tristan, who, throughout his short life, is constantly in close, even: too close relationship with nature, which is a particularly decisive factor concerning his physical andmoral destiny. According to the Bachelardian thought, “man and world exist in a community of dangers. They are dangerous for each other”. Even if the “cohabitation” of the elements of nature and human beings is not always and without negative exception on Earth, it is, however, in continual change. My goal is to show the negative as well as the positive sides of this relationship.
  • Szerző Ádám, Anikó
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 26-34
    Absztrakt The paper draws its hypothesis from Romanticism: one way to understand modern (post-Revolution) French aesthetic thought is the interpretation and comparison of the reflections on historical (external) and psychological (internal) time and space. Romantic thinkers used innumerable metaphors for history, and some of these are closely related to images representing contemporary perspectives on space (circle, spiral, sphere) that are not exclusively typical to this particular age, but they were already expressing a possible attitude to the world whereMan ismostly at the centre, and they also give an anthropomorphic character to Man’s surroundings.
  • Szerző Seth, Catriona
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 35-46
    Absztrakt Germaine de Staël's 1807 novel, Corinne ou l'Italie, is concerned with space in more ways than one. The title indicates the primary importance of Italy – a fragmentary collection of states at the time. Rome is the axis around which the heroine's life initially seems to revolve. The novel then sets up various poles to counterbalance or complement it: Oswald is Scottish and the aesthetics of Ossian plays a part in the work’s poetics; French pre-revolutionary culture is also shown as important in an ideal cultural mix. Staël is looking to the future in this work, which implicitly imagines a new balance of power for Europe.
  • Szerző Por, Peter
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 47-56
    Absztrakt This paper studies the emergence of a topos central tomodern poetry, and defines its mains characteristics: the megalopolis is the paradigmatic space of modern modern poetical existence. The Swan, by Baudelaire, is its seminal artwork, followed by three great compositions: The Musiscian of Saint Merry by Apollinaire, The Waste Land by T. S. Eliot, and Rilkes Tenth Duino's Elegy. Each one of those poems is shaped on the pseudo-epical framework of the poet's long going through, during which he he discovers the multiplicity of real characters, objects and places, which lead him to the opposite and fatal recognition: the megalopolis is a necropolis, the space of incongruity, emptiness and unreality. Each poem leads to a cosmical vision, but one which is an endless walk towards non-existence. As a conclusion, we underline two fundamental features of the creation of the poetical space: it is always voluntary, and it can only be accomplished through the use of temporary categories.
  • Szerző Ila-Horváth, Zsófia
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 57-67
    Absztrakt George Perec's work and the oeuvre of Marguerite Duras are two closely related to topographies, which seem to be permeated by “vacuity”, both on the thematic and the formal level. Does the representation of space, the mise-en-scène of the decor have to be interpreted as part of what we could call the “writing of absence”, typical of the two writers? Or just the opposite, does the spatial dimension allow another interpretation of Perec's and Duras' work, respectively? In the present paper, we attempt to answer these questions by analysing the different methods used by the two writers to represent space.
  • Szerző Darida, Veronika
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 68-74
    Absztrakt Michel Foucault’s theory of the spaces and places of heterotopia have been effectively explored by contemporary directors. In his well-known paper Of other spaces (1967), the philosophermakes a distinction between utopias and heterotopias. For Foucault, utopias are sites with no real spaces, while heterotopias are real places, which are absolutely different from all the sites that we reflect and speak about (cemeteries, gardens, prisons, colonies, psychiatric hospitals, museums, libraries, and theatres). We will examine theatre as heterotopia, in the sense that the theatrical space is comprised of an uncountable quantity of different spaces. In this framework, an analysis based on dramaturgies of heterotopias will be elaborated in regard of a playwright (Bernard-Marie Koltès) and a stage director (Patrice Chéreau).
  • Szerző Radvánszky, Anikó
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 75-85
    Absztrakt What conception of space would be appropriate for the theory and praxis of deconstruction? In this paper we will consider what role space(time) plays in the theorisation of deconstrucion by reviewing the early works of Jacques Derrida's oeuvre, dealing with phenomenology, and also, by analysing the essay Khôra (1987).
  • Szerző Gyimesi, Timea
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 86-97
    Absztrakt This study aims to analyse the use of space inMarie Darrieussecq's novels. Space will be analysed in the framework of an esthetic programme which falls within chaos theory and the geophilosophy of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. This framework seems particularly useful at unfolding Darrieussecq’s outlandish haptic “spacephantoms” (land, mind, waves, etc.) as well as her becomings (fool, baby, dead people, sow, etc.).
  • Szerző Házas, Nikoletta
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 98-106
    Absztrakt In my paper, I analyze a key work of a contemporary French photographer and urban activist who works in the context of the street art. The film in question, entitled Women are heroes, describes an artistic project of the author “JR” who took photos of women’s faces in the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro, and posted them all around the city. The project focuses on the dialogue of ethics, aesthetics, and politics of personal images and histories placed in public spaces. According to my hypothesis, the focus of the photos and the stories is the gaze of women as they are presented by the young man, JR, through an altruistic gesture. They are par excellence examples of the representation of irreducible “otherness”, which I call “altruistic feminism”.
  • Szerző Kalla, Stéphane
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 107-132
    Absztrakt The paper presents certain key features from a philosophical and phenomenological point of view of the aesthetics of Michael Mann, a leading film maker of modernity. We try to identify the aesthetic, phenomenological and metaphysical issues of a unique formalism, parallelism.
  • Szerző Viana, Joaquim
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 133-137
    Absztrakt If there is evidence of a radical change of direction in the understanding of space, there is also, on the other hand, a conservative tendency for training and playing a dimensional space and above codified identical reproductions and easy recognition. In principle, this codified space is connected to the possibility of creating a sensitive axiomatic field (formerly: significant field and ghostly field) capable of imparting a new orthodoxy, a new value system to form/build a consistent image world.
  • Szerző Koest, Bernard
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 138-145
    Absztrakt Photographer and visual artist, Bernard Koest experiments in this dialogue the articulation between the real space and that of some series of its images.
  • Szerző Nagy-Zekmi, Silvia
    Füzet Vol. XV/2014/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 146-158
    Absztrakt The article analyzes the multiple meanings of the border as a textual construct in Beur writing represented by Leila Sebbar, Azouz Begag, Leila Houari, Farida Belghoul by focusing on hybridity as a theoretical tool in the representation of the collective identity of the Beur defined by migration through discourses that emerge from unequal power relations in loci of cultural contact.
  • Szerző Joubert, Jean-Marc
    Füzet Vol. XIV/2013/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.14.2013.1–2.1
    Oldal pp. 5-19
    Kulcsszavak entertainment; wisdom; happiness; ruin; religion
    Absztrakt The theme of "entertainment" is very well-known thanks to Pascal, who gave it a considerable metaphysical and religious dimension. However, in the 17th century, there were other, more appeasing ways to consider it, without these being less profound or important. Two examples of this would be La Mothe Le Vayer, in the footsteps of the "light relief" of Montaigne, and the very fine and elegant Saint-Evremond. Comparing the contrasting approches would be an excellent way for the reader to entertain himself.
  • Szerző Soulages, François
    Füzet Vol. XIV/2013/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.14.2013.1–2.2
    Oldal pp. 20-38
    Kulcsszavak image; digital photography; contemporary art; hybridization
    Absztrakt The paper focuses on digital photography. Everything has been changed by digital technology: digitalization is relevant in the creation of images, their communication, their reception, also their mixing and hybridization with other techniques — like in sound design, for example. The image is certainly an uneventful image, but, above all, it is an image open to all eventualities. Has computing replaced existence? In short, is there rupture or continuity between these two kinds of images?
  • Szerző Bene, Krisztián
    Füzet Vol. XIV/2013/1-2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.14.2013.1–2.3
    Oldal pp. 39-50
    Kulcsszavak France; collaboration; German army; World War II; Soviet Union
    Absztrakt The French military collaboration is generally an unknown part of the Second World War’s history. At the same time, this phenomenon is very important for the better understanding of French history during the war period. The most important unit of this collaboration was the Légion des volontaires français contre le bolchevisme (French volunteers’ legion on the Bolshevism) established by French extreme right politicians in June 1941 in occupied Paris. This military unit is considered as the 638th infantry regiment of the German army and fought on the front before Moscow in December 1941. After the heavy casualties suffered in this battle, the regiment was reorganised and deployed in the back area on the partisans from 1942 until 1944. In the summer of 1944 the unit was withdrawing from the Soviet Union and disbanded, but their soldiers had to continue the fight in the Waffen-SS.
  • Szerző Kováč-Petrovský, Dušan
    Füzet Vol. XIII/2012/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.2.1
    Oldal pp. 261-268
    Kulcsszavak film adaptation of literary text, artistic reality, inter-genre dialogue, Baricco, Tornatore
    Absztrakt The paper discusses some aspects of the transposition of literary texts into film language. This issue is illustrated through Tornatore's film adaptation of Baricco's text Novecento, which was shown in cinemas all over the world under the title La leggenda del pianista sull'oceano. The focus of the paper is on the reality of the viewers' experience in contraposition with the artistic reality of the literary story and its film adaptation. The paper also discusses the relationship between the genre of the film and that of the literary piece as well as their potential to formulate artistic reality in time and space as defined by the literary artwork itself.
  • Szerző Brix, Michel
    Füzet Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.1
    Oldal pp. 5-17
    Kulcsszavak Victor Hugo, death penalty, Parisian Commune, Belgium
    Absztrakt Victor Hugo constantly fought for the abolition of the death penalty. One of his earliest works, Le Dernier Jour d’un condamné (1829), was already devoted to this issue. The present paper discusses how Hugo fought against those who insisted on shooting the troublemakers in the wake of the Parisian Commune (1871). These efforts put the writer in danger: he was living in Belgium at the time and was made to leave the country by order of the government. These events shed a particular light on the genesis of the poem called Les Fusillés in the collection of L'Année terrible.
  • Szerző Olay, Csaba
    Füzet Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.2
    Oldal pp. 18-31
    Kulcsszavak art, mass culture, Adorno, Arendt
    Absztrakt The paper will first consider Adorno's critique of the culture industry, then we will present Arendt's distinction between art and entertainment to ease the Frankfurt critique on mass culture and maintain its essential insights. Following Arendt, the paper's working hypothesis claims that the variety of mass culture or popular culture can be better understood if it is correlated to a need for amusement and entertainment that must be basically distinguished from art as intellectual orientation. It will be argued that it is possible and fruitful to make a difference between high culture and popular culture, not in the sense of a gradual difference, but as a difference in kind.
  • Szerző Radvánszky, Anikó
    Füzet Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.3
    Oldal pp. 32-39
    Kulcsszavak literary space, récit, unworking, narrative voice, neuter, exteriority
    Absztrakt Blanchot got closest to seizing the self-reflexivity of the literary work of art in the third piece of the triptych of Èze, a short story entitled Celui qui ne m'accompagnait pas. The central plot of the story is woven around a conversation the narrator is involved in with a mysterious "he", who is the other, unknown part of himself and an anthropomorphic work of art at the same time. The scene of the story gradually becomes an imaginary one, "the literary space" itself, making a possible entrance into the void, the lack of time, where the writingmay be born.
  • Szerző Bermúdez Medina, Lola
    Füzet Vol. XIII/2012/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.13.2012.1.4
    Oldal pp. 40-47
    Kulcsszavak François Cheng, dialogue, culture, China, France
    Absztrakt The paper presents an overview of the intellectual trajectory of François Cheng, the first Chinese writer to become a member of the French Academy, highlighting his mediating role between Eastern and Western cultures, specifically that of France, and not only in the field of literature but painting as well. In effect, aesthetic concerns go hand in hand with a moral dimension in this Chinese-French author's oeuvre.
