Absztrakt: The dissertation The Child in Relation to Nature is an attempt at introducing readers into one of the most important aspects of the theme of the magical child. Such authors as Saint-Exupéry, Le Clézio, Henri Bosco, etc. depict their little heroes as being in contact with nature and inseparable from it. This bond, totally unintelligible to adults, stems both from the unusual philosophy that lies behind the child-hero behaviour and its ability to personify the world that surrounds it. The World in turn looks after the child carefully.