  • Szerző D'Angelo, Biagio
    Füzet Vol. XII/2010/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.2.1
    Oldal pp. 257–268
    Kulcsszavak city, myths, mythography, sacred, space
    Absztrakt What kind of mixture exists between the new and ancient mythographical models of cities? What sort of mythography, redefining myths and dissolving them from their sacred and profane features, does contemporary literature propose? Are Chico Buarque’s Budapest, Claudio Magris’s Danube or Péter Eszterházy’s Harmonia coelestis new examples for a new European mythography? What is the meaning of "mythical" for a 21st-century city? What is the role of perifericity in the mythographied cities of postmodernity? These are some questions this paper will consider.
  • Szerző Bartha-Kovács, Katalin
    Füzet Vol. XII/2010/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.2.2
    Oldal pp. 269-278
    Kulcsszavak ruin, 18th-century painting, sublime, Diderot, Hubert Robert
    Absztrakt In this paper, we examine some texts on 18th-century French art, devoted to the motives of ruins, with a special emphasis on Diderot’s Salons. If the interest in ruin is ancient, the aesthetics - or rather the poetics - of ruins, in the strictest of senses, was born in the 18th century in France. In accordance to this, we consider whether it is plausible to analyse the writing of ruins as more than a discourse of clichés. As an architectural object and a literary subject, the ruin in particular suggests the associations that are part of the register of clichés. The pictorial ruin differs from the ruin in nature (architectural ruin) which serves as model for it as well. The pictorial ruin is the object of description and meditation: the ruin in the literary text, on which we will focus. In this article, we will concentrate on its status as an aesthetic object in the Age of Enlightenment.
  • Szerző Carriero, Leonardo
    Füzet Vol. XII/2010/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.2.3
    Oldal pp. 279-286
    Kulcsszavak Castrum Lucullanum, Middle Ages, Naples, commerce, merchants
    Absztrakt "Castrum Lucullanum" was a fortress near the city of Naples. It is famous because the last western Roman emperor ("Romulus Augustulus") was in exile there in 476. Inside the fortress, there were churches, monasteries, houses and empty lands. It survived until 902, when it was destroyed by Naples' citizens (as a result of the the Muslim invasions). After this period, the "castrum" was not completely abandoned: a lot of sources from the 10th to the 12th centuries report that it was utilized as a storehouse for the nearby port of Naples. A lot of merchants from various cities (also from Pisa) were interested in buying a part of "castrum Lucullanum".
  • Szerző Soulages, François
    Füzet Vol. XII/2010/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.1.1
    Oldal pp. 7-26
    Kulcsszavak unconsciousness, esthetics, photography, politics, bodies
    Absztrakt Press photographers and politicians show us suffering bodies whose event-like visibility make us forget the invisibility of every day life, for the reality of day-to-day life is difficult to notice. We can accept tragedy more easily if heroes participate in it. A life lived in a dictatorship is very long, even if it is short for a historian who deals with long time periods, and it is impossible to capture for a press photographer. This paper deals with the questions that photographers have to face: what is it that they have to capture to be able to uncover the essence of the system? What bodies do they need to photograph? Are they bodies at all?
  • Szerző Špička, Jiří
    Füzet Vol. XII/2010/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.1.2
    Oldal pp. 27-40
    Kulcsszavak Petrarca, Jan ze St?edy, Prague, humanism, epistolography
    Absztrakt This paper deals with the cultural and political contacts between Francesco Petrarca and the imperial court in Prague. Leaving aside the political motivation of the epistolary exchange between Petrarca and the Emperor Charles IV, we firstly focus on the history of Petrarca's journey(s) to Prague as a curious experience in his life, and secondly on the nature of the "friendship" between Petrarca and the imperial chancellor Jan ze St?edy, which we interpret as an obstinate and idle endeavour of self-promotion.
  • Szerző Demetracopoulos, John A.
    Füzet Vol. XII/2010/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.12.2010.1.3
    Oldal pp. 41-67
    Kulcsszavak Edmond Pourchot, Thomistic Ethics, Vikentios Damodos, Modern Greek Enlightenment, translation activity
    Absztrakt Most of the writings produced during the 18th century in one of the regions peripheral to the centers of philosophical, theological, and scientific development in Europe, namely, Greece, were but translations or adaptations of various works written in Latin, French, Italian, German, or English. Even some of the texts signed by their authors as produced by themselves are translations or adaptations, too. This is the case with most, if not all, of the philosophical (and theological) writings of Vikentios Damodos (1700–1754), a private teacher of Philosophy in Kefallenia (Ionian Islands, Greece), who had studied in Venice and Padova. His Concise Ethics, which forms part of his huge Concise Philosophy, is just a selective translation or adaptation (enriched only by few trivially didactic or confessional comments) of passages from the respective volume (Ethics) of Edmond Pourchot's (1651–1734) Institutiones philosophicæ as well as from the homonymous part (Compendium Ethicæ) of Vol. V (Exercitationes Scholasticæ) of the same textbook. Damodos, by plagiarizing Pourchot, transmitted to Greece a potentially progressive eclectic philo-Cartesianist Christian philosophy taught at the time in France, Italy, Ukrainia and elsewhere.
  • Szerző Olay, Csaba
    Füzet Vol. XI/2009/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.11.2009.1.1
    Oldal pp. 7-13
    Kulcsszavak Hans-Georg Gadamer, dialogue, text, hermeneutics, philosophy
    Absztrakt The paper investigates Hans-Georg Gadamer's dialogical theory of interpretation within the context of his philosophical hermeneutics. In analyzing the dialogical character of understanding, he elaborates the openness required in order that the possibly true opinion of the texts to be understood can be effective. The study also delineates the moral dimension of Gadamer's analysis that is implicit in the interpretation as the recognition of the other.
  • Szerző Šimková, Soňa
    Füzet Vol. XI/2009/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.11.2009.1.2
    Oldal pp. 15-27
    Kulcsszavak water, Soulier de Satin, Paul Claudel, Roman Polák, Prague, theatre
    Absztrakt In this paper I consider two essays published in Revue d'Histoire du Théâtre in 2000 dealing with the subject of water in theatre and in the work of Paul Claudel. In particular, I am focusing on the staging of Claudel's Soulier de Satin performed by the National Theatre in Prague in 1993 by a Slovak theatre team headed by director Roman Polák. I am considering his work within the context of one of his most appreciated productions of the last decade, Marivaux's play La Dispute (1988). In this production Polák used real water. By using water on stage he initiated a choice of specific theatricality. For his production, Roman Polák employed Jean-Louis Barrault's adaptation of Claudel's play, but he did not accept his way of theatricality. Instead of watermimed and danced by a choir of ballet, Polák worked with real water on stage. This paper tries to search answers to these questions: what was the reason for such a choice, and why where such solutions part of contemporary theatre aesthetics?
  • Szerző Andersson, Daniel Christopher
    Füzet Vol. XI/2009/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.11.2009.1.3
    Oldal pp. 29-32
    Kulcsszavak Titelmans, Bonaventure, anagogy, Franciscan, philopsophy
    Absztrakt The usage of the term anagogicis excessibus in the Low Countries philosopher Frans Titlemans' 1530 compend of natural philosophy Libri duodecim de consyderatione rerum naturalium shows a strongly religious underpinning to his scientific thought. It is the purpose of this article to draw attention to the phrase, and to prove the Bonaventuran religious background in scriptural hermeneutics. This detail points to an important aspect of the Franciscan natural philosophical tradition.
  • Szerző Mezei, Balázs M.
    Füzet Vol. X/2008/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.2.12
    Oldal pp. 451-471
    Kulcsszavak history of philosophy, Catholicism, Catholic philosophy
    Absztrakt "Catholic philosophy" has a threefold meaning. First, it refers descriptively to the understanding of philosophy throughout the history of Catholic Christianity. After the decline of Hellenism, philosophy in the Greek sense did not survive anywhere else than in Catholicism; the works of the Latin Fathers, the theologians of the Middle Ages, and the Catholic philosophers of the Renaissance and modern periods thereafter not only saved philosophy from historical disappearance but contributed to its revival and new developments. "Catholic philosophy", in the second sense, is the historical matrix in which philosophy of our time has emerged. That is to say, the modern and contemporary meanings of philosophy are marked by their difference from theology properly so called. Thirdly, Catholicism has always considered philosophy as centrally important to the Catholic doctrine. No other Christian denomination has ever shown such an intense, complex, and systematic interest inmaintaining and developing philosophy. Thus, "Catholic philosophy" has the third meaning of a historic achievement in which philosophy could grow into itsmodern forms. In this essay, I investigate the historical development and the contemporary possibilities of Catholic Philosophy.
  • Szerző Basco, Louis
    Füzet Vol. X/2008/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.2.13
    Oldal pp. 473-484
    Kulcsszavak new students, student person, project of the student, skills, university
    Absztrakt The chances for a student to be successful during his university studies are determined by various factors. The cultural and socioeconomic heterogeneity of the university during the first year of studies calls for offering programmes which will assist students to build skills necessary to succeed at the university. An educational initiative centred around building a "student person" is possible.
  • Szerzők Campos Carrasco, Nuria
    Devís Márquez, P. Pablo
    Füzet Vol. X/2008/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.2.14
    Oldal pp. 485-503
    Kulcsszavak grammatical contents, learning, foreign language, foreign language teaching, methodology
    Absztrakt The role of grammar in the foreign language classroom has been widely questioned in language teaching methodology. The positions have oscillated between those who have rejected the possibility of including grammar contents and those that have used grammar like a kernel of the learning process. The work that we present here is based on two fundamental ideas: (1) grammar must be understood like an instrument for learning, and (2) the concept of descriptive grammar must be replaced by the one of pedagogical grammar, directed to complete the assimilation of linguistic contents as a vehicle of communication. We develop a new proposal for teaching grammar that will have to contribute to the definitive location of grammar contents in the process of learning a foreign language.
  • Szerző Olay, Csaba
    Füzet Vol. X/2008/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.1.1
    Oldal pp. 7-13
    Kulcsszavak Hannah Arendt, human rights, citizenship, totalitarianism, refugees
    Absztrakt The paper investigates Arendt's criticism of human rights, taking as a point of departure her analysis of totalitarianism. In analyzing the political catastrophe of the 20th century, she describes, among others, the situation of stateless-people, i.e., the refugees of the 1930s and 1940s, who had lost any citizenship. I delineate her theory of total domination and totalitarianism, and I put her considerations on human rights in this context. The paper discusses Arendt's basic idea that human rights make no sense without an instance that is able and willing to defend those rights.
  • Szerző Vasvári, Louise O.
    Füzet Vol. X/2008/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.1.2
    Oldal pp. 15-34
    Kulcsszavak Hungarian Holocaust survivors, gender and Holocaust, life writing and Holocaust, translated trauma
    Absztrakt This study is part of a larger project to integrate into Holocaust discourses the voices of women survivors, which can provide valuable insights both for Holocaust studies and gender studies. I first briefly review some of the main issues relating to the need to study female Holocaust (life) writing, in order to offer a theoretical frame for the main focus of my study: a historical introduction to "literaried" testimonies of some two dozen Hungarian emigrant women, written over a span of over half a century. I will be highlighting translation and gender issues, as well as the variety of narrative techniques the authors utilize. None of the women I study published in Hungarian, even as in some cases they had original contemporary diaries or earlier drafts in that language. Hence, the first part of my title means to focus on the additional complicating issues of self translation of traumatic events by survivors who live in emigration.
  • Szerző Giolitto, Marco
    Füzet Vol. X/2008/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.10.2008.1.3
    Oldal pp. 35-48
    Kulcsszavak Piedmontese, Argentina, migration, Gallo-Italian dialect, sociolinguistics
    Absztrakt Like many other Romance languages, Piedmontese (a Gallo-Italian dialect from northern Italy) is spoken in Argentina. A wave of immigration touched Argentina between 1875 and 1914, between the depression of the last decades of the 19th century and World War I. The dominant language of the region, "Pampa Gringa", or the dominant foreign language of the area, was, until the 1950s, Piedmontese. It was only after the 1950s that Spanish took hold. Today it is practically the only spoken language, except in a few areas where the older generation continues to speak Piedmontese. The present paper is the result of a long investigation into this community, which included over 300 interviews with the descendants of the original immigrants. The paper has two objectives: to reconstruct the linguistic customs of the Piedmontese from the time of their arrival in Argentina up to today, and to collect the impressions and attitudes that their descendants have towards Piedmontese, as well as their relation to Castilian Spanish.
  • Szerző Bodor, Mária Anna
    Füzet Vol. IX/2007/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.9.2007.2.1
    Oldal pp. 125-154
    Kulcsszavak hermeneutics, subjectivity, Ricoeur, mythological age, Pythagoreanism
    Absztrakt The nature of language and meaning, and interpretation and subjectivity, are issues of increasing concern to a wide range of contemporary disciplines. For philosophers, linguists, social scientists and theologens, the clarifications of such issues has become an urgent and inescapable task. Historical experience is fundamentally the experience of belonging to a tradition that is received from the past. Yet, as Dilthey and Husserl have stressed, experience is essentially expressible, because it can be externalised in signs that need to be understood. In this way it has grown into the culmination of interpretation in an act of appropriation indicates that ontology forms the ultimate horizon of hermeneutics. For Heidegger, understanding is no longer conceived as a way of knowing but as a mode of being (short way), as a fundamental characteristic of our "being-in-the-world". While for Ricoeur (long way), history is in terms of the interaction between two developments: the movement from a regional to a general hermeneutics, and the transition from epistemology to ontology. Consequently, understanding is self-understanding, although the return to the self is not the first, but the final moment in the theory of interpretation. It follows that we shall not only be concerned with reasoned explanation or scientific observation, but shall be watching the emergence of these activities from the mists of a "pre-scientifics" or mythological age (Kerényi). Certainly Pythagoreanism is the most controversial subject in all Greek philosophy, but his vision of an "algorhythmical" cosmos allows us to know the first "locality", by which hermeneutics becomes not only general but fundamental towards a theology of religions.
  • Szerző Curlo, Vittoria
    Füzet Vol. IX/2007/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.9.2007.1.1
    Oldal pp. 5-14
    Kulcsszavak Antonio Mira de Amescua, Controversialist comedies, La confusión de Hungría, La jura del Príncipe, La fe de Hungría
    Absztrakt In Antonio Mira de Amescua's rich dramatic production, Hungary appears in at least four works. Each of them reveals the author's mentality and the reputation of this country in the Siglo de Oro Spain. In one of the four plays, La confusión de Hungría (The Confusion of Hungary), a complicated love affair, Hungary is no more than a far-away exotic land; in the other more serious three, the attention in focused on Transubstantiation, the main theme of La fe de Hungría (The Faith of Hungary) and La jura del Príncipe (The Prince's Oath), autos sacramentales in defence of this Catholic dogma. This was one of the most debated subjects showing the differences between the Catholic and the Reformed Church in the controversialist plays that appeared in Hungary in the 16th and 17th centuries. Those plays are quite different from most of the Spanish ones because of their lack of action. In fact, they only put debates on stage among the most important Christian Confessions, performed by the characters in a typical Hungarian confessional way. The last of Amescua's piece that we deal with, La hija de Carloe V (The Daughter of Charles V) hint at the same subject but only in a secondary plot.
  • Szerző Edelheit, Amos
    Füzet Vol. VIII/2006/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.2.1
    Oldal pp. 271-290
    Kulcsszavak humanism, philosophy, theology, renaissance, Florence
    Absztrakt The argument in this article is that we should not make clear-cut distinctions between humanism and philosophy or theology, and between the humanists and their contemporary scholastic theologians and philosophers, in the Florentine context of the second half of the fifteenth century. The relations between these two groups were complicated and included, beyond obvious differences, also mutual influences, not always discussed in detail among modern scholars. Starting from the known controversy between Eugenio Garin and Paul Oskar Kristeller regarding the nature of the humanist movement and its relations with philosophy, I then move-on to present four examples: the first two deal with "scholastic" theologians and preachers, the Dominicans Giovanni Caroli and Girolamo Savonarola, in whom I emphasize the humanist bias; the last two deal with humanist philosophers, Marsilio Ficino and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, in whom I emphasize the importance of religion and theology for the understanding of their philosophy.
  • Szerző Lukovszki, Judit
    Füzet Vol. VIII/2006/2
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.2.2
    Oldal pp. 291-298
    Kulcsszavak Eugène Ionesco, performance, vision, Alfred Jarry, image
    Absztrakt There is a tendency these days that makes us move away from the text to the direction of performance. The distinguished role of the text is becoming weaker; interest is focused on forms of expression that also stimulate our senses. The relation between the writer Ionesco and this tendency is close. Temporally considered, writing gives its place to messages which are made for the eyes: the ageing Ionesco is losing his belief in the power of the text, he only creates paintings near the end of his life. Also, sacred Christian, Tibetan, zen, etc. texts teach him the respect of silence. And silence gives place to images. This paper presents these issues with the help of an interpretation of one of Ionesco's plays, written in 1975, L'homme aux valies.
  • Szerző Majorossy, Imre Gábor
    Füzet Vol. VIII/2006/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.1.1
    Oldal pp. 5-21
    Kulcsszavak novas, Sleeping Beauty, fin'amors, biblical references, messenger bird
    Absztrakt This study deals with a so far not too often analysed old Provençal short story, which is a particular version of Sleeping Beauty. After an analysis of biblical vocabulary background and a presentation of various hidden oppositions in the novas, the paper focuses on the meaning of the speaking names, on the miracles and on the duplicated persons. As the second young couple plays a crucial role in the plot, it is necessary to find its identity and comprehensive literary function. The study concludes affirming that the short story shows the decline of fin'amor by a charming mixture of Christian, antique and popular beliefs. Among the three, it is the third that prevails, as the magic herb seems strong enough to wake up the dead princess. Even though the fin'amors ideology is still present, it is not predominating any more and cannot resolve the greatest human tragedy.
  • Szerző Rodríguez-Mansilla, Fernando
    Füzet Vol. VIII/2006/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.1.2
    Oldal pp. 23-35
    Kulcsszavak Antonio Muñoz Molina, Ventanas de Manhattan, contemporary Spanish novel, culture, arts and literature
    Absztrakt The paper considers Antonio Muñoz Molina's novel, Ventanas de Manhattan, and regards it as a reflection on culture. First, the structure of the novel is inspired by the topic of the "window" and the style of writing, basically description, conforms to an "art of looking" based on the narrator's habit of looking at art, which is considered to be one of the finest expressions of culture. In other respects, this narrative poetics fails when the narrator attempts to provide a description of the current reality of New York. This failure, a crisis of representation, is provoked, at the time, by a crisis of culture: the contemporary world does not harmonize culture as "art" with culture as a "way of life." New York appears in the book as a modern Babylon, where the narratorprotagonist seeks his identity and judges the way the world goes.
  • Szerző Lécrivain, Claudine
    Füzet Vol. VIII/2006/1
    Kategória Artes
    DOI 10.1556/Verb.8.2006.1.3
    Oldal pp. 37-59
    Kulcsszavak colour, translation, Spanish literature, French literature
    Absztrakt The following analysis is a reflection on the translations of the colour yellow and the shades of blonde found in a body of French and Spanish literary texts in an attempt to delimit the situations in which literal translations of these terms occur. Our analysis shall examine situations where translators propose distinct types of distancing from these literal translations through an application of their own colour filter. These interpretative strategies eithermanifest an intensification of realism or, on the contrary, an almost spontaneous solution to codified reading practices.
  • Szerző Nuzzo, Armando
    Füzet Vol. VII/2005/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 341-371
    Absztrakt Coluccio Salutati (1332-1406) was the most sensible inheritor of Petrarch's doctrine in Florence. An example for this is the continuity from Petrarch's Vires illustres to Salutati's Famosi cives, that is, to illustrate paintings depicting famous people with verses. Filippo Scolari (1369-1426), better known as Pippo Spano or Ozorai Pipó, spent a major part of his life in Hungary. The paper considers an unsigned official state letter sent to Scolari in 1405 from Florence to have been written by Salutati. It signals the first step towards the Scolarian myth as a devoted statesman, eventually immortalized by Andrea del Castagno in his frescos of Florentine figures. Many other of Salutati's state letters offer similarly interesting material to study the onset of humanism in Europe and the relationship between Florence and the Hungarian Kingdom.
  • Szerző Csocsán de Várallja, Eugène
    Füzet Vol. VII/2005/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 5-25
    Absztrakt The market pulsates in the teleological dynamism of the economy. The price formations of the market focus on the problem of value. The various goods obtain a common denominator in value judgements through the three stages of evaluation. At the first stage in the ontological base constituted by the analogia proportionis of utility, reason, the mind, can recognise the teleological relationship. At the second stage in this light of aims, reason can appreciate the value relationships in the items' rarity compared with the goals proposed. At the third stage, reason compares the possibilities of means with the aims which count to the person's will, and the various disparate items become of equal value by the decision of the will, in which the standard is the virtue of prudence. Economic value is measured by money, which is the product of the human society's will following our reason, as the society of monkeys lacks money. Money is such a tool of measuring economic value by which we might acquire anything according to its measure, as it is a draft on the national product constituting its real matter in the Aristotelian sense.
  • Szerző Bolberitz, Pál
    Füzet Vol. VII/2005/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 27-36
    Absztrakt The recent crisis of Christianity is in close relation to the false interpretation of the concept on human dignity, related to the general public conviction and separated from the Perfect Goodness, that is God, Who designates man's dignity in the right use of the appropriately interpreted liberty. Therefore, man's misinterpreted dignity in the euphoria of its spurious glorification, is manifested in the separation of liberty of choice from the liberty of decision, the dismissals and ignorance of responsibility and commitment. Nevertheless, man's dignity is established in the likeness to the Divine, and the execution of liberty is ensured just by accomplishing the likeness to the Divine and following Christ's lead because only in this way is man able to properly express his similarity to the creating and governing, or rather redeeming God both in the form of free choice and decision, which is directed to God.
  • Szerző Funk-Deckard, Michael
    Füzet Vol. VII/2005/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 37-56
    Absztrakt According to the Irish novelist James Joyce, Thomas Aquinas's well-known formal trilogy from the Summa Theologiae is central to understanding beauty: proportio, claritas, and integritas. Joyce in fact formulated a youthful aesthetic based on Aquinas in his novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916). Despite Joyce's ontological misunderstanding of Thomas, this article resumes several interpretations of Thomist aesthetics (i.e., J. Maritain, U. Ecco, and F. J. Kovach) and strives to renew an understanding of contemporary art with regard to its relationship to the good/true and the possible rejection of this relationship.
  • Szerző Lalla, Sebastian
    Füzet Vol. VII/2005/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 57-72
    Absztrakt Die Untersuchung zu Thomas von Aquin und dem Judentum zeigt anhand dreier Bezugspunkte (De regimine judaeorum, Summa theologiae und zwei philosophischen Beispielen), daß Thomas hinter einer Position anscheinender Kritik dem Judentum hohe Wertschätzung entgegenbrachte. Zwangstaufe und Ungerechtigkeiten den jüdischen Gemeinden gegenüber werden abgelehnt, dafür betont Thomas die Sonderstellung der jüdischen Religion im Zusammenhang rationaler Freiheit des natürlichen Gesetzes: Juden sollen ihre Bräuche ausüben und sind als Gesprächspartner im philosophischen wie theologischen Dialog gefragt.
  • Szerző Tarabochia Canavero, Alessandra
    Füzet Vol. VII/2005/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 73-102
    Absztrakt Two allegorical paintings by Raphael - Knight's Dream or (Scipio's Dream) and the Three Graces - should be considered as bearers of a single message. The three classical life styles, i.e., intellectual, active and voluptuous, symbolized by a book, a sword, and a small branch of myrtle, which two young women show to the sleeping knight, are not incompatible, but reconcilable, as Marsilio Ficino writes to Lawrence the Magnificent. All this is seen by the knight in his dream. The dream, as vacatio animae, is the site of possibility and conciliation. The three Graces show this in the reality, with their ideal dance, expression of the harmony of the opposites, fulfilled by love.
  • Szerző Majorossy, Imre Gábor
    Füzet Vol. VII/2005/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 103-113
    Absztrakt The following study continues the long-lasting debate on the authentic interpretation of the famous poem Dulcis Iesu memoria. As part of a major work, the paper shows the literary character of the deeply religious poem, still very popular these days, underlining its troubadour features. As the English origin of the poem has been revealed by André Wilmart, philological problems are not treated here; however, the mainstream tradition is accepted in a particular way: Saint Bernard did not write but did inspire the poem. It was the specific cultural and literary environment that exerted an obvious influence on the author, on the troubadour saint and inconnu as well.
  • Szerző Müller, Sigrid
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 301-314
    Absztrakt In his discussion about moral theology, Capreolus shows an impartial way of presenting the positions of the moderni. Capreolus was aware of the differences between the authors of this group. With respect to the notion of grace, he even regarded Aquinas's position as a happy medium between authors who were later attributed to the via moderna. The topics touched upon on this realm were not exposed to polemics. This can be explained by the explicitly theological character of the dispute.While Capreolus's polemics were directed against the use of theological tools in philosophical discussion, the realm of theology itself does not present a place of conict. His discussion of moral theology does not mention voluntarism. These concepts were not part of how the moral theology of the later called via moderna was understood at the beginning of the 15th century.
  • Szerző Dudley, John
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 315-324
    Absztrakt In this article, an attempt is made to show how freedom is possible. The objection that Divine Providence and its opposite, scientific or physical determinism, make freedom impossible is examined. The question is raised as to whether the universe consists of things (beings/substances), which is a presupposition of scientific determinism. The order in the universe is held not to be an objection to freedom. It is argued that the future is not determined on the basis that causes refer to the past, not the future. Freedom would appear to depend on the soul not being determined like a stone, but a self-mover. In addition, intellect appears necessary, since freedom requires choice, which in turn requires the capacity to deliberate. If both soul and intellect are required for freedom, it is understandable that human beings alone in the universe are free.
  • Szerző Svoboda, David
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 325-333
    Absztrakt The paper shows how two outstanding Thomists solved the problem of the Divine previous concursus in relation to human freedom. First, the paper explains what the Physical premotion according to Thomists is, and then it turns to the Thomistic definition of self-determination in order to follow the Thomistic explanation that the infallible outgoing of the act of willing is compatible with human freedom. The author tries to analyse some key Thomistic claims with the help of possible world semantics.
  • Szerző Rosenthal, Alexander S.
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 335-344
    Absztrakt The theory of the desiderium naturale in St. Thomas Aquinas has raised some of the most difficult questions in the history of Roman Catholic thought. At issue is whether a natural desire to see the divine essence can be reconciled with the necessarily supernatural and gratuitous manner of this desire's fulfillment. The 16th century Dominican, Cardinal Cajetan strove to mollify the problem by proposing a duplex ordo in which the hypothetical state of pure nature would have its own natural end distinct from man's supernatural end. This ostensible solution to the issue was regnant until the broad ranging criticisms of the Nouvelle Theologie in the 20th century (represented especially by Henri De Lubac). The theologies of grace, which emerged after this critique - most notably that of Karl Rahner - sought to remedy the Neoscholastic separation of nature and grace by an equally problematic integration of the two orders. We propose that the dangers inherent in both the extrinsecism of Cajetan and the immanentism of Rahner can be addressed by turning to alternative interpretations of the desiderium naturale (in particular that of Domingo Bañez), which do greater justice to the harmony and integrity of the orders of nature and grace.
  • Szerző Volek, Peter
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 345-356
    Absztrakt As a detailed analysis of the text of St. Thomas Aquinas shows, Aquinas was influenced by the Aristotelian notion of a succession of souls. It means that the human embryo is infused at a moment of conception, first with a vegetative soul, then with a sensitive soul, and finally with a rational soul. Aquinas' description of a woman as mas occasionatus was also inuenced by Aristotle's biology, because a woman is not generated as a man with respect to the particular nature, but only with respect to the universal nature. This is why he attributes to a woman a certain lower dignity in her relationship to man, a biological and functional inferiority. Such an evaluation of a woman was not based on the metaphysical principles used for an explanation of human being, but it was caused by an influence of Aristotelian biology. This paper is an attempt to discuss an equality between man and woman on the basis of contemporary biology and genetics with the use of the Aristotelian-Thomistic metaphysical principles.
  • Szerző Stančienė, Dalia Marija
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 357-368
    Absztrakt Thomas Aquinas' concept of law is an example of the application of Aristotelian teleology to the integral theory of ethics, law and governing. Aquinas' concept of natural law is called moral law by many scholars. Man is able to anticipate the law of action in relation to eternal law, and such participation in eternal law Thomas calls natural law. The ethics starts from the principle good is to be done and evil is to be avoided. This principle is the basis for the rest of the ethical precepts concerning what is to be done and what is to be avoided. Man has innate general orientations on how to live and behave in this world. Conscience evaluates and judges the motives and moral qualities of actions. This is the main idea of natural law, which is described in the article.
  • Szerző Boda, László
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 369-378
    Absztrakt The author tries to clarify the authentic human anthropology of St. Thomas, considering the "per excessum" interpretation of Hume and the "per defectum" valuation of the human emotions in stoicism. Thomas was referred to as "Doctor Angelicus" but he is also "Doctor Humanus". He applies the requirements of "recta ratio" and "virtus in medio" with respect to the role of human emotions, too. To the efficacy of "habitus operativus" he accepts the helping role of "disposition" as a type of inspiration. In this conception, "habitus entitativus", as the general state of health, is connected with the emotional forces of the soul, i.e. with the "passiones". The theological aspect of the feelings can be considered especially in relation to the inspirations of the Holy Spirit. This is the teaching of Sigmund Freud, too, but his "Libido" cannot obtain the joy of soul. The spiritual joy is the result of real happiness, or as Thomas puts it, "delectatio consequtur beatitudinem".
  • Szerző Sità, Michele
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 379-385
    Absztrakt The relationship between reason and faith is very delicate, and they both are elements of upmost importance for St. Thomas Aquinas but also for S. Kierkegaard. For Aquinas, man is composed of body and soul (the body is corruptible and the soul is immortal) and he affirms the individual's singularity, a conception that we can also find in Kierkegaard. We can perceive many other similarities but also a substantial difference between them; namely the fact that Kierkegaard is more tragic than St. Thomas, this is a particular difference that contains many contrasts. Maybe this interpretation seems rash but if we go into the problem in more depth we can also hear a conversation between both the philosophers. In this conversation the time barriers are knocked down and we can see the approach of two big thinkers on similar topics.
  • Szerző Kormos, József
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 387-395
    Absztrakt Edith Stein (1891-1942) was at first a student of Edmund Husserl in Göttingen, later she became his assistant in Freiburg. According to Husserl, she had a thorough knowledge of phenomenology, and she applied it as well. Having become a Catholic and translating De veritate by St. Thomas Aquinas, she turned to the method of Aquinas with new interest. As a consequence, she integrates the topic of faith in the Husserlian phenomenology. She assumes faith as an epistemological source. This faith postulates its subject matter, i.e., the existence of God, because of intentionality. This way, she claims to avoid the danger if subjectivism or solipism present in the Husserlian brackets. Her interpretation of faith is twofold as well as the essence revealed in the case of Husserl. For Stein, the faith found in the transcendental sphere is also valid knowledge in everyday reality, although this knowledge by faith - and here she relates to the mystics - is also different from ordinary knowledge inasmuch as it refers to the essence, God, and the existence of God at the same time. Using the Husserlian phenomenology and the scholastics of Aquinas, Stein aims at a religious philosophical grounding in which the existence-postulate of Aquinas and the essence-postulate of Husserl are both present.
  • Szerző Cselényi, István Gábor
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 397-411
    Absztrakt Modern humanism, in the form of Marxism and existentialism, is humanism without God where the present-day man has lost his transcendental sources. These novel, "post-modern" philosophies have created a new mythology, i.e. the myth of existence (Sein) and ontology. In the 20th century, ontology is no more the science of the existent but that of the existence. According to Heidegger, all previous philosophy forgot about existence, beclouded being. In my essay I aim to show that the accusation of forgetting about being is valid exactly for the new, fashionable philosophies. They constantly refer to "existence", whereas in fact they narrow it down to material and perceptible existent (the matter) or the subjective existent (the human being), i.e., they are concerned with the existent and not existence itself. And this is the root of the tragedy of modern man. With regard to Christian tradition, and thus Thomism-neo-Thomism, ontology had indeed been the science of the existent (ens). However, an in-depth analysis shows that existence (esse) and not the existent stands at the core of St. Thomas's teachings. Hence the accusation of Heidegger is not valid for Aquinas. As a matter of fact, St. Thomas elaborated an extraordinary ontology even in a "post-Heideggerian" sense. St. Thomas himself is going to be our guide in this treatise. We might as well say that Aquinas himself answers the problems of existence of present-day man. One can build an undistorted humanism upon this ontology, which avoids the one-sidedness and immanentism of both materialism and subjectivism. The Christian humanism of the man open to existence, to God, is the unspoilt heritage of Saint Thomas.
  • Szerző Teschke, Henning
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 413-422
    Absztrakt The difference between the univocal and the equivocal concept of being marks a firm separation of philosophy from theology. Considering the analogia entis as the core structure of the epistemology of Thomas corresponding to the concept of being as the supreme reference point of his metaphysics, Deleuze misses a positive concept of difference in Thomas, who cannot avoid explaining difference in relation to an external reference or to a transcendent principle. Analogical Being, whenever related to particular beings, can never say what constitutes their individuality. Therefore, Deleuze traces the tradition of ontological univocity, noting it first in Duns Scotus, in order to think about difference in a new way. Only a univocal, anti-hierarchical ontology of immanence is capable of thinking about difference in itself or of providing difference with its own concept.
  • Szerző Tat, Alin
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 423-434
    Absztrakt Thomism as "Christian philosophy" wishes to provide an answer to the question of the relation between philosophy and theology in Saint Thomas Aquinas. The expression itself became famous with Etienne Gilson and the interesting debate that gathered some influential philosophers and theologians in the 1930's. For Gilson, Aquinas is the main figure of the Christian philosophy. Aquinas comes after a long tradition of "Christian philosophy", as Claude Tresmontant demonstrated in his works. According to him, the decisive facet of Christian metaphysics and, at the same time, its condition of possibility, is revelation. The questions of Christian philosophy are those of the human intellect that go from revelation to experience and from experience to revelation.
  • Szerző Kpalap, Linus
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 435-449
    Absztrakt Rahner and Lonergan bear witness to and emphasize a personal commitment to St. Thomas Aquinas. This personal commitment to St. Thomas is what counts, whether the study of St. Thomas is encouraged by ecclesiastical authority or not, whether Thomistic Studies boom or are considered out of fashion. The personal commitment to St. Thomas has its grounds in the ongoing relevance of St. Thomas thought, and this sets before us the tasks of appropriating his framework, and transposing Aquinas' framework into the self-understanding of the contemporary person as we search for answers and solutions to questions and problems of our time. And the process of transposing Aquinas' framework into the self-understanding of the contemporary person leads to developing the position of Aquinas, thereby arguing a case for what William A. Wallace calls "developmental Thomism."
  • Szerző Hoppál, Bulcsú Kál
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 451-459
    Absztrakt The paper will examine the role of the notion of Vorgriff in Rahner's thought. Rahner was convinced that man's nature is being oriented towards God. The meaning of the notion of Vorgriff ('preapprehension') depicts man as a being who lacks something and whose main characteristic is "world-openness''. In which sense can one preapprehend being? Is it apprehended in totality, or partly? Is it an explicit or implicit knowledge about being? If we proceed with this motion of the intellect to infinity, how can one, without further ado, identify infinity with God? In the paper, I shall examine the philosophical roots of Rahner's notion of Vorgriff, as one can find it in Maréchal and Heidegger. In addition, I will show how Rahner reconciles the Kantian challenge with Maréchal and Heidegger. Finally, I will argue that the notion of Vorgriff opens the way of transcendental Thomism towards the Platonic tradition.
  • Szerző Erb, Frederick III
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 461-482
    Absztrakt The history of the dialogue between Thomists and the modern world in the past century reveals many shifts and transformations unforeseen yet instigated by Leo XIII, in his 1879 encyclical Aeterni Patris. The evolution of "Thomism" - that Christian philosophy deriving its inspiration from the works of Thomas Aquinas - in the past 125 years has centered on the twin issues of authenticity (conservation) and enculturation (innovation), viz., "How can Thomist philosophers be authentic interpreters of Aquinas while simultaneously engaging mainstream contemporary philosophies by contributing in some meaningful way to the concrete particular concerns of the present age?" With this problematic in mind, the author traces the evolution of Thomism as practiced in North American institutions of higher learning, and discerns five 'models' or approaches of Thomistic studies, namely, exclusivist (triumphalist), formational, conservative (traditionalist), dialogical, and pluralist (inclusivist). The future prospects of Thomism are argued to rely largely on the degree of success to which Catholic educators are able to transmit Aquinas' ethics and spirituality to the postmodern mind.
  • Szerző Szabó, Ferenc S.J.
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 483-495
    Absztrakt The Jesuits' Ratio Studiorum ordered to follow St. Thomas's theology. Between 1603-1607, at the University of Graz, Péter Pázmány S.J. gave lectures on St. Thomas's Summa Theologie and commented on its most important issues. St. Thomas thoroughly studied the problem of faith (de Fide) and explained the questions of grace and liberty (de auxiliis) debated by the Jesuits and the Dominicans. He found a fine balance between Banezianism and Molinism through the following main principle: grace intensifies liberty, that is, God does not act on behalf of us but makes us act.
  • Szerző Lobato, Abelardo
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 7-23
    Absztrakt The present paper exposes the cultural role of Saint Thomas as it was viewed in history. Usually, with the passing of time, the memory of a man and his works weakens and decreases, while in the case of “geniuses”, the opposite appears to happen. Thomas belongs to this latter characterization: the remoter his life, the stronger his presence. There are three decisive factors related to his ascend: his canonization in Avignon by Pope John XXI (1323), the title Doctor Ecclesiae, given by Pope Pius V (1567), and the encyclical letter Aeterni Patris of Pope Leo XIII (1879). These historical events encouraged the study and the comprehensive apprehension of the Thomist doctrine in its true reality and value. At the beginning of the third millennium, the Thomist thought has a more significant cultural presence than previously. The critical edition of his works, their translation into various languages and the extensive number of studies on his thinking have contributed to the continuous discovery of his doctrinal system. Thomas has become the distinguished teacher, the Doctor humanitatis in theology, metaphysics, anthropology, and ethics. His historical role is a positive sign for the culture of the third millennium.
  • Szerző Knasas, John F. X.
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 25-37
    Absztrakt I begin by explaining how Aquinas understands the task of the theologian so that theology necessarily includes much philosophy. I then present two philosophical theses from Aquinas and describe their relevance for contemporary discussion to the contrary: first, Aquinas' immediate and direct realism of sensation versus the priority of consciousness since the critical turn and, second, Aquinas' view of the thing's existence as a unique kind of act or attribute of the thing versus the contemporary fact-view of what is meant by the thing's existence.
  • Szerző Lehrberger, James, O. Cist.
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 39-49
    Absztrakt Down through the ages different philosophers, whatever their other disagreements, have insisted that the philosophic life is the best human life. As philosophers, they equate happiness with wisdom, the comprehensive account of the whole of reality in light of its first principles and causes. In his Expositio super librum Boethii de trinitate, Thomas Aquinas denies this teaching. He asserts, rather, that philosophy can know with absolute certainty that it cannot attain such wisdom and thus that it cannot be the best life. More precisely, Thomas argues that the limited abstracting power of the agent intellect precludes in principle the very possibility of a quod est knowledge of the First Principle of the whole; human beings must resign themselves to a mere quia knowledge of it at best. On the other hand, the philosophers are right to identify happiness with wisdom; but the very impossibility of attaining that wisdom negates the claims that philosophy provides the best and happy life. Thomas, in short, turns the philosophers own arguments against themselves. He discovers the roots of the philosophers erroneous account of the best life in their now disproved assumption that the human mind is commensurate with reality itself.
  • Szerző Robiglio, Andrea A.
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 51-59
    Absztrakt In the late 13th century Latin west, the problem of the proper subject of metaphysics (a legacy of the Avicenna Latinus) became relevant. Two candidates were open at the time: that of the “ens in quantum ens” as the proper subject of metaphysics, and that of the separate and “most noble substances”. This transition allows for a deeper reading of the Condemnation of 1277. The structure of the Condemnation reveals an intriguing commitment on the part of the condemned articles concerning the separate substances (or angels) and the peculiar neoplatonic ìchain of beingî that was the underpinning of their accounts. Peter Olivi argued against the neoplatonic “chain of being” soon after 1277. Even if this polemic is still neglected in the secondary literature on 1277, Olivi's interpretation of the state of the debate reinforces the reading of the Paris Condemnation with regard to neoplatonistic chains of being, and the options available for characterizing the proper subject of metaphysics.
  • Szerző Rokay, Zoltán
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 61-66
    Absztrakt A certain questio, which is entitled De unitate intellectus remained from the Master (St. Albert the Great) and also from his disciple (St. Thomas Aquinas). Both works deal with the question of the particular souls (cf. monopsychismus). The two works differ from each another in many aspects; moreover, there is not any textual similarity. St. Albert explains this question on the basis of potentia and actus, but St. Thomas employs the theory of substantia and accidens. St. Albert makes an important correction regarding this theme: in his opinion, potentia prima is the same as ens possibile in seipso and it is not the materia; moreover, actus primus is the same as ens necesse, and it is not the forma. But the most significant diVerence between the concepts of St. Albert and St. Thomas is that St. Albert has no intentions against the Averroists in his work, in some cases, he even speaks highly of them. Therefore the question of unitas intellectus was independent from the Averroists, and it can be an topical question, too.
  • Szerző Nejeschleba, Tomaš
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 67-78
    Absztrakt This paper deals with the differences between the concept of the agent intellect in Thomas Aquinas and in the early Franciscan school with a focus on St. Bonaventure.While according to Aquinas the agent intellect is the faculty of the human soul, in the thought of Alexander of Hales, John of La Rochelle and St. Bonaventure it has a double or even a triple meaning. In the Franciscan Masters the agent intellect is simultaneously considered as a faculty of the human soul but also as God himself and in John of La Rochelle as an angelic intelligence, too. This comparison could be useful in a new interpretation of the Condemnation of 1277 where the proposition on the separate agent intellect is also considered. It seems that the condemnation of this proposition 118 is in accord with the doctrine of Thomas Aquinas. What is actually being condemned here is the doctrine, partially held by the Franciscan friars, who are traditionally considered as initiators of the Condemnation.
  • Szerző Vyšniauskas, Gintautas
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 79-84
    Absztrakt Predicating the universal properties of things to God we inevitably cast the net of logical intentions on Him. Only later can we disentangle Him from it by means of additional thinking. Therefore, it is probable that Aquinas says “Deus autem ponitur primum principium, non materiale, sed in genere causae efficientis” (S.T. I, 4, 1 in c.) just because here he looks at the infinite perfection of God through the limited perfection of things and wants to remind us that in such a perspective God is seen quasi in the genus. It is very important that Aquinas does not say, “Deus est in genere”, but: “Deus ponitur in genere” (emphasis mine). The neglecting of this diVerence between the est and the ponitur and interpreting the latter as if it were the former compels the translators form Latin to substitute genus by other terms. But these substitutions are doubtful.
  • Szerző Quinn, Patrick
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 85-93
    Absztrakt St. Thomas's views on the human soul and mind are shaped by Platonic as well as Aristotelian influences. His account of the human soul as the substantial principle and form of human life quickly becomes translated into a definition of the soul as an intelligent substance that exists on the boundary line of bodily and non-bodily substances as though it were on the horizon of time and eternity, according to Summa contra Gentiles, Book 11, Chapter 81. The human being as a whole is also described in this way in Summa Theologica 1.77.2. This “boundary” image of the human being allows St. Thomas in Summa Theologica 1.89.1 to account for how knowledge can occur in the absence of the body after death. It also enables Aquinas to explain in other texts how religious ecstasy can occur in life before death in that the sensory powers are supernaturally suspended to free the mind to see God. Thus non-bodily based knowledge before or after death with all the important implications involved are philosophically accounted for, at least up to a point, by Platonism. This is not to deny Aquinas's Aristotelianism but simply to note the existential importance of Platonic insights in his thinking also, especially when St. Thomas attempts to philosophically present his views on how knowledge occurs in human beings in the absence of the senses.
  • Szerző Matula, Jozef
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 95-107
    Absztrakt The article deals with Aquinas' relation to Avempace's theory of intellect, especially with his criticism of the conception of agent intellect as presented by Avempace. The author examines the parts of Aquinas' works where he rejects Avempace's theory of coniunctio as a union with the divine realm and Avempace's identification of imagination with intellect. The criticism is founded on the background of Aquinas' discussion with Averroism. The second part of the article deals with Aquinas' criticism of Avempace's theory of speculative sciences, which consist of he problem whether the ultimate happiness of man is to understand the separate substances. Aquinas criticizes the theory according to which through the pursuit of the speculative sciences man comes to the understanding of separate substances from the sensible things. Aquinas is very sceptical of this opinion and he strictly follows Aristotle's emphasis on senses and phantasms. The only things a human being can know in the speculative sciences are those that are grounded within the range of naturally known principles. The author shows the metaphysical presuppositions of Aquinas and Avempace which are momentous for the understanding of the diVerent interpretations of Aristotle.
  • Szerző Gotia, Andrei
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 109-116
    Absztrakt In this article, the author analyzes closely the most famous Eucharistic hymn written by St. Aquinas, Adoro Te devote, in the light of passages from the Summa Theologiae which treat the Holy Eucharist. In looking at Fra Angelico's La Crocefissione, which contains one of the renowned portraits of St. Thomas, the author finds similarities with the hymn.
  • Szerző Riedenauer, Markus
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 117-133
    Absztrakt Aquinas' ethical theory contains two basic approaches, Aristotelian virtue ethics, and the law. How is their relationship to be understood? Are there genuinely philosophical ethics? We analyse Aquinas' theories of appetite (§I ) and emotions (§II ), examine their relevance for ethics and their integration into his account of natural law(§III ). Three central formulations give the focus of each part: I. bonum nominat id in quod tendit appetitus - appetitions create motivational relations to the good, the fundamental practical dispositions. II. Passiones appetitus indicatores ad bonum - the emotions are inclinations to the good, thus providing the primary evaluation of situations. Their basic objectivity becomes clearer in Aquinas' ordering of the passions. III. Secundum ordinem inclinationum naturalium est ordo praeceptorum legis naturae - natural law theory, properly understood, reveals the autonomy of practical reasoning and its independence from metaphysical interpretation exactly because of the theory of desire. The highest praeceptum contains desire insofar as it names the structure of acting as acting which is defined by its relation to something good as good. In my interpretation, neither the virtues nor the law nor the connection of both parts of Aquinas' ethical theory can be understood without desire, passiones, appetitus naturalis.
  • Szerző Erb, Heather M.
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 135-159
    Absztrakt Various mystical traditions and much of modern scholarship sever the connection between mysticism and metaphysical claims. For Aquinas, differing ontological claims both generate and correlate logically to diverse mystical claims, under the aegis of one analogous notion of truth. In this way, Aquinas' mystical theology offers a metaphysics of mystical union, according to which a thing's nobility of being corresponds to its degree of union with God. Aquinas' metaphysical positions both define and circumscribe his interpretation of religious experience. This examines the points of contact between metaphysics andmysticism. Second, it takes the metaphysical issue of monism versus pluralism as a locus for intersecting truth claims in metaphysics and mysticism. Third, examines the context, formulation and solution to the problem of the "one and the many" within Aquinas' metaphysics, including its relevance for his mystical theology. Fourth, it examines a metaphysical paradox taken from the domain of the intellect, and show how it stands at the threshold of mystical experience for Aquinas.
  • Szerző Tarabochia Canavero, Alessandra
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 161-177
    Absztrakt The theme of light is not central in Aquinas' thought. He speaks about it when the opportunity arises, especially when he is concerned with the creation of the world and vision. When he is concerned with light, Thomas appears as the magister, Aristotle's follower, an alert reader of the sacra pagina and of the sancti's works. He clearly adheres to the physics and cosmology of Aristotle and solves the old equivocation according to which light is part both of the sensible and intelligible and divine: proprie light is the one, and the only one, with the help of which we can see through they eyes of our body. Light is the medium through which the sun and the other heavenly bodies influence our world, it is connected to the natural warmth and favours of life. It is neither a body nor a form or substance or a substantial form, but it is the qualitas activa of the sun and of the other self-shining bodies. But as light has a virtus manifestativa, we can speak of light even metaphorice in all the cases in which we have a form of sight or knowledge. For that Thomas can write: "Divina sapienta lux dicitur, prout in puro actu cognitionis consistit."
  • Szerző Blackwell, Constance
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 179-188
    Absztrakt Thomas Aquinas is usually studied as a metaphysician, this is not the reading given to him by three Renaissance philosophers. At the turn of the sixteenth century there were at least two schools of Thomists, one influenced by Avicenna and Scotus, and the other influenced by Averroes, a reading of Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas himself. The discussion below traces how the interpretation of Thomas' De ente et essentia was changed from being a text for metaphysics to one used for physics. One of the meanings of ens - being - was as a term that was coterminous with the object. As a result, the debate over the first thing thought or the De primo cognito debate centered around the meaning for the term ens, the following essay demonstrates how it moved from metaphysics to physics.
  • Szerző Almási, Zsolt
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 189-198
    Absztrakt The present paper aims at reading a famous passage on the freedom of choice from Giovanni Pico della Mirandola's Oratio in the light that St. Thomas of Aquinas' De ente et essentia might cast upon it so as to make room for a fresh reading of the Oratio. This attempt is significant, because as far as the critical tradition is concerned the part of Pico's work is entrapped in two extreme views: the one claims that it is a serious philosophical statement, while the other refuting this view notes that it can only be a rhetorical introduction to the main theme of the Oratio. Showing the disadvantages of these views, and thus refuting them, I will propose a more accommodating position for the interpretation of the passage, which consists in reading it as a modification of Aquinas' logico-ontological scheme with the objective to show how moral philosophy may help one see the ethical aspect of his life in greater depth.
  • Szerző Dagron, Tristan
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 199-213
    Absztrakt In his De fato, written in 1520, Pomponazzi examines Thomas Aquinas's doctrine of predestination. From his point of view, Thomas's solution to the traditional conflict between divine science and human liberty is twofold: it mixes philosophy and theology, thereby transforming the revealed doctrine as well as that of philosophical rationality. The analysis of the Thomistic position is therefore an opportunity to define the specificity of the theological discourse from a critical point of view.
  • Szerző Blum, Paul Richard
    Füzet Vol. VI/2004/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 215-226
    Absztrakt Renaissance humanists tended to disregard medieval scholasticism. But most of humanist anti-scholasticism was directed against late medieval exaggerations in the areas of conceptualism and nominalism. Therefore, it is interesting to find out whether these humanists had a precise and justified view of medieval philosophers and theologians, and especially of Thomas Aquinas. Two writings of humanists, which expressly deal with Aquinas, namely the Encomium S. Thomae Aquinatis by Lorenzo Valla (1457) and the Opus aureum in Thomistas (1490s) by Johannes Baptista Spagnoli Matnovano give witness of the humanist philosophical approach to the saint and teacher of the Church. A look at these two treatises discloses some basic features of humanist thought, and ex negativo of the importance and specific value of Thomas Aquinas in the post-medieval culture. They also show samples of how monopolizing one authority might endanger its very acceptance.
  • Szerző Bernardi, Ulderico
    Füzet Vol. V/2003/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 295-305
    Absztrakt The paper discusses the cultural hybridazation of the peoples of the Adriatic from the point of view of food identity. Venice was a grand empire during the era of the Serene Republic, a crossroads of knowledge of all kinds. People exerted their cultural influence from places like Veneto, Friuli, Istrana, Dalmatia, Israel, Albania, Greece, Armenia, Germany, and Turkey. The cultural excellence of patrician cuisine has its roots in this cultural mixture, with its expertise of Oriental spices (such as pepper, cinnamon, moscata nuts, cloves) and the unique preparation of dried salted fish. It is this aspect of the Adriatic that the present paper focuses on.
  • Szerző Alario, Leonardo R.
    Füzet Vol. V/2003/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 307-338
    Absztrakt Songs are not only the soundtracks of man's life, the melodies about his acts, reality, feelings, and state of mind ensnaring every aspect of his everyday life as well as the society he lives in, but they are also medicine that heal one - even if for just a moment - from anguish, pain, the chores of life. In times of suVering and famine, songs about food bring a dream of abundance with their vivid tone, chasing rhythm, and with their excessive enumeration of various dishes; however, they do not represent a state of happiness, rather, they reflect the unbearable pain the yearning for food and filling up the stomach bring about. Nevertheless, these songs were a kind of mental therapy, to release one from suffering. The present paper explores these songs on food, utilizing various papers written on this topic, as well as the results of diachronic and synchronic sociohistorical research.
  • Szerző Paál, Zsuzsanna
    Füzet Vol. V/2003/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 339-354
    Absztrakt The article attempts to present everyday religiousness and the effects of religion on culture, and illustrates them with a case study. Following Geertz (1994), the author emphasizes the qualitative aspect of religion. Based on some of the results of her field work carried out in Padova, the author shows that it is the individual and everyday religiousness that can lead us to gain a better understanding of the cultural dimensions of human behaviour. She goes on to illustrate the extent religion has rooted in traditional rural life, as well as providing examples and a brief analysis of everyday religious customs and the effect religion exerts on culture.
  • Szerző Claudon, Francis
    Füzet Vol. IV/2002/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 217-227
    Absztrakt In occasion of the bicentenaire of Victor Hugo's birth the author reminds the fact that the Hungarian composer Ferenc Liszt was probably the first to contribute to Hugo's international career by publishing six of his poems set to music in 1844. Further on he investigates about affininities and the relationships of the two personalities.
  • Szerző Lőrinszky, Ildikó
    Füzet Vol. IV/2002/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 229-243
    Absztrakt The author of this study points out that Victor Hugo was the person Flaubert delt most with in his Correspondence. The contradictory images of Hugo in the letters of his younger collegue form alltogether a very complex way of approach to both writers. In this way the study shows the evolution of Falubert's esthetic sense in comparison with the works of "père Hugo".
  • Szerző Kirsch, Fritz Peter
    Füzet Vol. IV/2002/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 245-253
    Absztrakt If observed from far (from Eastern Middle Europe, for instance), Victor Hugo's work might seem depending only and absolutely on French culture history. The author of this article shows that at the light of the theory of the civilisation process (N. Elias) this literature is born in the context of the monachic centralism when the renewal is necessary after the Revolution's pains, and so a new élite is emerging.
  • Szerző Csuday, Csaba
    Füzet Vol. IV/2002/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 255-263
    Absztrakt The subject of this article in the analysis and the comment on the six-lined siguiriya of Garcia Lorca, titeled The Silence. The author attempts to set this "minimized" corpus free from its context and arrive at possible meaning considering the short poem like "a fossil, a sign-object" in its "naked and extreme soltinede" as, in his Archeology of Knowledge Michel Faucault has proposed.
  • Szerző Király, Erzsébet
    Füzet Vol. IV/2002/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 5-21
    Absztrakt In this article the Author provides a new interpretation of sin and free will in Dante's Comedy. She analyses first of all the "veglio" of Crethe, the speech of Marco Lombardo and the vision of the "femina balba", showing the new motives in the encounter of Dante with a new situation. In the Paradise on Earth every tension is absent: peace replaces the "war" of proceeding and piety.
  • Szerző Mátyus, Norbert
    Füzet Vol. IV/2002/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 23-42
    Absztrakt The subject of this article is Giovanni da Serravalle's commentary on Dante's Comedy. The Author argues that Michele Barbi's and Carlo Dionisotti's evaluation of the translation and commentary has to be completed by another point of view: the dependence of Giovanni da Serravalle from other chiosatori on the 14th century. He chooses the interpretation problems of veltro to show this.
  • Szerző Szörényi, László
    Füzet Vol. IV/2002/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 43-53
    Absztrakt The Author provides a survey on the presence of references to Hungary and Hungarians in Benvenuto da Imola's commentary on Dante's work. These references were used until now as indications for the dating - Szörényi shows several elements that refer to Louis I, the Great's military campain against Naples. Of course, Benvenuto's information about Hungary does not seem very rich.
  • Szerző Barbieri, Edoardo
    Füzet Vol. IV/2002/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 55-64
    Absztrakt Official history writing states that there is an abrupt change in comunication technology with the invention of printing. Barbieri argues that the opposition is to be reinterpreted and shows how hand written books and printed books are connected in history, having the first as a model for the first in every sense. Another contact point is shown in the books of calligrapy of the 15th and 16th centuries, an often forgotten aspect of the history of book printing.
  • Szerző Frasso, Giuseppe
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 1-17
    Absztrakt L'esposizione non presenta, per gli addetti ai lavori, carattere di particolare novita; di contro essa e gravata da pesanti debiti nei confronti di numerosi contributi, a diverso titolo fondamentali: contributi dei quali essa e - se non in tutto, certo per ampia parte - forse troppo sommaria e approssimativa, seppur ragionata, epitome...
  • Szerző Sciacovelli, Antonio Donato
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 19-27
    Absztrakt La riflessione alla base di questo contributo viene da una suggestione, un ricordo d'infanzia: in Italia, e soprattutto nell'Italia del sud, non sono rare le chiese, specialmente quelle edificate nei secoli XVII e XVIII, dedicate al Purgatorio, e la ragione di questa denominazione, in contrasto con la normalità di santificare la Casa del Signore alla Vergine, a Cristo o ad un santo, aveva sempre destato la mia curiosita di ragazzo (a Matera, mia città natale dove ho vissuto diciotto anni della mia vita, e a Napoli, dove durante gli anni dell'Universita mi è anche toccato in sorte di abitare vicino la chiesa del Purgatorio...
  • Szerző Hoffmann, Béla
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 29-39
    Absztrakt È noto come la scienza medievale distingua chiaramente quattro modi possibili di lettura della Sacra Scrittura, postulando la presenza nel testo del senso letterale, allegorico, morale ed anagogico. Meditando sopra queste possibilità di lettura della Bibbia, Dante le considera quali strategie interpretative della poesia laica stessa...
  • Szerző Matucci, Andrea
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 41-50
    Absztrakt La morte di Beatrice, annunciata all'ingresso del capitolo XXVIII dai primi versetti delle Lamentationes Ieremiae, irrompe violentemente nella trama della Vita Nuova, lacerandola, attraverso una memorabile invenzione narrativa. Nelle pagine precedenti Dante si era adoperato affinché la terribile 'imaginazione' di morte del capitolo XXIII non assumesse nella mente dei lettori caratteri profetici su una reale tragedia imminente e rimanesse, priva di conseguenze apprezzabili, quasi conclusa e dimenticata in una 'erronea fantasia'...
  • Szerző Acél, Zsuzsanna
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 51-59
    Absztrakt Fra le tante prospettive, offerte dalla flora dantesca in generale, ora tentiamo di eseguire un' analisi, tutt' altro che globale, sulla problematica della nozione di albero. Visto che tutte le questioni dantesche, pur le più "microscopiche" sono complesse come la nostra, anche se ci limiteremo all'esplorarne alcune caratteristiche, dovrà tuttavia esser chiarita una base teorica, su cui l' argomentazione possa appoggiarsi...
  • Szerző Prokopp, Mária
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 61-67
    Absztrakt La Commedia di Dante e da quasi 700 anni 'Divina' per l'umanita. E divina nella sua forma poetica e nel contenuto e nella perfetta unita di questi. Appunto, 700 anni fa, nel primo Anno Santo, comincia il grandioso viaggio mistico di Dante, nel quale egli cerca appassionatamente, anzi disperatamente, la verita, lo scopo della vita umana per sé stesso e per tutti noi, cioe fino ad oggi...
  • Szerző Deen Schildgen, Brenda
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 69-83
    Absztrakt Nella Commedia, Dante impiega in modo nuovo la retorica politica della crociata militare in quanto lo spazio del suo poema è occupato dal suo pellegrinaggio e dalla sua crociata personale. Egli espone argomentazioni a favore di un governo universale che separi la Chiesa dallo spazio temporale, come ha fatto nella Monarchia. Nella Commedia, però, l'Europa è divenuta oggetto di una passione polemica, "litigiosa", del poeta. Qui all'interno del dramma poetico, con gli strumenti della meditazione e delle dottrine teologiche, Dante produce un'analisi di ampio respiro della moralita, dell'eticà, e dei fallimenti della storia...
  • Szerző Hajnóczi, Gábor
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 85-99
    Absztrakt La concezione secondo la quale l'opera di Giotto segna l'inizio dell'epoca moderna nella storia della pittura, viene codificata da Giorgio Vasari, ed è sostenuta in sostanza anche dalla storiografia dei giorni nostri. In questa concezione l'arte viene definita come un fatto storico e ed in essa si presenta il concetto del 'progresso' come elemento determinante del percorso storico. Ad animare tale progresso era tenuta Firenze e, quanto agli artisti, la loro origine fiorentina diventava la base di una valutazione artistica...
  • Szerző Blum, Paul Richard
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 101-109
    Absztrakt Il fatto che Dante abbia elogiato Sigieri di Brabante ponendolo accanto a San Tommaso nel Paradiso ha fatto scorrere torrenti di inchiostro, proprio perché la situazione poetica è in sé enigmatica. Varie perplessità sono causate dallo squilibrio delle nostre conoscenze dei due maestri medievali, dall'informazione che Sigieri sembra appartenere al gruppo degli averroisti e dalla prospettiva, secondo la quale ci si aspetta una presa di posizione di Dante - chiara e definitiva - sulla teologia e sul suo rapporto con la filosofia, e ciò soprattutto nel Paradiso...
  • Szerző Kelemen, János
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 111-129
    Absztrakt La filologia dantesca non ha mai trascurato il fatto che sia nella poesia, sia nei trattati teorici di Dante il problema del linguaggio ha una posizione rilevante. Ma tutt'ora rimane discutibilie se a Dante si possa davvero attribuire una concezione del linguaggio interessante, rilevante e originale...
  • Szerző Tassoni, Luigi
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 131-141
    Absztrakt Non si impressioni il mio ascoltatore per il titolo dato a questa relazione, che appare anche a me un po' pretenzioso. Penso però di dover partire da qui, ovvero dall'uso della rima equivoca da parte del maggiore poeta del Medioevo europeo, per cercare di capire in che modo persino un artificio cosi scoperto e persino giocoso per gli autori delle origini goda di potenzialita diverse...
  • Szerző Rónaky, Eszter
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 143-149
    Absztrakt Nella vasta opera critica di Giuseppe Ungaretti la Divina Commedia e Dante occupano un posto estremamente importante. Una particolarità tutta singolare del metodo critico ungarettiano è che in esso troviamo mescolati metodi critici di diversi tipi: elementi del metodo storicistico e filologico confluiscono in quelli, antesignani, del metodo strutturalista, formalista o del metodo semiotico...
  • Szerző Senardi, Fulvio
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 151-178
    Absztrakt Parlare di Dante, agli inizi del Duemila, non è impresa facile; ci si trova a dover procedere avendo alle spalle una tradizione interpretativa ormai vastissima, dove contrastanti linee di gusto e metodi d'approccio critico diversi se non opposti si intrecciano con la sinuosità di un arabesco. Eppure non si tratta di un compito meramente rituale...
  • Szerző Kaposi, Márton
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 179-186
    Absztrakt In questa esposizione - nella quale si tratta soltanto una fase della ricezione di Dante in Ungheria - vorrei richiamare l'attenzione su due unilateralità, e - almeno in parte - anche correggerle. L'una si riferisce alla dantistica ungherese; l'altra, all'operosita di Lajos Fülep...
  • Szerző Somogyi, Judit
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 187-196
    Absztrakt Mentre parliamo, il nostro discorso, seguendo l'articolazione dei nostri pensieri, viene spesso interrotto da pause, ora più brevi ora più lunghe; inoltre, per rappresentare le diverse modalità di quello che vogliamo dire, ci serviamo di vari tipi di intonazione...
  • Szerző Kun, Csilla
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 197-204
    Absztrakt In occasione di queste Giornate Dantesche che si svolgono a Piliscsaba, ho pensato di dedicare il mio intervento ad una tematica insieme italiana ed ungherese, che si occupi di un Canto cui si rivolge sempre un'attenzione particolare, sia per la sua bellezza intrinseca, sia per il fatto che in esso sono tematizzati gli aspetti ideologico-poetici del Dolce Stil Nuovo (a loro volta collegati ad una falsa interpretazione del concetto di stile da parte di Dante...
  • Szerző Szabó, Tibor
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 207-216
    Absztrakt Più si fanno delle ricerche approfondite su Dante, e più ci si deve rendere conto che è quasi impossibile averne un'impressione definitiva e globale. Dunque, bisogna accontentarsi di analizzare, specie in un breve saggio, solo alcuni aspetti della sua complessa fortuna. Noi ci limitiamo così alle interpretazioni ungheresi dei filologi, filosofi e teologi della prima metà del Novecento, e più esattamente a quelle del 1921...
  • Szerző Domokos, György
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 217-224
    Absztrakt Sulla fortuna di Dante nell'Ungheria medievale non disponiamo di prove sicure, ma solo di supposizioni. Nel Trecento la fortuna straordinaria della Divina Commedia ha origini bolognesi, città dove fu capitano Guido Novello da Polenta e dove in quell'epoca pullulavano gli studenti ungheresi. È impossibile supporre che questi, o i loro compagni di Ferrara, Padova, Siena, Perugia, Roma e Napoli non abbiano imparato l'italiano e non abbiano conosciuto il poema o qualche trattato di Dante...
  • Szerző D'Angelo, Biagio
    Füzet Vol. III/2001/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 225-233
    Absztrakt Quando si è soliti parlare di letteratura di viaggio, o della presenza del "viaggio" nella scrittura, si identifica questo genere specifico, ricchissimo di spunti e riflessioni filosofiche e di relazioni interculturali, con il Seicento. Nel periodo dei grandi viaggi e delle scoperte geografiche, della "scienza nuova" e della maraviglia per l'identita "altrui", la scrittura canonizza questo genere che solo di recente ha ritrovato un'eccezionale fioritura di interesse critico...
  • Szerző Botos, Máté
    Füzet Vol. II/2000/1
    Kategória Artes
    Absztrakt Les actions diplomatiques du Cardinal Csernoch aupres du Vatican sont bien connues au moins depuis l'article intéressant d'István Eördögh, publié dans Vigilia 1996/7 mais ses actions non moins illusoires exercées dans le milieu ecclésiastique de la France méritent aussi l'intéret de l'historien...
  • Szerző Dondoli, Luciano
    Füzet Vol. II/2000/1
    Kategória Artes
    Absztrakt Da vari decenni ho studiato la teoria del linguaggio del Croce, in specie per quel concerne il suo rapporto con l'arte, cioe ho cercato di vedere come si forma negli anni quell'anomala teoria che istituisce una relazione simmetrica di equipollenza tra la categoria linguaggio e la categoria arte. Ho anche cercato di vedere come opera questa teoria del linguaggio quando venga applicata al pensiero logico e all'attivita pratica...
  • Szerző Fejérdy, Gergely
    Füzet Vol. II/2000/1
    Kategória Artes
    Absztrakt Il ne s'est pas établi de relations étroites entre les pays francophones et le peuple hongrois durant leur histoire a cause de la distance qui sépare ces deux pays sur le plan géographique. Leurs priorités, leurs mentalités et leurs problemes étaient également fort différents. Malgré les contacts et les échanges permanents, chaque pays n'a pu se faire de l'autre pays qu'une image incomplete et meme parfois fausse. De temps a autre, grâce a des liens entre les familles royales, grâce a des échanges religieux, politiques, économiques et culturels, les informations circulaient davantage entre les deux pays, mais cela n'a pas suffi a forger dans la conscience des Français et des Hongrois un portrait fidele de l'autre pays...
  • Szerző Portalés Mananós, David
    Füzet Vol. II/2000/1
    Kategória Artes
    Absztrakt Santiago de Compostela es, junto a Roma y Jerusalén, meta de una de las grandes peregrinaciones cristianas, las denominadas peregrinationes maiores. Roma y Jerusalén son focos de atracción de viajantes por múltiples motivos y el peregrinatorio es sólo uno de ellos, es decir, no pueden ser consideradas exclusivamente centros de peregrinación, meta sólo de peregrinos.
  • Szerző Romito, M. Bruna
    Füzet Vol. II/2000/1
    Kategória Artes
    Absztrakt In questo mio studio, che ora cerchero di riassumere, analizzai a suo tempo l'applicazione dei decreti del Concilio di Trento nella diocesi di Matera, cercando di rispondere alla fondamentale domanda: tali decreti quale eco ebbero nel clero e nel popolo di quella cittadina del Sud?
  • Szerző Szőnyi, Gergely
    Füzet Vol. II/2000/1
    Kategória Artes
    Absztrakt Al leer la novela Corazón tan blanco de Javier Marías uno se encuentra con un texto bastante complejo y en su complejidad enigmático, así que la tarea de analizarlo parece ser agradable y emocionante puesto que el texto mismo abre numerosas puertas posibles ante el pensamiento analizador. En las páginas siguientes trataré de aclarar algunos puntos que según mi opinión son básicos del mundo de la novela, partiendo del análisis desde el hipotético nucleo existencial de éste, lo que radica en el nivel de los elementos tradicionales que aparecen en el texto (Macbeth, mito bíblico de la Creación y de la Caida, tradición folclórica, etc.) tampoco olvidándo los aspectos poéticos.
  • Szerző Garrett, Jeffrey
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 15-27
    Absztrakt I want to begin by considering a group of words in the German language that appear simultaneously to mean one thing, but also exactly the opposite. The word reizen, for example, can mean to irritate, to put off, but also to attract strongly: Das reizt mich ungemein. Surprisingly, techni-cal terms are also not exempt from this kind of inherent inexactitude...
  • Szerző Czerkawski, Jan
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 29-38
    Absztrakt Im 16. Jahrhundert kam es in Europa sowohl auf religiöser als auch auf philosophischer Ebene zu einer Desintegration der Doktrin. Auf die Unruhe der Renaissance- und Reformationszeit folgte eine Epoche in-tensiver Suche nach Stabilität und des Strebens nach Einheit. Auf phi-losophischer Ebene fand dies seinen Ausdruck in dem Willen, ein ein-heitliches, geschlossenes Ideensystem zu schaffen...
  • Szerző Janeczek, Stanisław
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 39-52
    Absztrakt Die Gelehrten, welche die Kultur der polnischen Aufklärung erfor-schen, sehen ihre reife Form in der Regierungszeit des letzten polni-schen Königs Stanislaw August Poniatowski in den Jahren 1764-1795. Und für die Erforscher des Schulwesens bildet das Jahr 1773, als das erste Bildungsministerium in Europa, die sog. „Kommission für Nati-onale Edukation”, ins Leben gerufen wurde, das Durchbruchsdatum für den Sieg der aufklärerischen Ideen...
  • Szerző Stančienė, Dalia Marija
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 53-57
    Absztrakt The Enlightenment came to Lithuania in the second half of the XVIII century, at the time of economical and political disorder. The Lithuanian establishment treated the ideas of Enlightenment as the means against the degradation of the country. The Jesuit Order responded to the influence of the Enlightenment reshaping its educational programmes, first of all in the Vilnius University, which they had establis-hed a century ago...
  • Szerző Scheib, Andreas
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 59-73
    Absztrakt Im Zentrum der vorangegangenen Beiträge und Diskussionen der Tagung stand die Frage, ob die weltanschauliche Ausrichtung katholischer Ordensleute grundsätzlich eine aufklärerische Grundhaltung zuläßt...
  • Szerző Pokorný, Martin
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 75-78
    Absztrakt Im Jahr 1752 hat Franz Azzoni (1717-1775), ein Prager Jesuit, die Epitome selectarum quarundam exercitationum scholasticarum herausgegeben: eine Sammlung kurzer, thematisch sehr verschiedener Aufsätze für den Schulgebrauch. Die vierte „Übung” trägt den Titel De commercio animae cum corpore, und die Polemik, die der Verfasser in diesem Rahmen mit dem Leibniz'schen Gedanken der prästabilisierten Harmonie führt, soll uns in diesem Beitrag zum Thema werden und ein Beispiel des Zugangs Azzonis zur derzeitigen modernen Philosophie bieten...
  • Szerző Blum, Paul Richard
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 79-89
    Absztrakt John Locke greift in seinem Essay concerning Human Understanding die scholastische Philosophie unter dem Titel „Of the Abuse of Words” an. Da ihn die Frage nach der Bildung von Ideen beschäftigt, weist er nach, daß die Disputierkunst der Scholastiker zu nichts anderem taugt, als die Ignoranz der Sprechenden zu cachieren. Subtilität und Scharfsinn erscheinen daher als nutzlose Techniken (useless skills)...
  • Szerző Saxlová, Tereza
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 91-103
    Absztrakt Jan Duns Scotus, einer der letzten großen Denker der Hochscholastik, wird von vielen modernen Philosophiehistorikern als Erfinder und Gründer einer wesentlich neuzeitlichen – d.h. der modalen und essenzialistischen – Auffassung des Seienden angesehen, einer Auffassung also, die zur berühmten Wende Immanuel Kants Anlaß gab und die man mit Recht für eine durch die äußerste „Seinsverlassenheit” gekennzeichnete Metaphysik erklären könnte. Der angebliche Sinn der Auffassung des Seienden bei Duns Scotus kann dabei etwa durch die folgenden Thesen wiedergegeben werden...
  • Szerző Fritsch, Matthias J.
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 105-116
    Absztrakt Während religionsphilosophisches Denken so alt ist wie die menschliche Geistesgeschichte, ist Religionsphilosophie als Wissenschaft ein Produkt der Neuzeit. Entstanden aus dem spannungsreichen Verhältnis von Philosophie, Theologie und Religion im Zeitalter der Aufklärung, tritt sie im deutschen Sprachraum im Laufe des 18. Jahrhunderts an die Stelle der bisherigen „Natürlichen Theologie”...
  • Szerzők Kharissov, Ildar
    Koudriavtsev, Alexandre
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 117-126
    Absztrakt Der Beginn der Aufklärungsbewegung in Rußland wird in den meisten russischsprachigen wie auch in manchen von diesen beeinflußten anderssprachigen Studien auf die zweite Hälfte des 17. Jahrhunderts datiert...
  • Szerző Blackwell, Constance
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 131-157
    Absztrakt Die Untersuchung der Bewertung von Philosophen in den Philoso-phiegeschichten bedarf zu ihrer Rechtfertigung der Annahme, daß der Gegenstand der Philosophiegeschichte an sich von Interesse ist, und daß darüberhinaus eine Untersuchung, auf welche Weise Philosophie-historiker die Philosophen darstellen, ein Licht auf die Erstellung des Kanons der Philosophie wirft. Im 20. Jahrhundert sind mehrere bedeutende Untersuchungen zur Philosophiegeschichtsschreibung erschienen, angefangen mit Bréhiers bahnbrechender Einleitung zu sei-ner Historie de la philosophie von 1926...
  • Szerző Tarabochia Canavero, Alessandra
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/2
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 159-175
    Absztrakt A compiere le ricerche di cui mi accingo a riferire sono stata indotta da una conversazione con Eugenio Garin, durante la quale parlammo, fra l'altro, di quanto sia importante, quando si fa storia della cultura, sapere con precisione che cosa di fatto si leggeva: quali libri circolavano, quali versioni, quali commenti, quali antologie, quali miscellanee (mi fece l'esempio dei „piccoli” Aristotele stampati a Lione, che circolarono in tutta Europa nel Seicento). Per quel che riguardava la storia della presenza di Ficino nell'Europa centro-orientale poteva essere utile, per cominciare, fare una indagine su quante e quali copie del De vita e del Pimander sono attualmente conservate nelle principali biblioteche di questa parte d'Europa...
  • Szerző Hajnóczi, Gábor
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 13-20
    Absztrakt L'umanista fiorentino Francesco Bandini de Baroncelli ha un'importanza particolare nella storia dell'Umanesimo ungherese poiché arrivò alla corte di Mattia Corvino proprio quando vi era costì la massima disponibilità a recepire i principî artistici ed architettonici della tarda cultura umanistica della Firenze medicea. La sua presenza ed attività alla corte di Buda vanno considerate importanti non solo perché il Bandini era discepolo ed amico del Ficino, e così risultava divulgatore delle idee ficiniane, ma anche perché fu lui a portare a Buda il trattato di architettura del Filarete, anzi – come vuole la recente storiografia – egli sarebbe stato una sorta di „mediatore” su questioni architettoniche tra il sovrano e gli architetti italiani divenendo così il maggior promotore dell'architettura rinascimentale in Ungheria...
  • Szerző Blum, Paul Richard
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 21-29
    Absztrakt Wenn ein Philosoph wie Marsilio Ficino in einer Kultur präsent ist, dann bedeutet das nicht sofort, daß er auf dem Marktplatz der Meinungen lautstark diskutiert wird. Die vornehmste Präsenz, die sich ein Denker wünschen kann, ist immer noch die Kanonisierung in der Stille. In welchen Formen Ficino wirksam sein konnte, läßt sich daher nicht nur an den Philosophen des 17. Jahrhunderts beobachten, die ihrerseits kanonische Geltung erlangt haben und zugleich andere, frühere verdrängten, wie Descartes, Spinoza oder Hobbes. Gerade die minores sind Indikatoren für das verborgene Blühen des Florentiners...
  • Szerző Domokos, György
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 30-35
    Absztrakt Questa breve scheda intende tracciare una sezione trasversale dei rapporti tra Ficino e il nostro paese. Si tratterà degli incunaboli presenti attualmente entro i confini dello Stato, anche se, ben sappiamo, tale approccio non potrà che dare un'immagine parziale del problema, almeno per tre motivi...
  • Szerző Ebbersmeyer, Sabrina
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 36-47
    Absztrakt Mit dem Titel meines Beitrags Physiologische Analysen der Liebe, von Ficino zu Patrizi möchte ich die Aufmerksamkeit auf einen Aspekt der Liebestheorien der Renaissance lenken, der in der Renaissanceforschung lange Zeit ein Schattendasein geführt hat. Denn wer sich als Renaissanceforscher mit der Liebe beschäftigt, der beschäftigt sich in erster Linie mit dem Symposion-Kommentar Ficinos und den darin enthaltenen, zweifellos wichtigen metaphysischen und erkenntnistheoretischen Dimensionen, bzw. mit den Nachwirkungen dieser Theorie Ficinos im 16. Jahrhundert...
  • Szerző Facca, Danilo
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 48-59
    Absztrakt Tra il gennaio 1609 ed il gennaio 1612 Szymon Birkowski, professore di filosofia dell'Accademia di Zamosc (nato a Leopoli, filologo, compì gli studi filosofici a Cracovia e quelli medici a Padova, pubblicò in pratica solo una traduzione del De collocatione verborum di Dionigi di Alicarnasso, morì nel 1626) „legge” ai suoi allievi i seguenti testi: Charpentier Descriptio universae naturae, Galeno Ars parva, Timeo (di cui appunto tratteremo), Metafisica, Etica Nicomachea e Politica, nell'ordine. In questo ciclo triennale, Birkowski era stato docente di „filosofia della natura”, di „logica e metafisica” e di „filosofia pratica” di volta in volta...
  • Szerző Pajorin, Klára
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 60-69
    Absztrakt Nel 1930 fu pubblicata la monografia di József Huszti intitolata Tendenze platonizzanti alla corte di Mattia Corvino, nella quale l'autore descrisse dettagliatamente la corrispondenza tra Ioannes Pannonius e Marsilio Ficino, richiamando l'attenzione alla validità della critica dell'epistolografo ungherese sul Ficino e alla sua importanza dal punto di vista della storia delle idee e chiarì tutto ciò che era noto della persona di Ioannes Pannonius...
  • Szerző Rees, Valery
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 70-85
    Absztrakt Between 1477 and 1490 Marsilio Ficino sent an abundant flow of study material to his friends in Hungary. This paper will focus on what we can discover of his aims in this enterprise. How effective he was in achieving his aims can be dealt with only tangentially, for that is a very wide subject and one which I have tried to address in various aspects elsewhere. But concentrating on Ficino's writings to his friends in Hungary during this fourteen year period yields some interesting rewards...
  • Szerző Russell, Paul A.
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 86-97
    Absztrakt I have two purposes in this paper: first, to comment on the place of the Consiglio... within the European tradition of popular medical writing; second, to address the philosophical problem of Ficino's alleged „confusion and uncertainty” about the proper role of astrology in determining the future as evidenced by this document...
  • Szerző Vasoli, Cesare
    Füzet Vol. I/1999/1
    Kategória Artes
    Oldal pp. 98-108
    Absztrakt Sono molto grato al caro amico Richard Blum ed ai colleghi ungheresi per il gentile invito a partecipare a questo convegno dedicato ad uno dei primi filosofi dell'età moderna la cui opera ha influenzato profondamente, per oltre un secolo, la nostra comune cultura europea...
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